the joy of sentences
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The Joy of Sentences. Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex. Simple sentences. Are about primarily just one thing Can have commas Can have multiple subjects and verbs EX: The dog is brown. EX: In the morning, you will eat bread. EX: Sue and Mary bought and sold some tickets.

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the joy of sentences

The Joy of Sentences

Simple

Compound

Complex

Compound-Complex

simple sentences
Simple sentences
  • Are about primarily just one thing
  • Can have commas
  • Can have multiple subjects and verbs
  • EX: The dog is brown.
  • EX: In the morning, you will eat bread.
  • EX: Sue and Mary bought and sold some tickets.
compound sentences
Compound Sentences
  • Comprised of two independent clauses (have a subject and verb)
  • Can be joined in three ways
  • With a comma and a conjunction
  • With a semicolon
  • With a semicolon, conjunction AND a comma
for example
For Example
  • Susan bought some milk, and Joe bought some cookies.
  • The dog wanted some meat; the cat ate her catfood.
  • The sun shone brightly; however, the rain came in the next day.
  • The boy took a picture, and developed it at home.
complex sentences
Complex Sentences
  • Made up of an independent clause AND a dependent clause (remember, dependent clauses have a s/v, but they can’t stand alone)
  • If the dependent clause starts the sentence, follow it with a comma.
  • If the independent clause comes first, no comma.
for example1
For example
  • When the Georgia Bulldogs win on Saturday, Ms. Smith will be very happy!
  • Ms. Smith will be very happy when the Georgia Bulldogs win on Saturday.
  • I love ice cream, because it is yummy.
types of clauses
Types of Clauses
  • Adjective clauses – Are dependent clauses** that follow the nouns or pronouns that they modify
  • Often begin with who, whom, whose, which, that
  • **Remember, a clause has both a subject and a verb
examples
Examples…
  • The girl who broke her leg came back to school today for the first time.
  • FIND the Clause…tell me what it is modifying
  • In the morning, the teacher that is giving all the kids F’s will be fired.
adverb clauses
Adverb Clauses
  • A dependent clause** that is used as an adverb
  • Begin with subordinating conjunctions such as…

after although as as if where

because Before if

Since than though unless

Until when whenever while

complex examples
Complex Examples
  • While the band played their music, the couples slowly danced on the floor.
  • The team that won the Little League World series is from Columbus.
  • We will swim when the sun comes out.
  • My favorite book, which is a classic novel, was made into a film.
review
REVIEW
  • Simple…have commas after prep phrases
  • Compound…two IC’s joined by a comma/conjunction or a semi colon
  • Complex…IC and a DC…if DC comes first, then follow it with a comma. If the IC comes first, then no comma.
  • CP-CX Complex sentence joined with a compound one
using a compound complex sentence to write a 3 part thesis
Using a compound-complex sentence to write a 3-part thesis
  • Example…taking vending machines out of schools
  • While sodas do contain extra sugar, the caffeine provides tired students with a needed boost, and a soda can be a great break for students during a long instructional day.
for example2
For example
  • While sodas do contain extra sugar, the caffeine provides tired students with a needed boost, and a soda can be a great break for students during a long instructional day.
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