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www.learnanywhere.co.uk. History at Key Stage 2 Unit 8: . What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?. 1485-1603: The Tudors. 1850s: Florence Nightingale. 790-1060s: The Viking Age. 625: Burial at Sutton Hoo. 1666: The Great Fire of London.

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www.learnanywhere.co.uk

History at Key Stage 2

Unit 8:

What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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1485-1603: The Tudors

1850s: Florence Nightingale

790-1060s:

The Viking Age

625: Burial at Sutton Hoo

1666: The Great Fire of London

Unit 8: The lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times

AD

BC

400

1600

1200

2000

800

200

600

1400

1000

1800

200

0

55 BC - 400 AD: Roman Britain

Unit 8: What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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Unit 8: The lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times

Can you match the people to their houses?

Unit 8: What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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Unit 8: The lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times

What was different about rich and poor people in

Tudor times?

Rich people would have lived in big houses.

Glass was very expensive, so rich people would

often have a lot of windows in their houses to

show how much money they had

They could afford more expensive clothes and

usually didn’t have to go to work.

They would make money from selling crops

from land which they owned.

The crops would be grown by farmers who

were allowed to live on the land in

exchange.

Unit 8: What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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Unit 8: The lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times

What was different about rich and poor people in

Tudor times?

Poor people had to work for a living. If they were

farmers, they wouldn’t get paid, but the owner

of the land would allow them to live there for free.

They had to grow or hunt all their own food.

They had to begin work at sunrise and work until

sunset.

Poor people lived in small cramped houses often

with damp inside.

Their houses belonged to the landowner so if

they lost their job they would also become

homeless.

Unit 8: What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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Unit 8: The lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times

Which of these pictures show rich people? Which show poor people?

Explain why you made the choices you did.

Unit 8: What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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Unit 8: The lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times

What can inventories tell us about the lives of people at this time?

Can you read either of these Tudor inventories?

Unit 8: What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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Unit 8: The lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times

Here is part of one of the inventories. This lists the items in the hall

First a table board with a frame and seven joined stools

Item one green carpet cloth and 8 cushions

Item one little round table and two chairs and a window curtain and curtain rod

Item one pair of andirons, a pair of tongs, a fire shovel, two pairs of pot hangings, a pair of bellows

Item ten chargers of pewter, 12 pewter plates, nine counterfeit dishes, two pewter flagons, three quarter pots of pewter, one half pint pot, a yewer, three salts, a little brass mortar and a pestle, six brass candlesticks, one plate candlestick, a plate to set a platter on, two latten basons

Item two stories, the ten commandments, one arms and two pictures

Item eleven panes of glass and a looking glass and a casement

Unit 8: What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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Unit 8: The lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times

What was life like for poor people in Tudor times?

Homeless people or beggars could be punished by being whipped or put in the stocks.

In the past, poor people who had no way of making a living were looked after by nuns or monks.

However, after the monasteries had been closed by Henry VIII people had nowhere to go. Some rich people donated money to build almshouses where poor people in need of help could go.

Unit 8: What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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Unit 8: The lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times

What was life like for poor people in Tudor times?

The poor should get jobs so that they can earn their keep. If they choose not to work then they should be punished. It’s not safe to have vagrants and beggars wandering the streets.

I’d like to work but there are very few jobs. It’s not my fault. Why should I be locked up? The rich should use some of their money to help people like me. They’ve got more than enough to go around.

Do you think the rich people might have been afraid of the poor? Why might this be the case?

Unit 8: What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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Unit 8: The lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times

Differences between rich and poor people in Tudor times

Large, comfortable, nice furniture, glass windows

Small, dark, often damp, very little furniture

A wide variety of foods- few vegetables though

Only ate the food they could produce themselves

Comfortable expensive clothing and jewellery

Only one or two sets of clothes made from cheap fabrics

Lots of sports, hunting, jousting, tennis

Some games like football, but not usually much spare time

Could afford doctors and better living conditions

Bad living conditions and dirty water led to bad health

Unit 8: What were the differences between the lives of rich and poor people in Tudor times?

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