Greek Philosophers. Key ideas about Greek Philosophy. Some Greek thinkers believed events were caused by something other than the gods Looked for reasons through observation and logic “Philosopher” means “lovers of wisdom”
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Protagoras: Truth is relative. It is only a matter of opinion.Socrates: You mean that truth is mere subjective opinion?Protagoras: Exactly. What is true for you is true for you, and what is true for me, is true for me. Truth is subjective.Socrates: Do you really mean that? That my opinion is true by virtue of its being my opinion?Protagoras: Indeed I do.Socrates: My opinion is: Truth is absolute, not opinion, and that you, Mr. Protagoras, are absolutely in error. Since this is my opinion, then you must grant that it is true according to your philosophy.Protagoras: You are quite correct, Socrates.
I am the wisest man alive, for I know one thing, and that is that I know nothing.
As to marriage or celibacy, let a man take which course he will, he will be sure to repent. Be as you wish to seem. Be slow to fall into friendship; but when thou art in, continue firm and constant. By all means, marry. If you get a good wife, you'll become happy; if you get a bad one, you'll become a philosopher.
All things will be produced in superior quantity and quality, and with greater ease, when each man works at a single occupation, in accordance with his natural gifts, and at the right moment, without meddling with anything else.
And what, Socrates, is the food of the soul? Surely, I said, knowledge is the food of the soul.
Any man may easily do harm, but not every man can do good to another.
As the builders say, the larger stones do not lie well without the lesser.
Death is not the worst that can happen to men.
Democracy passes into despotism.
Democracy... is a charming form of government, full of variety and disorder; and dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequals alike.
A true friend is one soul in two bodies. A tyrant must put on the appearance of uncommon devotion to religion. Subjects are less apprehensive of illegal treatment from a ruler whom they consider god-fearing and pious. On the other hand, they do less easily move against him, believing that he has the gods on his side. All human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance, nature, compulsions, habit, reason, passion, desire. All men by nature desire knowledge. Anybody can become angry - that is easy, but to be angry with the right person and to the right degree and at the right time and for the right purpose, and in the right way - that is not within everybody's power and is not easy. At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst. Bring your desires down to your present means. Increase them only when your increased means permit. Change in all things is sweet.