Sentence Structure Mrs. Chawanna Chambers Pre-AP/TAG English 8
Simple Sentence • Contains only one clause • Examples • “Ice melts.” • “The ice melts quickly.” • “The ice on the river melts quickly under the warm March sun.” • Use these sentences when you want to close an argument or grab the reader’s attention, but use them sparingly.
Compound Sentence • Consists of two or more independent clauses joined together by a coordinating conjunction. • Example • Simple: Texas is a great state. It has a plethora of racial tension. • Compound: Texas is a great state, but it has a plethora of racial tension. • Use these sentences when you want to compare or contrast items or show a balance.
Complex Sentence • Consists of one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Clauses are not equal. • Example • Simple: Jessica finished her dialectical journal. She does not want to turn it in. • Complex: Although Jessica finished her dialectical journal, she does not want to turn it in. • These sentences show the reader which idea is most important. Dependent Independent
Compound-Complex Sentence • Joins two complex sentences together with a semicolon OR joins a simple sentence and a complex sentence with a conjunction. • Examples • Simple and Complex: Jessica received an ‘A’ on the assignment, but the teacher struggled with the grade before she saw Jessica’s extra notes. • Two Complex: Regardless of Jessica’s worry, she turned in the assignment; after careful review, however, the teacher awarded her with an ‘A’. Simple Dependent Independent Dependent Independent Dependent Independent
Sentence Structure in Context • With a partner, locate several examples of sentence structure variety in the text you are currently reading. Underline and annotate them within the text. • On a T-Chart, record the various sentences on the left. Your right section is where you will analyze the author’s use of a particular structure and how it affects the sentence meaning.
Reference Megginson, David. The Structure of a Sentence. The Writing Centre. Retrieved 1 September 2010. <http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/sntstrct.html>