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About Fashion. New York City has been the fashion capital of the United States throughout the nation's history Toronto and Montréal have vied for dominance in Canada’s fashion industry. For many years North American fashion was dependent on the creative leadership of Europe, especially Paris.

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about fashion
About Fashion
  • New York City has been the fashion capital of the United States throughout the nation's history
  • Toronto and Montréal have vied for dominance in Canada’s fashion industry.
  • For many years North American fashion was dependent on the creative leadership of Europe, especially Paris.
  • Paris remained the international capital of women’s fashion from the 17th century until well into the 20th century.
  • London was the capital of fine menswear from the 18th century until the 1950s.
  • New York meanwhile became the capital of ready-to-wear men's clothing.
  • Over the course of the 20th century,however, the fashion industries in the United States and Canada have moved beyond their dependence on Paris and London.
fashion advertising

Fashion Advertising

Focuses heavily on image

Words are less important than photos

Population is more interested in seeing clothes than in reading about them

Copy is most frequently found in cosmetic and shampoo ads

must sell the feel of fashion
Must sell the “feel” of fashion
  • Fashion is emotion
  • To learn it, you must experience it and live with it
  • As copywriter, it is your job to pick up where the photograph leaves off
  • You must give the reader the feel of the fashion
  • To do this:
    • placing photo in an inviting background,
    • using target catching colors,
    • exceptional headlines and
    • Almost poetic body copy (when needed)
consider fashion in 2 ways
Consider Fashion in 2 ways:
  • 1- Advertisements for exclusive stores and high fashion magazines
    • Vogue, Harper’s Bazaar
  • 2- volume selling in department stores and moderate-priced stores
high fashion advertisement characteristics
High Fashion advertisement characteristics
  • Appeal to prestige
  • Strive toward mood and illusion
  • Details are secondary
  • Make reader feel they are influencing fashion rather than being influenced by it
  • Copy is brief and enhanced by dramatic artwork
  • Typefaces are very distinct
  • Words are highly dramatic and descriptive
  • Usually written in 3rd person
  • Make no real attempt to “sell” the merchandise- merely showcasing “pretty”
volume fashion advertising
Volume-Fashion advertising
  • High-Fashion ads are designed to set the pace
  • Volume-Fashion ads are directed to selling to people who must keep the pace
  • Must:
    • Attract attention
    • Hold interest
    • Create desire
    • Provide solution
    • Call to action
    • Give satisfaction for money spent
volume fashion advertising characteristics
Volume-Fashion Advertising Characteristics
  • Help buyer feel he/she is buying and wearing the new smart style- keeping pace
  • Emphasize what is new
  • Trendy because you are following what is popular to others
  • Sell the store or label in addition to the clothing
  • Show merchandise in practical use common to the target
  • Answer practical questions such as wearing qualities, washability, price and so on
  • Gives more stress to price- DON’T base copy soley on price though
  • BIGGEST difference between high and volume fashion is the amount of copy
fashion advertising to male population
Fashion Advertising to Male Population
  • Fashion trends change much slower for men
  • However, this is an ever increasing market in fashion as shows with emergence of Esquire, GQ, and Cargo
  • Three distinct male markets
male fashion markets
Male Fashion Markets
  • 1- still conservative, young-man-on-the-move market
  • Young exec
  • Well-groomed, much the same dress as he has always worn
  • Copy should emphasize the impression the wearer’s clothing will have on his associates
  • Stress what is appropriate, not what is new
male fashion markets11
Male Fashion Markets
  • 2- swinging market
  • Macho male who plays on his attractiveness to females
  • “playboys” highly conscious of styles, eager to try new styles
  • Copy is
    • bolder more descriptive
    • Cater to fantasies of the male
    • directed at him- carries sexual overtones
male fashion markets12
Male Fashion Markets
  • 3-casual market
  • Dress to please self
  • Clothing is easygoing, accent on comfort
  • Copy matches the casual mood
  • Copy does not tell him he “must” dress according to trends, only “suggest” this subtly
  • Preppy, country, grunge (examples)
fashion through the decades
Fashion Through the Decades
  • 1920's
  • The 1920's, probably the most daring decade for men and women alike, revolutionized the fashion world. With the arrival of the 'jazz age' and prohibition, women's skirts rose scandalously to the knees, the hair was cut short in a boyish bob, women shamelessly smoked and drank in public and defied the rigid social status that the early 1900's brought.
  • The waist lines of the dresses dipped to the hips and braziers were worn to bind the breasts giving women a boyish look; a look that commanded power and equality with men. A look called 'The Flapper'.
