Native American Conflict - Late 19 th Century. Name:\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_. Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce
Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce
When gold was discovered, the Nez Perce were asked to relinquish 90% of their land, including an ancient burial ground. Most of the tribe accepted the new treaty and moved into the consolidated reservation. But others, like their new leader, Chief Joseph, protested. in December of 1877, just days from the Canadian border, they were trapped, outnumbered, cold, tired and hungry. Chief Joseph told his warriors he was ready to surrender, saying…
The Act had six specific objectives, including the breakup of tribes as a social unit and assimilation of Indians into mainstream American society. Although the Act was initiated by well-intended people, the results were disastrous. Another important step in 'civilizing' Native Americans was to assimilate their children into white American culture. Identify three ways the Dawes Act sought to assimilate Native American children into white society.
Both the whites and native tribes committed atrocities against the other side. These conflicts between Native Americans and the American government and citizens in the late 19th century are known collectively as …
The US Government forced tribes to sign _________________, forced them to move onto ________________________, and reduce the land under their control.