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Multinational Financial Management Alan Shapiro 7 th Edition J.Wiley & SonsPowerPoint Presentation

Multinational Financial Management Alan Shapiro 7 th Edition J.Wiley & Sons

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### Multinational Financial ManagementAlan Shapiro7th EditionJ.Wiley & Sons

### CHAPTER 17

Power Points by

Joseph F. Greco, Ph.D.

California State University, Fullerton

CAPITAL BUDGETING FOR THE MULTINATIONAL CORPORATION

CHAPTER OVERVIEW:

I. BASIS OF CAPITAL BUDGETING

II. ISSUES IN FOREIGN INVESTMENT

ANALYSIS

III. POLITICAL RISK ANALYSIS

IV. GROWTH OPTIONS AND PROJECT EVALUATION

I.BASICS OF CAPITAL BUDGETING

I. BASICS OF CAPITAL BUDGETING

A. Basic Criterion: Net Present Value

B. Net Present Value Technique:

1. Definition

The present value of future cash flows, discounted at the project’s cost of capital less the initial net cash outlay.

BASICS OF CAPITAL BUDGETING

2. NPV Formula:

where I0 = initial cash outlay

xt= net cash flow at t

k = cost of capital

n = investment horizon

BASICS OF CAPITAL BUDGETING

3. Most important property of NPV

technique:

-focus on cash flows with

respect to shareholder wealth

4. NPV obeys value additive principle:

- the NPV of a set of projects

is the sum of the individual project NPV

BASICS OF CAPITAL BUDGETING

C. International Cash Flows

1. Important principle when estimating: Incremental basis

2. Distinguish total from incremental

flows to account for

a. cannibalization

b. sales creation

c. opportunity cost

d. transfer pricing

e. fees and royalties

BASICS OF CAPITAL BUDGETING

3. Getting the base case correct

Rule of thumb:

Incremental Global Global

cash flows = corporate - flow

cash flow without

with project project

BASICS OF CAPITAL BUDGETING

4. Intangible Benefits

a. Valuable learning experience

b. Broader knowledge base

II. ISSUES IN FOREIGN INVESTMENT ANALYSIS

II. TWO ISSUES IN FOREIGN INVESTMENT ANALYSIS

A. Issue #1 Parent v. Project Cash Flow

-the cash flows from the project may

differ from those remitted to the parent

1. Relevant cash flows become quite

important

ISSUES IN FOREIGN INVESTMENT ANALYSIS

2. Three Stage Approach

-to simplify project evaluation

a. compute subsidiary’s project

cash flows

b. evaluate the project to the parent

c. incorporate the indirect effects

ISSUES IN FOREIGN INVESTMENT ANALYSIS

3. Estimating Incremental Project Flows

What is the true profitability of the

project?

a. Adjust for tax effects of

1.) transfer pricing

2.) fees and royalties

ISSUES IN FOREIGN INVESTMENT ANALYSIS

4. Tax Factors:

determine the amount and timing

of taxes paid on foreign-source

income.

ISSUES IN FOREIGN INVESTMENT ANALYSIS

B. Issue #2 How to adjust for increased

economic and political risk of project? 1. Three Methods of Economic and Political Risk Adjustments:

a. Shortening minimum payback period

b. Raising required rate of return

c. Adjusting cash flows

ISSUES IN FOREIGN INVESTMENT ANALYSIS

2. Accounting for Exchange Rate and Price Changes (inflationary)

Two stage procedure:

a. Convert nominal foreign cash flows into home currency terms

b. Discount home currency flows

at domestic required rate of return.

III. POLITICAL RISK ANALYSIS

I. POLITICAL RISK ANALYSIS

A. Political risks

can be incorporated into an NPV analysis by

- adjusting expected project cash

flows to reflect the risks.

IV. GROWTH OPTIONS AND PROJECT EVALUATION

IV. GROWTH OPTIONS AND PROJECT EVALUATION

A. Options:

1. an important component of many investment decisions

2. ignoring options will understate the NPV of that investment

GROWTH OPTIONS AND PROJECT EVALUATION

B. Project Evaluation

1. Growth options require an expanded NPV rule

2. Investments in emerging markets can be viewed as growth options

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