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Unit 12. Talking About Routines. Safe Keeping . How much money did the woman hide? Where did she search for the money? Where did she finally find the money?. FINISH. ANALYZE ME. EVERY-MORNING. EVERY AFTERNOON. EVERY-NIGHT. SOMETIMES. NEVER. EVERYDAY. DON’T ANALYZE. LAST-WEEK.

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unit 12

Unit 12

Talking About Routines

safe keeping
Safe Keeping
  • How much money did the woman hide?
  • Where did she search for the money?
  • Where did she finally find the money?
last week
next week
brief history of deaf america
Brief History of Deaf America
  • Laurent Clerc was a Deaf teacher from the National Royal Institution for the Deaf in Paris
  • Gaullaudet was hearing
  • Clerc brought a new teaching method—sign language
Graduates of the first Hartford School went on to establish residential schools for the Deaf
    • Kids lived on campus
    • Taught in sign language
  • In 1864, the first university for the Deaf was established with the help of President Lincoln
in 1880
In 1880…
  • 1880: International Congress on Education of the Deaf in Milan, Italy adopted a resolution banning the use of Sign Language in the teaching of Deaf children
  • The “Oral Method” of teaching gained momentum
  • Speech and lipreading became primary educational goal
in 18801
In 1880…
  • Deaf people were discouraged from entering the teaching profession
  • Sign Language was no longer permitted in the classroom
  • National Association for the Deaf (NAD) was founded
    • Brought Deaf people together from around the country to work for their common interests and fight discrimination in schools and the workplace.
audism unveiled
Audism Unveiled
  • Education Clip
NAD established a fund to make a series of films in Sign Language.
  • NAD fought:
    • public ignorance of deafness,
    • underemployment of Deaf people,
    • discrimination against Deaf people who were denied driver’s licenses,
    • discrimination against Deaf teachers,
    • double tax exemption for Deaf people,
    • The strictly oral method in education of the Deaf
dark ages
“Dark Ages”
  • From 1900-1960
  • Called the “Dark Ages” because of strong oralism and lack of social understanding
  • Deaf Clubs
    • local clubs provided a place where Deaf people could go, socialize, share the latest news, organize around political issues, plan events and outings, and watch captioned films
    • Nourished a sense of group loyalty and community, maintained the culture, and preserved cherished language
  • The National Fraternal Society of the Deaf (NFSD) was formed
  • proved insurance to Deaf people
  • Initially provieded burial benefits to members
  • Expanded to include life, sickness, and accident insurance
  • Fought discrimination against Deaf drivers in getting car insurance
During the 1940’s, the NAD was able to get the Civil Service Commission to revoke a ruling that discriminated against Deaf printers, making lucrative positions available to many Deaf people
  • During WWII, many Deaf people became “soldiers on the assembly line” performing a variety of jobs and demonstrating the abilities of Deaf people can contribute to any work force
1960 s
  • TTY’s (Teletypewriters) were invented in 1964
  • Telecaption decoders allowed television to be captioned giving Deaf people access to TV
  • The National Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf was founded in 1964 leading to greater respect for and greater proficiency within the profession.
1965: first linguistic study of American Sign Language published by William Stokoe at Gallaudet
    • Greatly impacted continued research and recognition of ASL
  • “Total Communication”
    • Educational philosophy began to gain acceptance and signing was again allowed in schools
    • NAD fought for the right of a Deaf couple in CA to adopt a foster child
    • Judge said the child wouldn’t have a normal home environment with Deaf parents
    • Outpouring of support from the Deaf communities all over the US
    • Finally, the couple was awarded custody
    • National Theatre for the Deaf first tour
    • Spread awareness and appreciation of ASL throughout the world
  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 signed into law
    • Also called the civil rights act for disabled people
    • Requires any institution receiving federal funds be accessible to all disabled people
    • Sign Language interpreting services began to be provided at many colleges as well as hospitals, courtrooms, government agencies, and various workplaces.
    • Movie “VOICES” was produced featuring a hearing performer in the role of a Deaf character
      • Deaf people staged a successful boycott of the movie in several cities
      • Forced the distributor to withdraw the film from the market
      • Since then, Deaf performers have become more visible on television, stage, and film
      • Deaf people are now more often hired to perform in Deaf roles