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Canadian and U.S. immigration and citizenship: Views from the inside Adrienne Christie & Thomas Curley November 23, PowerPoint Presentation
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Canadian and U.S. immigration and citizenship: Views from the inside Adrienne Christie & Thomas Curley November 23, 2010. Demographics. Canada. USA. Total population: 33.7 million (2009) Native Born: 79.4% (2006) Foreign Born: 19.8% (2006) Origins of foreign born:

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Canadian and U.S. immigration and citizenship: Views from the insideAdrienne Christie & Thomas Curley November 23, 2010
demographics
Demographics

Canada

USA

  • Total population: 33.7 million (2009)
  • Native Born: 79.4% (2006)
  • Foreign Born: 19.8% (2006)
  • Origins of foreign born:
      • Asia: 40.8%
      • Europe: 36.8%
      • Central and South America: 6.2%
  • Total population: 307 million (2009)
  • Native Born: 87.5%
  • Foreign Born: 12.5 %
  • Origins of foreign born:
      • Latin America: 53.1%
      • Asia: 27.7%
      • Europe: 12.7%
united states administration and partnerships the way it works not inclusive
United States Administration and partnerships: The way it works(not inclusive)

US Congress – Makes laws, legislation defines most numerical limitations for family and employment based visas. (Exceptions for immediate relatives of USC) -- Oversight; committees, sub-committees.

Department of State – issues visas and assists Americans overseas

Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

DHS Immigration trilogy:

  • USCIS – adjudicates applications and petitions
  • CBP – controls border
  • ICE – investigates, detains, removes
us flows dhs state partnership
US flows – DHS & State partnership

1. DHS USCIS receives and adjudicates petition in US.

50 types of benefits. 7 million applications per annum.

2. (if beneficiary overseas) USCIS notifies State Department of approval.

3. State Dept National Visa Center channels approval to overseas consulate.

4. State Dept Consular Affairs interviews, issues visa.

5. Beneficiary boards plane and arrives at US POE.

6. DHS CBP inspects and makes admission to US.

settlement integration and citizenship
Settlement, Integration and Citizenship

CIC

USCIS

  • Citizenship Requirements
  • New guide (2009) and test (2010)
  • 85% of immigrants become citizens of Canada
  • $668 million/year available for grants and contributions
  • Citizenship requirements
  • New test, guide and educational tools (2009)
  • 60% of immigrants become citizens of the US
  • $8 million/year for grants
appeals
Appeals

Canada

US

  • Immigration and Refugee Board (family class and removal orders)
  • Federal Court
  • Federal Court of Appeals
  • Supreme Court
  • Administrative Appeals (AAO)
  • DOJ/Executive Office for Immigration Review (Immigration Judge, and Board of Immigration Appeals)
  • Circuit Courts (Federal)
  • Courts of Appeals
  • Supreme Court
some shared priorities
Some shared priorities
  • Strengthen the security and integrity of the immigration system, including enhancing anti-fraud efforts.
  • Information Sharing.
  • Provide effective customer service through timely processing and service modernization.
  • Support integration and participation in civic culture, promoting civic principles and citizenship.
personal reflections
Personal Reflections

“Geography has made us neighbours. History made us friends. Economics has made us partners. And necessity has made us allies…”

- John Kennedy, 1961. Address to Canadian Parliament.

“The US is our trading partner, our neighbour, our ally and our friend….and sometimes we’d like to give them such a smack!”

- Rick Mercer, This Hour has 22 Minutes

resources
Resources
  • Department of Homeland Security (www.dhs.gov)
  • US Citizenship and Immigration Services (www.uscis.gov)
  • US Customs and Border Protection (www.cbp.gov)
  • US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (www.ice.gov)
  • Department of State (www.state.gov)
  • Department of Justice/Executive Office for Immigration Review (www.justice.gov/eoir/)
  • Department of Justice/Board of Immigration Appeals (www.justice.gov/eoir/biainfo.htm)