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Can you guess it ?. It is a very young country in the world, which has only a history of 200~300 years. There is a Statue of Liberty in the east coast. It is about 46 meters high. The head office of the UN was set up there. Two World Wars didn’t take place there.

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can you guess it

Can you guess it ?

It is a very young country in the world,

which has only a history of 200~300 years.

There is a Statue of Liberty in the east

coast. It is about 46 meters high. The head

office of the UN was set up there. Two

World Wars didn’t take place there.

Now it is the strongest country of the world.

slide3

How much do you know

about the USA?

slide4

C

1. Which flag is American flag?

A. B. C.

slide5

2. Which city is the capital of the

USA?

A. New York

B. Washington D.C

C. Los Angeles

B

slide6

3. Which stands for the USA?

C

National

Emblems

(国徽)

A.

B.

C.

D.

slide8

5. Who is president of America now?

B

B.

A.

BarackHusseinObama

BillClinton

C.

D.

GeorgeH.W. Bush

Putin

slide9

6. Which doesn’t belong to the USA?

C

Statue of

Liberty

White

House

Eiffel

Tower

Golden

Bridge

A.

B.

C.

D.

slide10

7. Which are not American brands?

B F G

A

B

Germany

C

D

E

G

F

Germany

Finland

slide11

8.Who are Americans?

A C E

Steven

Speilberg

B

A

Keanu

Reeves

C

Britain

D

E

Ronaldinho

Brazil

slide13

10.Thefirstpresident

---Washington

11.The44thpresident

--- Geoge W. Bush

slide14

George Washington

was the first President

(and is marked on the

US one dollar bill).

Barack Hussein

Obamais

the 45th President.

slide17

C A N A D A

Mississippi

California

Atlantic Ocean

Pacific Ocean

MEXICO

slide19

Reading

California

slide20

The main idea of each part:

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

The introduction of California

NativeAmericans

TheSpanish

The history of

settlement of California

Russians

Goldminers

Laterarrivals

Thefuture

Mostrecentarrivals

choose the correct answer after reading the text
Choose the correct answer after reading the text.

1. Why is there strong Spanish influence in

California? _______

A. Because there were many Spanish staying

in California.

B. Because Spanish was one of the settlers

living there.

C. Because the local people loved Spanish culture.

D. Because California was once ruled by Span.

D

slide22

2. After the arrival of the Europeans in the 16th

century, _______.

A. Native people were killed or forced into

slavery.

B. Many native people died from diseases

brought by Europeans.

C. None of the native people could survive

the terrible times.

D. Both A and B.

D

slide23

3. Which of the following is false according to

the text? _____

A. During the Gold Rush Period many people went

to California in the hope of becoming rich .

B. Actually very few gold miners became rich.

C. During the Gold Rush Period many Chinese

immigrants arrived in California only to find

gold.

D. California became a state of the US two

years after the gold was discovered there.

C

slide24

B

4. From the passage we can infer that _______

A. between the late 19th century and the early 20th

century Italian and Danish immigrants came to

California to make wine.

B. by the 1920s many Jewish people came to California

because they were attracted by the film industry.

C. Mexican people came to California to work in the

ship and aircraft industries.

D. there will be more racial or cultural groups in

California because more and more people from

different parts of the world are still coming to

settle there.

slide25

True or False

  • California is the largest state in the USA
  • and has the largest population.
  • 2. The native Americans are treated well
  • after the arrival of Europeans.
  • 3. Of the first Spanish to go to California,
  • the majority were religious men.

F

F

T

slide26

4. In the early 1800s, Russians began setting in

California.

5. During Gold Rush Period, many achieved

their dream of being rich.

6. In the late 19th century, Chinese immigrants

arrived in California.

7. It is believed that before long the mix of

nationalities will be so great that there will

be no major racial or culture groups.

T

F

F

T

slide27

Language points

1. California is the third largest state in the …

序数词可以修饰形容词的最高级

The Yellow River is the second longest river

in China.

可以修饰形容词最高级的词: far / by far /much

可以修饰比较级的词: no / a little / a bit / any /

slightly/by far

You’re standing too near the camera. Can you

move ____?

A. a bit far B. a little farther

C. a bit of farther D. a little far

B

slide28

2. population人口

The population of China______ large. And 70%

of the population of China_______ peasants.