  • Men's fashion didn't change much in the twenties; if anything, it became more tapered. The trousers tapered down tightly at the ankles. Fedoras were a major fashion statement of the dashing man, and with the arrival of gangsters like Al Capone, pin-striped suits came into fashion.
fashion through the decades15
Fashion Through the Decades
  • 1930's
  • The 1930's came on full force with the arrival of the depression. With the majority of people poor and without work, no one had much money to spend on leisurely things like clothes and shoes.
  • With women entering the work force, they wore business suits, complete with tight skirts with a daring slit in the side or along the back seam.
  • Jackets fit tightly with shoulder pads to accentuate the commanding force women needed to gain a steady hold in the work force full of men.
slide17
1940's
  • As the country recovered from a deep depression, World War II set in. The men went off to war leaving behind women, children and families to earn a living for their family and help the men at war by manufacturing war materials.
  • The fashion for women was to be as conservative as possible so that extra material could be used to support the men at war. Dresses were made without cuffs, collars, buttons or extravagances.
  • Men's suits, previously a four piece deal with vest, jacket, and two pairs of pants, turned into just a jacket and a pair of pants. The suits were usually broad shouldered with wide lapels, along with jackets sporting the double breasted look. Mixing and matching became stylish in this era.
slide19
1950's
  • With the fifties came teenage rebellion. Girls' dresses fluffed out with petticoats and crinolines worn under the skirt. The hair was ratted and flipped and white Keds tennis shoes or saddle shoes, were worn. Some rebellious women wore tight fitting, calf length pants called pedal pushers, with blouses.
  • Boys fashion consisted of tight Levis, Chinos, white or black tight shirts; loafers or Converse shoes with leather jackets. The hair was slicked back with wing tips at the sides or curling in at the middle. James Dean made this look famous in "Rebel Without a Cause."
slide21
1960's
  • With the arrival of the Vietnam war, the Beatles and Joan Baez, came 'flower children', or hippies. They defied the conformity of the 50's fashion code.
  • Both girls and boys wore tight Levis bell-bottoms that flared wide at the knee; and decorations like patches, drawings and fabrics were added as well.
  • Men wore leather vests with bare chests or tee shirts.
  • The women wore loose fitting blouses of cotton, frequently patterned with intricate designs as well as flowery loose dresses. These were called 'peasant blouses.'
  • The basic undertone for the 'flower children' look was to be loose and comfortable yet wearing what you wanted yet still maintaining their protest with their 'counter-culture'( sprinkled with the occasional undertone of illegal drugs, and free love.)
slide23
1970's
  • The 1970's was the disco era. Disco wasn't just a type of music, but a way of life.
  • The men still wore bell bottoms but the fabric of the decade was polyester, acrylic and lycra.
  • Women's dresses were ruffley and loose, usually stopping at the knee.
  • The men wore bell bottoms, a jacket under a solid color shirt with gold chains.
  • Platform shoes were big on the dance floor and shirt patterns were swirled and dizzying.
  • The colors were loud and clashing making a statement that the 70's was the era of 'Saturday Night Fever.'
slide25
1980's
  • The 1980's brought two very different styles in.
  • One style ruled the business world especially with the women. Women's business suits had broader shoulders, with the help of shoulder pads, the suits resembled those of the 30's except with much brighter colors like yellows, blues and pinks.
  • The second fashion fad started with exercise.
  • Exercise became a big deal in the 80's and exercise clothes became bright and worn casually.
  • Lycra and spandex was a big material used, usually colored in brilliant greens and pinks.
slide27
1990's
  • The 90's is a mixture of a whole lot of different styles.
  • Fashion, as it always does, comes and goes. Several decades become fashionable again, then sometimes it gets modified and sometimes it is banned from the fashion world as a monster, an illegitimate child of creativity.
  • The platform shoe has recently come back and shows up in many shoes from sandals to tennis shoes.
  • The color scheme of the 90's is dramatic or pastel. The classic color is black, used for dramatic effects in fashion.
  • Men's fashion, as it has been doing since the twenties, hasn't changed much. The pant legs have become a little bit more loose and the vest has dropped into the limelight.
  • Basically, men's fashion hasn't climbed that far, but it's far from old and outdated. It's serene, classic, dashing elegance has kept it timeless, respected and admired.
slide28

I don’t really need pictures here- Just look at mom’s photo albums when you are home next to see the 90s trends.

project
Project
  • Design a UNIQUE fashion ad for your brand
  • Due Monday March 31st
  • Graded on uniqueness, headline, body copy (if needed), color, logo, overall professional appearance
  • No paper needed- Will explain to class if brand is high or volume, who the target is and your ad strategy