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H12/1/11; T11/25/08 ; T12/11/07 ; T12/5/06 ; T12/6/05. Growing Sectionalism: Impact of the Kansas-Nebraska Act ( Ch. 14.1 & 14.2 ; pp. 384-393). I. Uncle Tom’s Cabin - 1852. Harriet Beecher Stowe (MA) fictional account of slavery Simon Legree – cruel

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h12 1 11 t11 25 08 t12 11 07 t12 5 06 t12 6 05
H12/1/11; T11/25/08; T12/11/07; T12/5/06; T12/6/05

Growing Sectionalism: Impact of the Kansas-Nebraska Act

(Ch. 14.1 & 14.2; pp. 384-393)

i uncle tom s cabin 1852
I. Uncle Tom’s Cabin - 1852
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe (MA)
  • fictional account of slavery
  • Simon Legree – cruel
  • slave families; loyalty of slaves
  • more northern sympathy for slaves
  • widely read – 300K copies in 1852;
    • 1.2M by summer of 1853
  • plays, popular
  • abolitionist ↑
  • angered S – banned in S
  • Lincoln: “So you’re the little lady who started this war”
ii election of 1852
II. Election of 1852
  • Pierce (Dem-NH)
  • Scott (Whig-VA)
  • John Hale (Free Soil) – only 5%
  • Dems can win in N, if candidate does not oppose slavery
  • Whigs only receive 35% of S. vote (compared to 50% in 1848)
  • more regional vote
  • harder to retain non-sectional ties
iii kansas nebraska act 1854
III. Kansas-Nebraska Act – 1854

A. Roots – Gadsden Purchase -1853

  • transcontinental RR
  • S. route
  • purchased land for $10M from Mex.
  • many N. upset – want N route
iii kansas nebraska act 1854 cont
III. Kansas-Nebraska Act – 1854 (cont.)

B. Douglas’ Proposal – 1854

  • wants N. transcontinental RR
  • Chicago would be hub
  • need S. support
  • open K-N to possibility of slavery
  • pop. sov. in territories
  • believe Kan- slave; Neb – free
  • would continue sectional balance
iii kansas nebraska act 18541
III. Kansas-Nebraska Act – 1854

C. Response

  • S: happy – open to slavery [allowed for possibility of slavery]
  • N: betrayed MO Compromise (36-30 line)power of slaveocracy
  • helps create Republican Party
iv creation of republican party 1854
IV. Creation of Republican Party – 1854
  • opposed to spread of slavery
  • not abolitionists [although included abolitionists]
  • strictly regional party
  • built on earlier parties: Liberty, Free Soil