Lord of the Flies Anna, Dennis, Eva, Isabel , Jessie, Louis, Stanley, Sylvia
Background of The Story Anna • Division of the Tribes: Ralph Louis • Division of the Tribes: Jack Stanley • Marxism Isabel • Character Analysis Dennis • Symbol Jessie and Eva • The text and The World Conclusion Sylvia Kate’s Response Next Week
Story and author’s background -1 1939-1945 World War II 1940-1945 Golding joined Royal Navy of England 1954 Lord of the Flies published in England
Story and author’s background -2 1939-1945 World War II 1940-1945 Golding joined Royal Navy of England - experienced the real-life violence and brutality - "When I was young, before the war, I did have some airy-fairy views about man. But I went through the war and that changed me. The war taught me different and a lot of others like me," 1954 Lord of the Flies published in England
Story and author’s background -3 1939-1945 World War II 1940-1945 Golding joined Royal Navy of England 1954 Lord of the Flies published in England -Theme: Golding attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature.
Piggy: “We did everything just the way grown-ups would have. Why didn’t it work?” (01:13:55) Our thesis Even though the boys tried to borrow the rules from the previous world in order to form their own society on the island ; however, they didn't realize that the condition was different. Thus, the previous superstructure doesn't work on this island.
Division of the Tribes I. The Formation of the Initial Tribe(Ralph’s tribe) Starts from nothing (the shipwreck) Boy military school The absence of adulthood One unity (Jack’s consensus of setting the fire)
Division of the Tribes The nostalgia (mocking) of the former ideology Hierarchy (army song) Conch Election Demerit Making fire/ haunting pig
Division of the Tribes The Downfall of Ralph’s camp The went-down of the campfire Ideology only, no force The condition of kids (pleasure principle) Fairness (division of labor) (01:01:39) The shifts of hegemony Adult, military school,
Division of the Tribes Hegemony is the process by which a dominant class wins the willing consent of the subordinate classes to the system that ensures their subordination. The consent must be constantly won and rewon, for people’s material social experience constantly reminds them of the disadvantages of subordination and this poses a constant threat to the dominant class” (Fiske).
Division of the Tribes: Jack Stanley
Jack’s disbelief in getting rescued -- “You better start learning to live with yourself because we ain’t gonna get rescued. ...Who’s going to find us?” (0:14:57) Ralph defends Piggy -- Peter: Jack says we’re never going to be rescued. Ralph: No, you misunderstood him. That’s not what he meant. Jack: That’s exactly what I meant. Ralph: Don’t listen to him. We will be rescued, peter. (0:28:43)
Ralph’s overgeneralization -- Imposing all the faults on Jack and his partners. R: If you guys hadn’t let the god damn fire go out, they would have seen it. J: We were hunting. (40:47) R: Great. Killed a pig. You fucked up. we could have been rescued. J: I’m sick of your shit and so is my gang. R: your gang? J: If you know what’s good for you, you’ll stop trying to run everything. I’m sick of all of this shit.
Ralph’s incapabilityof satisfying kids’ appetite for the meat and for fun -- J: I’m making another camp for hunters and guys who want to have fun. …When you other brats get older or hungry, you can come join up. (41:55) -- J: We killed a pig today. There’s going to be a feast. You can eat with us if you want to. (59:17) -- R: You think one lousy meal’s worth not getting rescued. … J: Join my camp and have all the meat you want. R: We don’t want your meat. (Piggy’s eating.) (1:02:05)
Jack’s integration of Ideologies and force Being highly executive, overwhelmingly dominant Get the meat, fire (means of production) Rules (e.g. whipping the kid) There’s going to be a feast. You can eat with us if you want to. “Go on, now.” The chief has spoken. The chief has spoken.
Potential Downfall of Jack’s Tribe Elimination of heterogeneities -- internecine result, in order to suppress different voices -- Possible assumption: If other kids knew Sam and Eric were not loyal enough to Jack’s tribe, the twins might be severely punished and even killed. -- J: Is anything over there? Sam & Eric: No. Nothing. (12:23:13) Forest fire
Marxism • Base – the methods of production • Superstructure – generates the social, political, and ideological system (the values, art, and rules, ect.)
