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Reading #6 Consequences of the Civil Rights Movement - The Rise of Black Power. Objective… -Describe how the Civil Rights movement gave rise to the Black Power Movement. -Analyze the progress of the CR Movement (1954-1968).
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Objective… -Describe how the Civil Rights movement gave rise to the Black Power Movement. -Analyze the progress of the CR Movement (1954-1968).
The opposition to Dr. King argues… - King’s Techniques are outdated - Progress was too slow - Black Separatists … - Questioned a racially integrated society - Advocated a back to Africa movement - Sought land grants within the US
In 1966 & 67 more than 100 riots & violent clashes in… Detroit , Newark, Cleveland, Chicago, Philadelphia, Milwaukee & Dayton
Detroit 1967 – 43 deaths - $40M in property damage
“Fire, smoke, gunshots, shouting, screaming, looting, rocks, bottles, Molotov cocktails, blood spilling and some people dying, and hundreds of injured. Citizens mostly. Spiraling confrontations all over the city proper.”
"Our nation is moving toward two societies, one black, one white — separate and unequal.“
- Urban violence was related white racism
- Black frustration with economic opportunity.
- Failed policies… education; social-services
- Unrealized expectations of CR movement & LBJ’s promises of a “Great Society”
"physician's warning of approaching death, with a prescription for life."
1925: Born in Omaha, NE …Father & uncle were murdered by white supremacists & mom was institutionalized for mental illness …His family lived in constant fear of the KKK …He was raised in foster homes1946: Age 20, sent to prison …Joins the Nation of Islam …Changes name: El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz1952-1964: Released from prison… became the leader of the NI …taught black supremacy, advocated separatism — NO INTEGRATION 1964: Breaks with the NI …"I was a zombie then ... pointed in a certain direction and told to march"—disavows racism & expresses a willingness to work with civil rights leaders …Remained an advocate for black self-determination & self defense.1965: Assassinated by members of NI while giving a speech on racial harmony
Admirers saw MX as an advocate for the rights of African Americans who held white America accountable for crimes against black Americans. Detractors accused him of preaching racism, black supremacy, anti- Semitism & advocating violence.
* He is considered to be one of the most influential African Americans in history.
"We got some difficult days ahead, but it really doesn't matter to me now, because I've been to the mountaintop. I've seen the promised land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the promised land." -MLK