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Uruguay’s Second National Communication to the Parties in the UNFCCC. CGE Global Hands-on Training Workshop on Mitigation Assessments Seoul, Republic of Korea, 26-30 September 2005. Climate Change Unit National Environment Directorate Ministry of Housing, Territorial Regulation and Environment.

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uruguay s second national communication to the parties in the unfccc
Uruguay’s Second National Communication to the Parties in the UNFCCC

CGE Global Hands-on Training Workshop on Mitigation AssessmentsSeoul, Republic of Korea, 26-30 September 2005

Climate Change UnitNational Environment DirectorateMinistry of Housing, Territorial Regulation and Environment

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Second National Communication
  • Prepared within the framework of the “Institutional Strengthening for the Preparation of Uruguay’s Second National Communication to the Conference of the Parties in the UNFCCC” project, funded by GEF, implemented by UNDP
  • Using the new Guidelines approved in COP-8 for the preparation of national communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention
  • Published in May 2004 and presented during the 20th Subsidiary Bodies meetings:
    • 10 years from the UNFCCC entry into force
    • 10 years from the Climate Change Unit creation
  • Initial National Communication presented in 1997
slide4
“Measures to implement the Convention”: Preparation of the Program of General Measures for Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change (PMEGEMA) in Uruguay

Objective: To identify a set of measures oriented to reduce net emissions of GHG and to facilitate adaptation to climate change

  • Prepared by sectoral and cross-sectoral specialists with the active participation of working groups, including representatives from national and local organizations.
  • Process done in permanent consultation with stakeholders from governmental and non-governmental organizations, as well as private and academic representatives.

It was a great challenge, but is one of the main lessons learned: the importance of involving all stakeholders

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Program of General Measures for Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change (PMEGEMA)
  • Submission to national authorities (decision makers) for review and comments.
  • The MVOTMA has declared of Ministerial Interest the implementation of the measures contained in the PMEGEMA (R.M.420/2003, 26 November 2003)

Facilitates the procurement of external resources

It was a great challenge, but is one of the main lessons learned: the importance of political support

In the framework of the preparation of the Initial National Communication, the ENPEP model was applied to assess the impact of mitigation options on GHG emissions from the Energy Sector: first step to focus on specific measures

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As a result of this process, the Second National Communication includes: MITIGATION measures for the following sectors:
    • Agriculture
    • Forestry
    • Waste
    • Energy
    • Transportation

Measures selection process:

  • preliminary identification according to the potential of reducing national GHG emissions
  • screening process, based on other criteria (environmental benefits, barriers, costs)
  • the selected measures were thoroughly described; financially and economically evaluated; and social, fiscal and environmental impacts were assessed
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Agriculture

* Improvement of animal diet by extending seeded pastures and improved fields

Mitigation measures

Forestry

* To further Carbon capture through planted forests

Waste

* Substitution of anaerobic ponds of industrial effluent treatment to intensive anaerobic processes

* Operation of new sanitary landfills in Montevideo and Canelones

slide8

Energy

* Efficiency improvement in:

residential and commercial use equipment

building design

industrial and service sectors

lighting in residential and service sectors

* Expansion of renewable non-conventional energies (eolic park and biodiesel)

Mitigation Measures

Transportation

* Optimization of urban transportation system of Montevideo

*Utilization of CNG and LPG in: cars and cabs, buses and trucks

* Use of bicycles and construction of bicycle lanes

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First investment project for the GHG mitigation in Uruguay, with co-partnership of the Ministry of Housing, Territorial Regulation and Environment, the Municipality of Maldonado, the private enterprise that operates the sanitary landfill, the Electric Governmental Enterprise (UTE), the GEF, WB and UNDP

Involvement of all these stakeholders is a challenge, but it is the way to make it possible !

Landfill Methane Recovery Demonstration Project

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Luis Santos

Coordinator

Climate Change Unit

Uruguay

lsantos@cambioclimatico.gub.uy

www.cambioclimatico.gub.uy

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