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Literary Elements. Why reading can be fun!. Plot Elements. What is a story made of? . Plot Map. climax. f alling action. rising action . exposition. resolution. Exposition . Is the introduction of the story . There are 3 main elements included in the exposition: Characters

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Literary elements

Literary Elements

Why reading can be fun!


Plot elements
Plot Elements

What is a story made of?


Plot Map

climax

falling action

rising action

exposition

resolution


Exposition
Exposition

  • Is the introduction of the story.

  • There are 3 main elements included in the exposition:

    • Characters

    • Setting

    • Conflict


Exposition1
Exposition

  • Characters:

    • There is always a ‘protagonist’ and an ‘antagonist’.

    • Protagonist:

      • Person who is the main character

      • Usually has a ‘cause’

      • Could be deemed ‘the good guy’

      • Is usually dynamic (change during the story)


Exposition2
Exposition

  • Characters:

    • Antagonist:

      • Person who is opposite of the Protagonist

      • Causes problems for the Protagonist

      • Could be considered the ‘bad guy’

      • Is usually static (doesn’t change during the story)


Exposition3
Exposition

  • Setting:

    • Iswhere and when a story takes place.

    • Like a personal narrative, this might not be explicitly written, so the reader has to infer where and when, based on what was read.


Exposition4
Exposition

  • Conflict:

    • Is the main problem in the story.

    • Always involves the Protagonist and usually Antagonist.

    • Often, more than one kind of conflict can take place at the same time.

    • Conflict creates understanding of a character and creates interest in a story.


Exposition5
Exposition

  • Conflict:

    • There are 4 different types of conflict:

      • Man vs. Self

      • Man vs. Man

      • Man vs. Society

      • Man vs. Nature


Exposition6
Exposition

  • Conflict:

    • Man vs. Self

      • Internal conflict (inside)

      • Is a good test of a character’s personality

      • How a character deals with internal conflict is a good clue to that character’s inner strength.


Exposition7
Exposition

  • Conflict:

    • Man vs. Self

      • Example:

        • A guy has to decide whether to fight someone else, or to walk away.

        • A girl has to decide whether or not to ditch class.

        • A student has to decide between getting a job over the summer, or taking summer classes.


Exposition8
Exposition

  • Conflict:

    • Man vs. Man

      • Conflict that pits one person against the other.

      • Probably the most popular conflict in literature.


Exposition9
Exposition

  • Conflict:

    • Man vs. Man

      • Example:

        • Spiderman vs. The Green Goblin

        • Popeye vs. Bluto


Exposition10
Exposition

  • Conflict:

    • Man vs. Society

      • Society’s values and customs are being challenged by someone.

      • A character may come to an untimely end as a result of his or her own beliefs.

      • A character may convince others of his or her beliefs, or it may be decided in the end, that society was right after all.


Exposition11
Exposition

  • Conflict:

    • Man vs. Society

      • Example:

        • A guy who fights against ‘Ladies Night’ because he felt it is discriminatory.

        • Anyone trying to overturn a huge organization like the government.


Exposition12
Exposition

  • Conflict:

    • Man vs. Nature

      • A run-in with the forces of nature.

      • Shows the insignificance of human life against ‘big picture’ (universe).

      • Also tests the limits of a person’s strength and will to live.


Exposition13
Exposition

  • Conflict:

    • Man vs. Nature

      • Example:

        • Anything humans can not control

          • Tornadoes

          • Hurricanes

          • Fire

          • Lightening


Rising action
Rising Action

  • Are the events occurring in a story that build up, or ‘rise’ to a certain point.

  • These events mainly consist of:

    • complications

      • Which are events that intensify, or make the conflict worse.


Climax
Climax

  • the ‘turning point’ or the most exciting partof the story.

    • The story starts to change, or turn around here

  • is what the rising action is leading up to.


Example:

Definition:

Theme

Visual:

Non-Example:


Theme
Theme

  • Is the author’s message about life that he/she is trying to tell the reader through his/her story.

  • Is NOT the subject of the story.

    • The subject is what the story is about, or the topic.


Theme1
Theme

  • A theme makes a statement about that topic.

    • Ex: a story could be about a kid with bad grades and works to pass his classes, BUT the theme could be the idea that people have to work hard for what they want.


Theme2
theme

  • Examples of Theme:

    • Forrest Gump – life is unpredictable

    • Finding Nemo – never underestimate yourself

    • The Grasshopper and the Ants – don’t procrastinate


Theme3
theme

  • Examples of Theme:

    • Think/Pair/Share

    • Think of what could be the theme of each of these stories, Pair up with a partner, Share your idea with him/her


Theme4
theme

  • A Christmas Carol

    • money shouldn’t control lives

  • Cinderella

    • good things come to those who wait

  • The Ugly Duckling

    • Don’t judge a book by its cover


What it is:

Definition:

Foreshadow

Visual:

What it is NOT:


What it is:

Definition: a literary technique used to provide clues about what will happen later in the story.

Foreshadow

Visual:

What it is NOT:


What it is:

-Predicting

- Hints

Definition: a literary technique used to provide clues about what will happen later in the story.

Foreshadow

Visual:

What it is NOT:


What it is:

-Predicting

Definition: a literary technique used to provide clues about what will happen later in the story.

Foreshadow

Visual:

What it is NOT:

- Knowing


Foreshadow
Foreshadow

  • Let’s think . . .

    • Where have we seen examples of foreshadowing in “The Most Dangerous Game?”


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