Events Leading to Equality. 28.1 & 28.3. Why Demands for Equality Grew. 1. African Americans migrated North after the Civil War Some become prominent, Gain political power & influence
28.1 & 28.3
1. African Americans migrated North after the Civil War
Some become prominent, Gain political power & influence
2. Roosevelt’s New Deal: Tried to gain African American support through votes. Many worked for federal gov. through new programs
3. WWII: African Americans gained employment, Holocaust brings up racial issues in U.S.
4. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: challenged segregation in court
Thurgood Marshall- “Mr. Civil Rights” leads Legal Defense Fund, Oliver Hill- teamed w/ Marshall
Outcome?In Alabama, riders were attacked and the bus was fire bombed. Attorney General Robert Kennedy sent U.S. marshals to ensure the safety of the riders. The governor declared martial law and called in the National Guard.
Solution? A second march was attempted on March 9th, led by Martin Luther King, Jr. He violated a court order forbidding the March.
Outcome? On March 15th President Johnson asked Congress to pass the Voting Rights Act. He told Governor Wallace that the federal government would protect the marchers with the National Guard. The final march was on March 21st.
Outcome? Federal examiners were sent to register black voters where it was determined that local registrars had been obstructive. By the end of 1965, nearly a quarter of a million new black voters had registered.
The FBI investigated the crime. James Earl Ray was arrested and convicted of the crime.