Shanghai Multi-Hazard Early Warning System Demonstration Project World Meteorological Organization (WMO) China Meteorological Administration (CMA) Shanghai Municipal People’s Government (SMG) Shanghai Meteorological Bureau (SMB) Dr. Zhaohong Yuan Deputy Director-general, Shanghai Meteorological Bureau China Meteorological Administration Shanghai 200030, China Zhaohong.Yuan@smb.gov.cn （November 28, 2007）
Introduction to Shanghai MHEWS Progress of Shanghai MHEWS III. Future Activities OUTLINES
Introduction to Shanghai Shanghai is a mega-city situated on the shores of the East China Sea and the Yangtze River Mouth: • Dense population: 18millon • Rapid economic development aiming to be the economic, financial, trade, and transportation center of China. • EXPO 2010 ShanghaiChina (May 1 to Oct 31, 2010) • Theme: Better City, Better Life • To attract 200 official participants and 70 million visitors • Threat of Multi-Hazard to Shanghai frequently affected by natural hazards such as typhoon, heavy rain, lightning, fog, haze, heat-wave, and storm surge.
Multi-hazard Information Database Multi-hazard Detection & Monitoring System Technical level Forecast & Prediction System Assessment & Warning system Evaluation & Feedback from Users and Partners Multi-hazard early warning system Dissemination and User Application System Issuance and Response Standards Management level Teamwork Mechanism for Multi-agency Response Community Safety Programs MHEWS Contents
Three Categories of Hazards I II III Weather and Climate Hazards e.g. Typhoon, Lightning, Severe Storm, Heavy Rainfall, Fog, Haze Weather- and Climate-related Hazards e.g. Storm Surge, Urban Inundation, Human Health, Epidemic Diseases, Air Pollution, Oil Spills, Chemical Gas Leak Other Hazards e.g. Earthquake, Tsunami
Weather Climate Hazard EWS Food Safety EWS Air Pollution EWS Epidemic Diseases EWS Energy Dispatchand Security EWS Warning Subsystems Other Hazard EWS Urban Inundation EWS Aeronautic associated Hazard EWS Coupled specialized models Basic NWP Products Coupled specialized models Heat-Health EWS Marine-associated Hazard EWS e.g. Storm Surge Urban Traffic Security EWS
Role of MHEWS in Shanghai DPM Management System (Decision- Making System) Emergency Response System Multi-Hazard EWS Emergency Response Center Emergency Response/ Mitigation Committee Municipal Government Hot Spot Emergency Management Units District/County Government Basic Grid Units Coordination Affairs Special Social Events e.g. Expo Shanghai 2010 Schools, Enterprises, Factories, Hospitals Villages, Farmers Housing Communities Public
Phases Phase I (Jul. 2007-Jun. 2008) Experience Summarization and Benefit Evaluation Phase II (Sept. 2007-Dec. 2009) System Integration and Development Phase III (Jan. 2010-Oct.2010) Operation and Exhibition during Expo 2010 Shanghai Phase IV (Nov.2010-Jun.2011) Comprehensive Evaluation and Training
1. Establishment of powerful organizations The Shanghai Emergency Response / Mitigation Committee was established on March 5, 2006. It consists of 50 members from various government agencies and departments related to the issues of flooding, severe weather, fire, traffic accidents, chemical accidents, nuclear power accidents, public health, earthquakes, and marine emergencies. SMB is one member of the Emergency Response / Mitigation Committee.
