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Yoga for the Special Child®
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  1. Yoga for the Special Child® Yana Kofman, PT DPT Pediatric Therapy & Yoga of Morris 14 Elm Street Morristown New Jersey thewholechildnj@gmail.com http://thewholechildnj.health.officelive.com

  2. Background Sonia began using yoga as a therapy for her younger daughter in 1972 in Brazil Today considered an authority in the yoga community for children with special needs Spreads message of love and teaches us to accept reality joyfully and how to achieve and maintain our inner peace

  3. Yoga for Special Child Method® • Therapeutic hands-on • An integrated system of Hatha yoga Asanas (poses) • Age and developmentally appropriate • Eye exercises • Specialized breathing exercises (Pranayama) • Music and sound therapy • Relaxation techniques 

  4. Yoga Session • No special equipment • Thick towel or blanket • Yoga routine depends on the age of child and degree of motor impairment • Each routine corresponds to a particular stage in the child's development

  5. Pranayama (Controlled Breathing) • Mindful breathing is free • You can practice it anywhere • Concentrating on breath, especially inhalation helps to be in the present moment

  6. Eye Exercises (Netra Vyayamam) • Strengthens eye muscles • Relieves eyestrain • Improves eyesight

  7. Is my child functioning at his/her Optimal Potential Strong conviction on the parents’ part that their child has the potential to improve. Essential ingredient to the success of the program Letting go of fears and negativity

  8. Yoga for Children • Improved Concentration • Eye Focus • Balance/Coordination • Muscle Strength/Tone • Motor Planning • Improved Digestion • Non-competitive manner • Emphasis on Harmony

  9. Benefits Continued • Yoga facilitates the development of Body and Spatial Awareness • Yogic breathing exercises have a beneficial effect on the central nervous system • Concentration and Memory • All of which are vital skills for a child with a developmental delays

  10. Benefits of Yoga Build mutual trust and self confidence Yoga poses (Asanas) Stretch, Tone & Strengthen the entire body Benefit the Internal Organs Helps to balance and revitalize the endocrine glands S. Sumar. 1998 Yoga for the Special Child.

  11. Connection with oneself • Yoga allows the child to learn to care for and condition her/his body without the stress of competition • Yoga is a great complement to other therapies • Yoga is Self-guided • Builds Self-Esteem • Builds Confidence • Teaches Self-Control

  12. Yoga Benefits for Teens Relieves stress and anxiety Increases Flexibility Balances and strengthens the hormonal systems Increases lubrication of the joints, ligaments and tendons Stimulates and massages all of the organs of the body Detoxificates the body Flushes out toxins from the body

  13. Yoga Benefits for Teens Increases blood supply throughout the body Delayed aging, energy and a remarkable passion for life Excellent toning of the muscles-Muscles that have become flaccid or weak are stimulated repeatedly to shed excess flab and flaccidity Harmonizes the mind with the body Yoga through mediation works remarkably to achieve this harmony and helps the mind work in sync with the body

  14. Impact on Learning Decrease stress levels Improve academic performance Improve participation during recess and in organized sports Develop enthusiasm for learning

  15. Benefits of Yoga -PHYSIOLOGICAL- Assists neuromuscular-development Increases balance, body awareness and coordination Develops a strong and flexible body Reduces injuries and improves performance Relaxes the body and promotes better sleep Encourages midline crossing (motor development on both sides of the body) Improves digestion and strengthens the immune system

  16. Benefits of Yoga -MIND- Relieves anxiety, tension & stress Promotes thinking and memory Increases concentration, focus and attention span Calms and quiets the mind Balances energy levels it brings hyperactivity to center & lethargic kids wake up

  17. Benefits of Yoga -SPIRIT- • Builds confidence and self-esteem • Enhances team skills and social interaction • Develops discipline • Inspires respect for self and others and self control • Stimulates positive attitudes • Encourages a fit and healthy lifestyle

  18. Beyond Expectations To see beyond preconceived notions and external appearances. Transform our lives and those of our children. May all the parents of children with special needs develop the ability to help them to experience true peace and happiness S.Sumar1998 Yoga for the Special Child.

  19. References • www.specialyoga.com • Damiano DL, DeJong SL. A systematic review of the effectiveness of treadmill training and body weight support in pediatric rehabilitation. Journal Neurology Physical Therapy. 2009 Mar;33(1):27-44. Review. • Eberhard Y, Eterradossi J, Rapacchi B. Physical aptitudes to exertion in children with Down's syndrome. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research. 1989. (33), 167-174. • Galantino, ML. Galbavy, R. Quinn, L. (2008). Therapeutic effects of yoga for children: a systematic  review of  literature. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 20(1), pp. 66-80.  • Kenny, M. ( 2002) Intergrated movement therapy: yoga based therapy as a viable and effective intervention for autism spectrum and related disorders. International Journal of Yoga Therapy, p.12, pp. 71-79. • Ming, x. Brimacombe, M. & Wagner, G. ( 2007). Prevalence of motor impairment in autism spectrum disorders. Brain and Development, p.29, pp.565-570.  • LaForme Fiss, A.C., Effgen, S. K., Page, J. & Shasby, S. Effect of Sensorimotor groups on gross motor acquisition for young children with Down Syndrome. Pediatric Physical Therapy. 2009; 21(2): 158-166. • Schieve LA, Boulet SL, Boyle C, Rasmussen SA, Schendel D. Health children 3 to 17 years of age with Down Syndrome in the 1997-2005 national health interview survey. Pediatrics. 2009 Feb;123(2):e253-60. • Shields N, Taylor NF, Dodd KJ. 2008. Archives of Physical Medicine Rehabilitation. Effects of a community-based progressive resistance training program on muscle performance and physical function in adults with Down syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. July: 89(7):1215-20. • Sonia Sumar. 1998. Yoga for the Special Child: A Therapeutic Approach for Infants and Children with Down Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, and Learning Disabilities.

  20. Questions/Comments I am very grateful and ever inspired by my Teacher, Sonia Sumar, to apply Yoga's amazing benefits to each and every child.  I hope to continue discovering each child's unlimited hidden potential through mind, body and spirit. Light Peace Love Joy Yana

  21. Contact Information • Yana Kofman, PT DPT Pediatric Physical Therapist Yoga for the Special Child® Practitioner • Direct Line (201) 213 – 1294 • Email: thewholechildnj@gmail.com • Website: http://thewholechildnj.health.officelive.com