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Civil Rights Protests

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  1. Civil Rights Protests How did African-Americans achieve equality?

  2. Civil Rights Protests • What event started the protests in the South? • Rosa Parks and her refusal to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama

  3. Civil Rights Protests • 1955 Alabama: She was arrested for violating the segregation law • This incident inspired a major protest • Montgomery Bus Boycott: African Americans refused to ride the city buses for 381 days

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  5. Civil Rights Protests • 1954: The Brown v. Board of Education decision comes out, integrating public schools • By 1957 states had not integrated and were hesitant to do so. Little Rock, Arkansas would be the first place to integrate • The Governor of Arkansas was opposed to this and called the National Guard to stop 9 black children from attending school in the capital city of Little Rock

  6. Civil Rights Protests • President Eisenhower will not let that happen and orders those same National Guard soldiers to protect the “Little Rock 9” • Schools in the south slowly begin to integrate

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  8. Civil Rights Protests • 1961: African Americans begin “Freedom Rides” from the North to the deep South • They were protesting the segregation law on buses traveling across state lines • They were beaten, buses set on fire, and some evacuated for safety. In the end it proved successful as an act of civil disobedience

  9. Civil Rights Protests • 1963 Alabama: MLK tries to integrate Birmingham, considered to be the most segregated city in America • Police used dogs and fire hoses to break up the protest march. Over 2,000 African Americans were arrested

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  11. Civil Rights Protests • 1963 Washington D.C: MLK leads 200,000 people on a march to the Lincoln Memorial to show support for a new civil rights law • “I have a dream” speech given

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  13. Civil Rights Protests • Some groups encouraged violent riots to achieve change • Black Panthers: Group of African-Americans who followed Malcolm X and used violence in their protests. “Black Power” • Protests continue until the gov’t steps in

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