Teaching with the 6+1 Traits Angela Stockman WNY Education Associates firstname.lastname@example.org
How does learning happen? Photo by Silvia Tolisano
WE REFLECT ON WHERE WE’VE BEEN, WHERE WE ARE GOING, AND HOW WE PLAN TO GET THERE
WE TRY TO DEVELOP BETTER AND BETTER AND BETTER STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING OUR OWN WORK AND HELPING OTHERS
What is good writing? What does it mean to become a writer?
“Real Writers” and “Real Writing” Have Certain Dispositions in Common.... http://www.flickr.com/photos/jefield/1119389/
R E F L E C T I O N http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonythemisfit/3223459074/
They are…. CONNECTED COLLABORATIVE ENGAGED http://www.flickr.com/photos/stuartpilbrow/3102888961/
TAKING A TEST http://www.flickr.com/photos/sean002/2510540027/
Which would YOU choose? http://www.flickr.com/photos/somemixedstuff/2403249501/
WHICH DO YOU CHOOSE?
THE MOST IMPORTANT WRITING INSTRUMENT TO PUT IN THEIR HANDS?
BALANCE BUILDS BETTER WRITERS (…….and don’t better writers earn high scores on state assessments too?)
Tell Us YOUR Story WHAT DO YOU BELIEVE ABOUT GOOD WRITING INSTRUCTION AND ASSESSMENT? Build a collage that reflects your beliefs.
Which elements of craft do we feel most comfortable teaching and assessing?
The 6+1 Traits of Writing A checklist A “best practice” An evaluation tool A process A program A curriculum A philosophy A framework that lives INSIDE the writer’s process A common language An understanding of what good writing is, supported by specific criteria. What it isn’t….. What it is….
Writing is a Process THE WRITING PROCESS Prewriting Drafting Peer-Review Editing Publication Which parts of the process show up most in your classroom? Least?
Considering MODES and PURPOSE PURPOSES FOR WRITING To Persuade To Describe To Inform To Think To Connect/Collaborate To Build Collective Intelligence TEXT TYPES (MODES) Narrative Text Expository/ Informational Text Procedural Text Poetic Functional Hybrid
PREWRITING What does this look like? Strategies for Support: Prompts Artifacts Pictures Music Video Movement Equations RAFTS Conversation Web Tools
Traits to Focus on During Pre-Writing: IDEAS VOICE
IDEAS Invite or inspire pre-writing activities. Come from our experiences, our connections, and our previous understandings. May be generated from artifacts, photographs, movement, music, conversation, guided brainstorming and more….. Require good writers to select appropriate MODES and to define their PURPOSES. Move readers from general to more refined topics. Inspire careful observation. Require independent use of higher level thought.
VOICE The “sound” of the writer or the speaker. Flavor or tone that is appropriate to the task. Commitment to the piece—involvement. Attention to the topic.
Voice Requires that writers shift the way they speak in response to MODE and PURPOSE. Invites diversity and complexity. Built when students take RISKS. Thrives in a comfortable atmosphere. Suffers when we teach in formulaic ways or require formulaic processes or models.
Drafting The importance of understanding MODES and the power of MENTOR TEXT. Approaching topics from varied angles. Writing beside them.
Traits to Focus On As We Draft • IDEAS • VOICE • ORGANIZATION
Organization http://blog.wired.com/geekdad/books/index.html “Organization is what you do before you do something so that when you do it it’s not all mixed up.” Winnie the Pooh
Organization Requires that writers develop an INVITING lead for that provokes questioning and curiosity. Inspires a body of work that attends to these questions and curiosities in a logical manner. Relies upon smooth transitions and the articulation of turning points and resolutions. Requires a conclusion that satisfies the questions and curiosities provoked by the lead and may inspire new ones. It does not, however, introduce new information.
ORGANIZATION WHAT IT IS…. A lead that “hooks” reader and provokes questions. A core that provides details in a logical manner and transitions between them smoothly. An ending that satisfies the questions raised within the work. HOW WE SUPPORT IT… Models and mentor texts Story boards Graphic organizers CRITERIA SPECIFIC FEEDBACK
Beyond Peer-Conferencing: Peer Review Processes Modeling With Fishbowl Coaching With Push/Pause Assessment Evaluation
Traits to Focus On During Peer-Review • IDEAS • VOICE • ORGANIZATION • WORD CHOICE • SENTENCE FLUENCY
WORD CHOICE “The race in writing is not to the swift, but to the original.” ----William Zinsser
Word Choice Original words Precise words Engaging words Varied words Attention to dialect and formality