表示整体人口时谓语动词用单数, 表示部分人口

时谓语动词用复数。而形容人口的多少通常用

large / small。

对人口的多少进行疑问时,可用

What’s the population of ….?

What’s the population of Guangdong?

have a population of …. 有多少人口

China has a population of 1.3 billion.

an increase / growth in population 人口增长

is

are

slide29

3. diversity = variety多样性、变化

a diversity of vegetables

diversifyvt.使…多样性, 使…不同

diversify one’s skills / interests

We should diversify the syllabus (教学大纲)

to attract more students.

A company should diversify.

slide30

4. When the first people arrived in

  • what we now know as California,…宾语从句
  • = theplacethat we now know as California.
  • 定语从句
  • George Washington was born in ______ is
  • now the state of Virginia.
  • which B. where C. that D. what
  • = George Washington was born in theplace
  • that is now the state of Virginia.

D

slide31
5.However, itislikelythatNativeAmericans

were living in California at least fifteen

thousand years ago.

It is likely/possible/probable that …

sb/sth is likely to do sth

某人/物有可能做某事

slide32

注意: likely 比较级为likelier, 最高级为likeliest

e.g. She is ______ to succeed.

她有可能会成功.

= It is likely that she will succeed.

likely

This is a ________ story.

这是一个有可能发生的故事.

likely

辨析: likely, possible, probable

按可能性程度, probable可能性最大, 其次为likely,

最小为possible, 但需要注意的是, likely的主语可以

是人, 但possible, probable却只能用形式主语it.

slide33

7. Inaddition, many died from the disease

broughtbyEuropeans.

1) inadditionto: 除此之外, 另外, 加之

e.g. I met my past teacher and some former

classmates __________ in the supermarket.

我在超市里遇见了我以前的老师, 还有些

同班同学.

______________cakes and candies, guests

were also provided with fruits.

除了有蛋糕和糖果, 还给客人们准备了水果.

inaddition

Inadditionto

slide34

2) broughtbyEuropeans为过去分词作定语,

相当于whichwerebroughtbyEuropeans,

注意单个分词作定语放在所修饰的词前面,

分词短语作定语需放在所修饰的词之后.

English is a ____________ language.

英语是一种被广泛使用的语言。

This is one of the schools _______ in 1980s.

这是八十年代所建的学校之一。

widelyused

built

slide35

8. However,somesurvivedtheseterribletimes,

andtodaythereare more Native Americans

livinginCaliforniathaninanyotherstate.

1) survive

  • 幸免, 幸免于难
  • Only 12 of the 140 passengers _________.
  • 在140名乘客中只有12人幸免于难.

survived

slide36

挺过来, 挣扎过下去

  • e.g. I don’t think I _______________ another
  • Year as a teacher; just too stressful.

couldsurvive

  • 比(某人)长寿, 比(通常指亲人)活的更长
  • e.g. Harry _________ his wife by three months.
  • 哈里比他妻子多活了三个月。

survived

slide37

2) livinginCalifornia为现在分词短语作定语, 相当于

定语从句wholiveinCalifornia。现在分词一般表示

经常性的动作或现在的状态,也可以表示动作现在

正在发生或者与谓语动词所表示的的动作同时发生。

e.g. There are three types of tiger living in China

(thatliveinChina).

目前中国有三种虎.

The picture hanging (thatishanging)on the

wall is painted by my nephew.

墙上挂着的那幅画是我侄儿画的.

slide38

17. mix n. 混合 V.混合, 混乱

We have to come up with a mix of policies to

please the voters. (折中)

You can mix yellow and blue together to

make green.

We can not mix work with pleasure.

mixture n.混合物, 混合体

这种饮料是三种不同饮料的混合物。

The drink is a mixture of 3 different sorts of

drinks.

a mixture of sadness and anger / water and oil

slide39

vi. 混合, 使……结合

Oil and water don’t mix.

Oil doesn’t mix with water.

Tom and John mix like oil and water.

I got /was mixed up at first. 头脑混乱

He was mixed up in the scandal. (丑闻)

牵连到

Don’t get mixed up with them.

与……交往, 有联系

Success is a ____ of a sharp mind and hard

training rather than just talking.

A. mixture B. thought C. time D. action

A