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NCOIC Technology Day. Restoring Communications Infrastructure after a Complex Humanitarian Disaster . Nelson Santini (DataPath) and Mobile Emergency Communications Interoperability (MECI) Team January 22, 2007. Approved for Public Release Jan 07-103.

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slide1

NCOIC Technology Day

Restoring Communications Infrastructureafter a Complex Humanitarian Disaster

Nelson Santini (DataPath)

and

Mobile Emergency Communications Interoperability (MECI) Team

January 22, 2007

Approved for Public Release

Jan 07-103

problem statement
Restoring communications infrastructure within the first 72 hours after a Complex Humanitarian Disaster (CHD) is vital to health and safety of the population.

Implementation of NCO principles for Mobile Emergency Communication Interoperability (MECI) can solve this problem.

Problem Statement
complex humanitarian disaster chd challenges
Complex Humanitarian Disaster (CHD) Challenges
  • Impact of CHDs on the global population is ever increasing
  • Responders have limited exposure to critical communication technology
  • Agencies use disparate technology, policies and databases.
  • Infrastructure is fragmented and unique to a region and its agencies
chd landmark events
CHD Landmark Events
  • December 26, 2004

Indian Ocean Earthquake and Banda Aceh Tsunami

  • August 23, 2005

Gulf of Mexico Hurricane Katrina

  • October 8, 2005

Kashmir Earthquake

global impact
Global Impact

Banda Aceh Tsunami

  • Damage $ Undetermined USD
  • Fatalities 230,000+ total
  • Affected Areas Eastern Africa, Southern Asia, Indian Ocean

Hurricane Katrina

  • Damage $84 B USD
  • Fatalities 1,836 total
  • Affected Areas Bahamas, Cuba, United States

Kashmir Earthquake

  • Damage $ Undetermined USD
  • Fatalities 74,500+ total (100,000+ Injured)
  • Affected Areas Pakistan, India, Afghanistan
common challenges
Common Challenges
  • Outdated communications systems
  • Disparate systems and protocols
  • Poor network logistics and support
  • Civil and military resource coordination
  • Unrehearsed responses
  • Inaccessible public and private data sources
  • Cultural differences
current needs
Current Needs
  • Emergency response operational plan and analysis
  • Inter-organizational information sharing and assurance (IA) of data communications
  • Pre-existing collaboration core services based on SOAs
  • Pre-existing communication services beyond hand-held radios
  • Standard protocol network - EoIP
critical meci gaps
Critical MECI Gaps
  • No pre-defined Mobile Emergency Communications framework
  • Few data standards, much less semantic interoperability
  • Few interfaces to the standards that exist
  • Few shared, and no core services
    • identity management, agency locator, data rights management
  • Civilian/Civilian/Military collaboration (CIMIC)
  • Policies: from transport to apps to operations
ncoic s goals
NCOIC’s Goals

Enable responders around the world to:

  • Leverage communication networks effectively and manage any security threat
  • Restore communication assets and capabilities needed to manage a CHD; any time and anywhere
  • MECI IPT Report

“Findings and Recommendations for Mobile Emergency Communications Interoperability (MECI)”

meci ipt enabling interoperability
MECI IPT: Enabling Interoperability

LMR &SATCOM

Customer Requirements SCOPE NIF Building Blocks NCAT

Prepackaged Mobile Emergency Interoperable Comms

Infrastructure Components

911, E911

MSS/PSAP

WiMax

WiFi

Hastily- Formed Networks

Incident

Command

System

DMIS

CAP

Connectionless

& Connection-

Oriented Transport

2.0G & 2.5G

Cellular

Software Defined Radios

MANET/

DSR Protocol

NCOIC is specifyingBuilding Codes (PFCs with standards, patterns and methods)for the arrows so NCO stakeholders can build interoperable solutions

services information framework

Agency Locator(EPAD)

Identity Management

Digital Rights Management

Core Services

Disaster

Management

Info Service

Radio IP

Bridges

Geographic InformationServices

Access

Point

Shared Services

EMT(s)

I/O

Backbone

I/O

Backbone

I/O

Backbone

Access

Point

Red Cross

&

NGO(s)

Access

Point

Communication Layer

Fire

Departments

Standards e.g. EDXL, CAP, NIEM

Network Discovery Layer

Data

Base

Services Information Framework
slide17
Transport

Network discovery

Agency applications

Shared services

Data standards

Core services

Policies in systems

Services Information Framework

  • Yes
  • Yes
  • Yes, few interfaces
  • Few
  • Few
  • Partial prototype
  • Sparse
slide18

The Way Forward

Technology itself isn’t a solution to CHD management

Success requires a:

  • Defined architectural framework
  • Comprehensive response strategy
  • Methodology to coordinate a dynamic response

Hastily Formed Networks (HFNs)

the way forward technology
The Way Forward- Technology -
  • Open standard pre-defined architectural framework
    • EoIP
  • Information based and web-enabled service environment
    • SOA
  • Autonomously configurable networks and linkage to existing networks
  • Network Centric Operations Standards
the way forward policy
The way forward- Policy -
  • Coordinated leadership
  • Improved operational planning
    • All hazards, all organizations
    • Assume de-centralized ownership of legacy assets
    • Assume centralized ownership of HFNs assets
  • Pre-defined (ideally based on day to day):
    • Organizational coordination: core services enabling policy implementation
    • Role-based rights management: identity, data, security, SLAs
  • Drills, training, accountability
ncoic
NCOIC

Discussion