The relation of base & superstructure superstructure base Superstructure- formed by the base Base – controls the superstructre
The form of the society • Borrowed the superstructure of the previous world. As As’ Ab Bb A – previous world B – the world on the island ‘ – not the original one
The form of the society 2. The division of the two tribe. Bb Bb’ ‘ – not the original one
The form of the society 3. The reform of their own superstructure. As’ Bs Bb Bb’
The form of the society Civilizedlife on the island As As’ Bs Ab Bb Bb’ A – previous world B – the world on the island
Character Analysis Dennis
Ralph Ralph • Representation of civilization; tries to build a miniature democratic society (Ego) • Believes in the adult; waiting to be rescued • To survive: establish order, maintain peace, distribution of work • Goes through changes; loses innocence at the end when rescued
Piggy • Also a representation of civilization, intelligence and rationality (superego) • Assists Ralph in decision making; using the conch, regulations, etc. • Believes they will be rescued • Dislike by many boys, they just want to have fun • Piggy’s death- destruction of society
Jack • Representation of savagery and violence, contrast to Ralph (Id) • Contains himself only in the beginning; driven by total control & power • Tries to do what he thinks is best; result rather than process • Manipulates and controls other boys, using their fear
Twins- Sam/Eric • Not as cruel or barbaric as Jack and his gang • Used by Jack; the need for food and survival • Doesn’t believe in the “monster” • Helps Ralph escape
Simon • Prophet; sees things to come • Special bond with nature; innate goodness within him • Different from Ralph and Jack • Takes care of other younger boys and Benson • Not a follower • Death of Simon, vanishing of goodness
Symbol Jessie and Eva
Flies: flies fly around the rotten pig’s head is like the children who obey a leader without any reasonable reason
Pig’s head: For Jack’s group, hanging the pig’s head is a solution of dealing with unknown fear
Phenomena of “Blind and Follow” A. Shopping Bag of Enya Hindmarch • phenomenon of making lines • people do not really know why they do this, they just do it blindly • ideological control • Limited edition
Phenomena of “Blind and Follow” B. Contagious Laughing in Class -- afraid to be abandoned by people -- peer pressure -- they do not see the reasons in doing it
Phenomena of “Blind and Follow” C. Collecting dolls (McDonald’s ) and Collecting toys ( 7-11 ) -- ideological control ( rare and special, a must-have ) -- obsessed with certain ideology
Phenomena of “Blind and Follow” D. 3 college students robbed a foreign labor -- influenced by “bounding power” ( some joined the fight and some did not ) -- controlled by “id”, impulsive behaviors -- “superego” has been repressed
Conclusion • When we are under “peer pressure” and “bounding power”, it is extremely crucial to make our own judgments and not to be controlled by the ideologies created by the crowds.
Kate’s Response Between Collectivity and Individual Will • If complete autonomy or freedom from ideology is impossible, we try to discuss and negotiate their ‘meanings’ from within. • Instead of being fixed on a certain position, we try to think and judge and adjust ourselves all the time among the competing hegemonies. • Instead of being completely disciplined and used, we try to use the regulatory power on us ‘meaningfully.’ • But are there times when discussion does not work, and power means violence? (ref. Robinson Crusoe; The Coral Island -Ralph, Jack and Peterkin)
Jack’s group “Monster” Robs the survival knife -- “Home” chant, Monster-Hunting ritual; Denies the conch, kills Simon -- Whipping 3. Robs the glasses -- Kills Piggy -- Hunt for Ralph Ralph and Piggy No monster—many left “you have no right.”—Simon checks out on the cave; R&P go talk to them (1st time) Simon killed. (accordion) 3. “You’ve got no right” go talk to them (2nd time) Piggy’s death 4. -- Ralph alone * goes talk to the twins “all his slaves” (3rd time) Ralph hunted. Violence vs. Rationality