Multiculturalism In Australia. By Vanessa Locke, Dina Danias, Katie Glynn and Jacqueline Rogers. What is Multiculturalism. Multiculturalism is the doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country. Al Grassby .
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Multiculturalism In Australia By Vanessa Locke, Dina Danias, Katie Glynn and Jacqueline Rogers
What is Multiculturalism • Multiculturalism is the doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country.
Al Grassby • Al Grassby is considered the father of multiculturalism. The reason for this is because in 1972 when he became Minister of Immigration. • While being Minister of Immigration he was considered “A one person propaganda” reasons for this is because he acknowledged the benefits of multiculturalism and strived to increase migration from non- English speaking countries.
Multiculturalism Facts • This country was built by people from many different national backgrounds, and has followed an active policy of multiculturalism since 1972. To what extent is Australia a tolerant and inclusive society? How has cultural diversity shaped this country’s national identity? These are some of the questions raised about Australians multicultural society. • Indigenous peoples have been living in Australia for some 50,000 years, scientists believe. All other Australians (about 97 per cent) have been settlers or their descendants for more than 200 years. • Since the end of World War II, more than 600,000 people have arrived under humanitarian programs, as displaced persons and refugees – about 10 per cent of our total migrant numbers.
During the 1990s Australia received 900,000 migrants and in 2000-03 more than 93,900 people arrived to settle in Australia. In addition, Australia is one of only a few countries that operate a dedicated offshore resettlement program, which accepts the world’s most needy and desperate people. The program makes available 12,000 new places for refugee and humanitarian entrants each year.
Difficulties Experienced By Migrants • When migration was first introduced to Australia the Australian population did not support the decision of the government. Because of this migrants coming to live in Australia experienced: • Racism • Discrimination • Abuse • Difficulties in finding employment • Exclusion
Australia as a Multicultural Society • Australia is often perceived as a multicultural nation and according to the definition of multiculturalism it fulfills the requirement of having several nations coexisting. • However it is the ratio of these nations which lends to doubts of Australia's Multiculturalism. As evident in the table below of Australia's population approximately 71% are Australian born, leaving only 30% of the population to be culturally diverse. • Also the second an third highest birthplaces for Australian citizens is the United Kingdom and New Zealand two nations which would have seemly similar cultures to Australia, reducing Australia's cultural diversity.
Australia’s Success In Multiculturalism • The Australian post-war immigration program was an exercise in nation building and established Migration. The reason for Australia’s success in Migration is mainly because Australian culture is said to be ‘egalitarian’. From Migration comes multiculturalism. • The Australian society is said to be proud to live in a cohesive and inclusive society in which cultures, languages and religions of millions of Australians have transformed the social and cultural landscape. There has been very little conflict as a result of multiculturalism and migration; hence this proves that Australia has been successful in migration. • Another reason for Australia’s success is that Australia’s Federal Governments have established and funded organisations such as; The Australian Institute of Multicultural Affairs, The Office of Multicultural Affairs, The Bureau of Immigration, and Multicultural & Population Research. Organisations such as these assist migrants with their new life and allow them to become able in functioning in their new environment. Australia is a nation of migrants with over 6 million immigrants since the end of WWII. Australia is one of the most culturally diverse societies in the world, with over 40% either born overseas or had at least one parent born overseas.
Bibliography • http://www.spinneypress.com.au/214%20Multiculturalism%20in%20Australia.htmln accessed 29/7 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al_Grassby accessed 5/8