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Preparing for Pandemic Influenza Public Health - Seattle & King County . Agenda. Overview History of Pandemics Current Avian Influenza Outbreak Potential Impacts of a Pandemic Preparedness Strategies. Definitions.

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Presentation Transcript
agenda
Agenda
  • Overview
  • History of Pandemics
  • Current Avian Influenza Outbreak
  • Potential Impacts of a Pandemic
  • Preparedness Strategies
definitions
Definitions
  • An epidemic - is an increase in disease above what you what would normally expect
  • A pandemic - is a worldwide epidemic
why are we talking about pandemic influenza
Why Are We Talking About Pandemic Influenza?
  • Pandemics are inevitable – occur throughout history at regular intervals
  • There will be little warning
  • Outbreaks will occur simultaneously in many areas – everyone is at risk
why are we talking about pandemic influenza5
Why Are We Talking About Pandemic Influenza?
  • Potential for high levels of:
    • Sickness and Death
    • Disruption of critical services
    • Economic loss
  • Pandemics can disproportionately effect younger people (ages 18 – 40)
  • Impacts will last for weeks to months
us deaths in previous pandemics
US Deaths in Previous Pandemics
  • 1918 - 19: 500,000 - 650,000
  • 1957- 58: 70,000
  • 1968 - 69: 34,000
  • Typical annual influenza season: 36,000
1918 influenza pandemic
1918 Influenza Pandemic
  • Spread around the globe in 4 - 6 months
  • At least 40 - 50 million people died worldwide
  • Death rate 25 times higher than previous epidemics
  • Pandemic affected and killed younger, healthy people
current outbreak of avian influenza h5n1 across several continents
Current Outbreak of Avian Influenza (H5N1) Across Several Continents
  • No sustained person-to-person

transmission

  • Outbreak not controlled
  • No pre-existing immunity in humans
potential impacts of pandemic influenza in king county
Potential Impacts of Pandemic Influenza in King County
  • 245,000 - 612,000 clinically ill
  • 180,000 - 470,000 outpatient medical visits
  • 24,400 - 57,200 people hospitalized
  • Up to 11,500 dead
pandemic impact
Pandemic Impact

Health Care System

  • Extreme staffing shortages
  • Shortage of beds, facility space, supplies
  • Hospital morgues, Medical Examiner and mortuary services overwhelmed

Infrastructure

  • Significant disruption of transportation, public works, commerce, utilities, energy, and communications, emergency response
pandemic impact17
Pandemic Impact

Government and Businesses

  • High absenteeism – 25%-35% of workforce affected
  • Challenges getting to / from worksite
  • Psychological impacts on workforce will be extreme
  • Economic losses will be extreme and long term
what about antiviral drugs and vaccine
What about antiviral drugs and vaccine?
  • Antiviral agents
    • Effective in preventing illness
    • Can prevent severe complications
    • May not be effective against pandemic virus
    • Limited supply
  • Vaccine
    • Will take 6-8 months to produce
    • 2 doses needed
pandemic flu planning for individuals and families
Pandemic Flu Planning for Individuals and Families
  • To plan for a pandemic:
  • Have sufficient food, water and other items to be able to remain at home for sustained periods. Don’t forget your pets!
  • Have sufficient medication on hand – pharmacies and other health care providers will be understaffed
  • Talk with family members about how they would be cared for if they got sick and what they would need to be cared for at home
pandemic flu planning for individuals and families21
Pandemic Flu Planning for Individuals and Families
  • Volunteer with local groups to prepare and assist with an emergency
  • Get involved!
influenza prevention what can we do
Influenza Prevention: What Can We Do?
  • Stay home when sick
  • Respiratory & hand hygiene:
  • Cover your cough
  • Wash hands and/or

use alcohol hand gel

  • Avoid touching eyes, nose, mouth
  • Plan and Prepare
pandemic flu planning for individuals and families23
Pandemic Flu Planning for Individuals and Families
  • Limit the spread of germs and prevent infection:
  • Teach children to wash hands frequently and model correct behavior
  • Teach children to cover coughs and sneezes and model correct behavior
  • Teach children to stay away from others if they are sick
  • Stay home if you are sick
pandemic flu planning for individuals and families25
Pandemic Flu Planning for Individuals and Families
  • Examples of Items to have on hand for an extended stay at home:
  • Ready to eat food (canned meats, soup, fruit)
  • Protein or fruit bars
  • Dried fruit
  • Crackers
  • Bottled water
  • Baby food and formula
  • Pet food
pandemic flu planning for individuals and families26
Pandemic Flu Planning for Individuals and Families
  • Examples of medical, health and emergency supplies:
  • Prescribed medical supplies
  • Soap and water and alcohol-based gel
  • Medicines for fever
  • Thermometer
  • Anti-diarrheal medication
  • Vitamins
pandemic flu planning for individuals and families27
Pandemic Flu Planning for Individuals and Families
  • Examples of supplies, cont:
  • Fluids with electrolytes
  • Cleansing agent/soap
  • Flashlight and batteries
  • Radio
  • Manual can opener
  • Garbage bags
  • Tissues, toilet paper, disposable diapers
pandemic influenza
Pandemic Influenza

“Don’t worry about it, it’s probably just a head cold.”