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Curbside Collection Of Source Separated Organics

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  1. Curbside Collection Of Source Separated Organics George P. Dreckmann Recycling Coordinator City of Madison, Wisconsin

  2. Madison Highlights • 225,000 people • State Capitol and home to the University of Wisconsin • Oldest curbside recycling program in USA • Started collecting newspapers in 1968 • 2010 Diversion Rate of 66.2%

  3. Source Separated OrganicsThe Next Step In Landfill Diversion • Up to 30% of waste now going to landfill • Makes compost • Reduces Green House Gas emissions • Methane 23 times worse as GHG than CO2 • LFG projects capture 50% of methane at best • Lots of methane generated before wells are drilled • Serves as renewable energy source when used in an anaerobic digestion system

  4. SSO? What is that? • Source Separated Organics • Broad category that can include • Food Waste • Meats, fish, veggies, bones, sauces, etc. • Contaminated Paper • Paper towels, napkins and plates • Pizza boxes and waxed cardboard boxes • Pet Waste • Including cat litter • Disposable Diapers

  5. OK Smarty What Are You Going To Do With The Stinky Pile? • Traditional Windrow Composting • Not great in the north • NO2 emissions • Combine With Yard Waste • Better, but still too cold in Wisconsin • Covered Windrow Systems • Gore and AG Bag • Sewerage Treatment Plants • East Bay in California • Anaerobic Digestion

  6. Covered Windrows

  7. What is Anaerobic Digestion?

  8. Why a Digester? • Works in cold climates • Captures all methane • Produces renewable energy • Electricity using generators or fuel cell technology • CNG for vehicles • Pipeline quality natural gas • Compost • Mix with yard waste and cure • Custom soil blends • Bag for retail market

  9. Madison’s Pilot Project • 600 Volunteer Households • Weekly collection of organics • Surveys and Studies • Last for at least one year

  10. Long Term Goal • Divert all SSO through a citywide program • Deliver material to an anaerobic digester • Generate electricity using fuel cell technology

  11. Resources • Collection Programs • http://www6.sfgov.org/index.aspx?page=20 • http://www.toronto.ca/garbage/index.htm • http://www.seattle.gov/util/Services/Yard/index.asp • Compost Programs • http://www.cedar-grove.com/organics/default.htm • http://whiteoakfarmorganics.com/ • Digesters • http://www.biofermenergy.com/us/

  12. Madison’s Home CompostProgram

  13. Multifaceted Program • Bin Sales • Classes and Education • Schools • Master Composters • Community Gardens • Coming This Spring • You Tube

  14. Bin Sale

  15. 21 Years of Bin Sales • Started with a pilot program in 1989 • The first year did a give away of 2,000 • Second year subsidized the price by $8 • Sold over 30,000 home compost bins • Mostly Earth Machines • This fall trying • Spring sales • Doing a spring and fall sale this year

  16. Classes and Education • Spring and Fall Classes • Held at libraries and community centers • Neighborhood association meetings • Web Page • http://www.cityofmadison.com/streets/compost/howto.cfm • Class Video • How To Information • Literature • Community Events

  17. Schools • Farm-To-School Program • School Gardens • Worm Composting • Teacher In Service Training

  18. Master Composters • Joint Project • Dane County Extension • University of Wisconsin Extension • Train Trainers • Corp of Volunteers for Community Events • Fee reimbursed when they meet volunteer requirements

  19. Community Gardens • Network of gardens all across the city • Plots rented through local non-profit • Most are used for growing food for home • Some gardeners sell at local farmer’s markets • Education of gardeners • Setting up community compost bins

  20. Contact Information • George Dreckmann, Recycling Coordinator • 608-267-2626 • FAX 608-267-1120 • gdreckmann@cityofmadison.com • Web Site • www.cityofmadison.com/streets