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Green Economy and Green Growth By U Ohn , Vice-Chairman, FREDA, June 2012, Yangon. The official discussions at RIO +20 will focus on TWO MAIN THEMES :.
How to build a green economy to achieve Sustainable development and lift people out of poverty including support for developing countries that will allow them to find a green path for development; and
How to improve international coordination for sustainable development.
Here, to-day, we will focus on the first theme and leave the second theme for RIO + 20.
UN Secretary General said “The Sustainable development agenda is the growth agenda for 21st century”. I agree on this statement, as better managing forests to provide a broad range of benefits – reducing deforestation by half through 2030 could avoid an estimated US $ 3.7 trillion in climate change damages from green house gas – and that’s not counting the value of jobs and income, biodiversity, clean water and medicines provided by forests.
These areas should be established with fast growing fuel wood species such as Acacia crazycarpa, A. mangium, A-auriculoformes etc. to meet the immediate requirement of fuel wood and charcoal for the people, to make a quick coverage of land with vegetation and to get a quick income for the investments.
A. mangium, A-auriculoformes
The other sector is the Community Forest establishment. According to the 30 years master plan, by the end of 2030, the C.F area should be 25% of the country’s basic needs or to fulfill the country’s fuelwood, charcoal and perhaps post and poles requirements.
The main reason is, less interest by the F.D itself and less initiatives given to the community and thus less participate and less involvement.
Apart from the establishment of fuelwood, species for green growth and bio-fertilizer application to the community forests, we are now trying to reduce the fuel wood and charcoal consumption by applying fuelwood and charcoal saving cook stoves. We called it “Save 60-FREDA cooker”.
The stove will save 60% of fuelwood or charcoal (see the figure 1and 2) and even rice-husk can be used in place of wood and charcoal. We will try and distributes free to the communities and meditation centers etc. as much as we can afford.
Save 60-FREDA cooker
I would also like to express 15 Principles for a Green Economy as follows :-