Multi-Hazard early warning framework On October 26, 2006, the 12th Session of the Standing Committee of Shanghai People’s Congress passed “the Measures taken to practice the Meteorological Law of the People’s Republic of China in Shanghai” at the 31st meeting, which makes clear that the obligations and responsibilities of the SMB in natural disaster emergency response and prevention. Prediction Warning Preparedness Multi-Hazard early Warning System Monitoring Mitigation Assistance Rescue Multi-phase Response Framework to Multi-hazard
2. Procedures and Emergency Response Readiness (EmRR) • Establishment of multi-agency cooperation and collaboration mechanism water affairs, transportation, environment protection, public health, food safety, etc • Establishing Jointly Developed and Issued Warning Products Mechanism ---meteorological disaster warning signals issued by SMB ---flooding/typhoon warning signals issued by water affairs
3. Rapid and Efficient Emergency Response Facility a) Emergency Response Center
3. Rapid and Efficient Emergency Response Facility b) Grid Management Strategy EWS Interacts with Supervisor Integrated Information based on GIS in Early Warning System, 317 Supervisors at 111 duty areas with 2,700 Basic Grid Units
3. Rapid and Efficient Emergency Response Facility c) Community Participation • In Shanghai, residential communities actively take part in disaster mitigation exercises every year. people-centered, target audiences, i.e., disadvantaged people. Supported by multi-agencybackup from SMB, residential communities, Civil Affairs Bureau, etc. Residential Community Response Rehearsal
4. Establishment of dissemination system • Seamless and all-reaching information dissemination scheme Identifying SMB’s Distribution Platform as the Shanghai City’s Multi-hazrds Emergency Information Distribution Platform. • Multi-approach TV ：3 TV news channels Radio ：four broadcast frequencies ： AM 990, AM 792, FM 97.6, FM 105.7 Mobile Phone ：400,000 users Hotline：12121, 969221, 969222 (English) Electronic Display Board：14,000 MMTV : in taxi, bus, Metro… Newspaper, Internet, Building TV • All-reaching: public locations, factories, enterprises, schools, hospitals, villages, etc.
5. Local Supporting Projects • “Shanghai Multi-hazard Early Warning systems Project” (Shanghai Municipal Government / China Meteorological Administration) • Shanghai Emergency Response Demonstration Project (China Government) • “Monitoring & Prediction Theory and Method of Flood-causing Rainstorms in South-China” (MOST of China) • “Research on Atmospheric Aerosol and its Climate Impact in China” (MOST of China) • “Research on Dynamic Warning Technology of Severe Convective Weathers in the Expo 2010” (MOST of China and Shanghai Municipal Government) • “Research on Micro-scale Environmental & Meteorological Observation Technology and Integrated Weather Service” (MOST of China and Shanghai Municipal Government)
III Future Activities (Requiring Supports from WMO)
Technology Development and System Integration Mechanism Evaluation and Training Focus on:
Assisting SMB to Establish Cooperative Relationship with Other Agencies, e.g. Chinese Red Cross Establishing Several Supporting Action Plans Focusing on Advanced Techniques and Systems Acquisition and Development, e.g. Storm Surge, Epidemic Diseases, Nowcasting, Mesoscale Ensemble NWP Conducting subprojects to provide the technical support Subproject on Severe Weather Early Warning System(CAS, WWRP /AREP) Subprojecton Early Detectionand Warning Systemfor Tropical Cyclonesand Marine-associated Hazards(JCOMM, MMOP/AMP) SubprojectonAir Pollution Early Warning Subsystem( GURME/GAW/AREP) Subprojectonservice for Shanghai MHEWS( PWSP/AMP) Requiring Supports from WMO
Guidance on Documenting of Shanghai City’s Experiences of Disaster Risk Reduction. Study Tours, Training Curricula and Workshops. Organize a study visit to WMO and some countries which have experiences in EWS. --Early 2008. Organizing training curriculum for Shanghai government agencies, CMA, and SMB about the management and technology of EWS -- Middle of 2008. Workshop on marine-associated hazard EWS, e.g. Storm Surge -- early 2008 Shanghai GURME SSC meeting -- middle 2008 Workshop on typhoon prediction -- late 2008 Workshop on nowcasting -- 2009 The 3rd MHEWS Symposium -- 2010 Training workshop and/or the 2nd JCOMM Symposium on Storm Surges -- 2010 Requiring Supports from WMO