Introduction to HINDUISM. The Meaning, Definition and Origin of the word “HINDU”. It is amusing when westerners mispronounces our simple names. The word HINDU is not a Sanskrit word.
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The Meaning, Definition and Origin of the word “HINDU” • It is amusing when westerners mispronounces our simple names. • The word HINDU is not a Sanskrit word. • Interestingly the word HINDU came into existence because Persians mispronounced a Sanskrit word. (3000-4000 years)
Persians + Europeans and HINDU Persians referred Indus River as SINDHU. The letter “S” was mispronounced to “H” Hence SINDHU became HINDU. Originally HINDU was referred to the people living near river Indus but not the religion. Further Europeans used HINDU for vast majority of non – Muslim population of India.
Who are Hindus • any person of IndAbrahamicianorigin who neither practiced religionsnor non-Vedic Indian religions, such as Jainism, Sikhism or Buddhism
Hinduism = Sanātana Dharma • Meaning ETERNAL LAW
What does HINDU Belief in? • GOD is the only method for MUKTI • VEDA : Mother of all sastras • Rig, Sama, Yajur and Atharva • DO Buddhists and Jains belief in this?
Why? • Tirthankar of Jains and Buddha have taught that to achieve MOKSHA, one did not have to accept the authority of the Vedas or the caste system. • Buddha went a step further and claimed that the existence of a Self/soul or God was unnecessary • Hence they are not considered as HINDUS nor do they.
More on HINDUISM now! • How old is Hinduism? • Undoubtedly the oldest of all living religions. • Westerners don belief this • Cos they think history began in Greece. • However its very difficult to measure the antiquity of HINDUISM.
Evidence • RAMA Bridge or Ram Setu • 17.7 million years
The 4 main Division of Hinduism • Vaishnavism … Vishnu as Supreme GOD • Shaivism… Shiva as the Supreme • Shaktism … Mataji or Shakti • Smartism … Panchdeva • Shiv • Vishnu • Devi • Surya • Ganesha
Varnas • Brahmins: teachers and priests; • Kshatriyas: warriors, nobles, and kings; • the Vaishyas: farmers, merchants, and businessmen; and • the Shudras: servants and labourers
The Ashram System • Brahmacharyastudent life 5-24 • Grihasthahousehold life 25-49 • Vanaprastharetired life 50-74 • Sannyasarenounced life 75-100
Conclusion • Are you proud to be a HINDU. • yes you should be! • If anyone is interested in research contact your group manager. • Research topics • Of your choice • Hinduism • Swaminarayansastras and many more