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Poetry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mrs. Sells. Poetry. Simile- comparing two things using ‘like’ or ‘as’ Metaphor- comparing two things Personification- giving animals or objects human characteristics Onomatopoeia- words that sounds suggest their meaning Idioms- language that is common to a certain area

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Presentation Transcript
figurative language

Simile- comparing two things using ‘like’ or ‘as’

  • Metaphor- comparing two things
  • Personification- giving animals or objects human characteristics
  • Onomatopoeia- words that sounds suggest their meaning
  • Idioms- language that is common to a certain area
  • Hyperbole- Extreme exaggeration
Figurative Language
examples of figurative language

Can you identify each example of figurative language?

She was as busy as a bee.

My teddy bear comforted me and caught my tears.

He was on fire as he scored point after point.

The bee buzzed as it flew by my ear.

Her abs are rock hard.

Bryan was a wall, hitting every tennis ball right back over the net.

Examples of Figurative Language
poetic devices

Remember poetic devices when you are writing and reading poetry!

Rhyme- Words that have the same ending sound

Figurative Language- similes, metaphors, alliteration, personification, and onomatopoeia

Poetic Devices:

What is a clerihew?

    • A four-line poem that makes a brief, humorous statement about a person.
  • Structure:
    • Line 1- ends with the person’s name
    • Line 2- rhymes with line 1
    • Lines 3 and 4- rhyme with each other
  • Example:

Little Mary Jane

Sittin’ in the rain,

Lost her red raincoat

And soon will be afloat!


What is a diamonte poem?

    • A poem that starts on one subject and changes to a totally different subject
  • Structure:
    • Line 1- One Noun (Subject #1)
    • Line 2- Two adjectives (describing subject #1)
    • Line 3- Three participles (ending in –ing, about subject #1)
    • Line 4- four nouns (first two related to subject #1, second two related to subject #2)
    • Line 5- Three participles (ending in –ing, about subject #2)
    • Line 6- Two adjectives (describing subject #2)
    • Line 7- One noun (Subject #2)
diamonte example


young, rambunctious,

playing, fighting,tumbling,

growth, change, development, maturity,

achieving, working, striving,

older, wiser


Diamonte Example

What is an Haiku?

A unrhymed Japanese poem that consist of 17 syllables (3 lines)

Most often about nature

Interesting Fact:

Haiku’s were once part of ancient Japanese courtship (dating). A man would send a haiku to the woman he loved. If she liked the poem, she would write a Tanka response



Line 1- five syllables

Line 2-seven syllables

Line 3-five syllables


Loud, crashing thunder

And then the rain pouring down

The rainbow appears

Let’s practice counting the syllables


What is a Tanka?

Another oriental verse form much like the haiku except two more lines are added. Each additional line are 7 syllables. Total: 31 syllables


Line 1- 5 syllables

Line 2- 7 syllables

Line 3- 5 syllables

Line 4- 7 syllables

Line 5- 7 syllables



The gate is unlocked.

Boys and girls with shiny shoes

And full lunch boxes

Gather to talk of summer

While they listen for the bell.


The great out-of-doors

Beckoned to us one and all

We sought nature’s joys

Along her creeks and rivers

And in the cool of glade.


What is a couplet:

The simplest rhymed pattern. It consist of two rhyming lines. They usually have a humorous twist. Rhythm and Rhyme should match the mood of the poem.


The teacher called the students in,

Then wished she could escape the din.


My son, Jonathan, came running out

To see what the noise was all about.


Jack and Jill went up the hill

So their bucket they could fill.


What is a limerick:

A five lined poem with one couplet and one triplet.

The rhyme pattern is AABBA

They are meant to be funny

They normally use figurative language

Interesting Facts:

Some people say the limerick was invented by soldiers returning from France to the Irish town of Limerick in the 1700’s.



Line 1 & Line 2 rhyme

Line 3 & Line 4 rhyme

Line 5 rhymes with lines 1 & 2


There was an Old Man with a beard

Who said, “It is just as I feared!—

Two Owls and a Hen,

Four Larks and a Wren

Have all built their nest in my beard.”

Marcelo in the Real WorldI am…

I am Marcelo.

I wonder if I will ever truly understand the real world.

I hear music and distracting sounds all the time.

I see my life passing before me.

I want to be normal’.

I am Marcelo.

I pretend people cannot see my differences.

I feel overwhelmed.

I touch my fate.

I worry I will fail.

I cry when I cannot make sense of my thoughts.

I am Marcelo.

I understand I am different.

I say I am not scared.

I dream of my future and what it will hold.

I try to go unnoticed.

I hope I will touch someone’s life.



I am (the characters name)

I wonder (something of curiosity)

I hear (an imaginary sound)

I see (an imaginary sight)

I want (an actual desire)

I am (the first line of the poem repeated)


I pretend (something you actually pretend to do)

I feel (a feeling about something imaginary)

I touch (an imaginary touch)

I worry (something that bothers you)

I cry (something that makes you sad)

I am (the first line of the poem repeated)


I understand (something that is true)

I say (something you believe in)

I dream (something you dream about)

I try (something you really make an effort about)

I hope (something you actually hope for)

I am (the first line of the poem repeated)