Jordan Flag of Jordan Map of Jordan Presentation made by Tommy Rainville
Hashemite Kingdom General Information • Nationality: Jordanian • Ethnic groups: Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1% • Languages: Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes) • Religions: Sunni Muslim 92% (official), Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shia Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.) • Jordan is about the size of Indiana.
General Information cont. • Population: 6,508,271 (July 2011 est.) • Birth Rate: 0.984% (2011 est.) • Capital: Amman • Sex Ratio: 1.06, more men till around 65 years old then the ratio changes from 1.06 to .97 • Life Expectancy: 79.5 years old • 81 years for female, 78 for male. • HIV/AIDS: fewer then 500 people have it • Mortality Rate:15.83 deaths/per 1,000 live births To the left is a part of Jordan’s desert. To the other left it one of Jordan’s cliffs along the 26 miles of ocean that this country borders.
Physical map Geography Jordan • Location: Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq • Area: 89,342 sq km • Natural Resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil • Terrain: mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River • Highest elevation: Jabal Umm ad Dami(mountain) 1,854 m • Natural Hazards: droughts; periodic earthquakes • Environmental current issues: limited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Government • Type: “constitutional monarchy”, the stability has gone down in the past year due to the Arab awakening • Independence day: Independence Day, 25 May (1946) • Legal system: mixed legal system of civil law and Islamic religious law; judicial review of legislative acts in a specially provided High Tribunal • Chief of State: King Abdullah II (since 7 February 1999); Crown Prince Hussein (born 28 June 1994), eldest son of King Abdullah II • Head of government: Prime Minister Awn Shawkat Khasawnah (since 24 October 2011); Deputy Prime Minister Tawfiq Kreishan (since 2 July 2011) • Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the monarch; note - on 1 February 2011 the King dismissed the cabinet and designated Marouf al-Bakhit the new prime minister • National Symbol: The Eagle Jordan's King Abdullah II An eagle
Economy • GDP: $34.53 billion (2010 est.) • GDP real growth rate: 3.1% (2010 est.) • Population below poverty line: 14.2% (2002) • Unemployment rate: 12.5% (2010 est.) • Public debt: 61.2% of GDP (2010 est.) • Agricultural products: citrus, tomatoes, cucumbers, olives, strawberries, stone fruits; sheep, poultry, dairy • Income per capita: $5,400
Education • 89% literacy rate (84% female 95% male) • Everyone over the age of 15 can read and write • Required school years is 10 • % of GDP spent on literacy is N/A for this I do not know
Relationship with U.S • The United States and Jordan have had a good relationship for over four decades. • U.S. policy seeks to reinforce Jordan's commitment to peace, stability, and moderation. • Through economic and military assistance and through close political cooperation, the United States has helped Jordan maintain its stability and prosperity. • The United States has provided Jordan with economic assistance totaling more than $9 billion since 1952. • Funds to develop health care, education, construction to increase water availability.
Sharia in Jordan • The main law that Jordan is based of is Sharia. • This means that the Islamic law is very active in Jordan. • September 1970 was the last conflict Jordan had, it was known as Black September
Human Rights • Human Rights in Jordan concerns many outside and in the country. • Problems: • Abuse of foreign domestic workers. • Restricted freedoms of assembly and association. • Legal and societal discrimination and harassment of women remain a concern. • Jordan has been working on all of this and has been getting better but the matter still is that Jordan’s human rights are not very good. • Like most Arab countries the rights for women are not very good.
Current Events • They have been recent protests on the government. • This resulted in firing the cabinet ministers. • The Muslim Brotherhood, one of the largest opposition groups in Jordan, on January 26 urged Jordanians to pour into streets later in the week to protest against Prime Minister Samir Rifai's economic policies and the political situation in the country.
Current events cont. • The Awakening in Tunisia had set off Jordan also. Basically the same this is happening here as did Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. • On February 3rd 2012 King Abdullah II dismissed his entire cabinet and Prime minister in the hope that he would came the protests that where fueled by the worst economic crisis it has had in years. • King Abdullah has dismissed his cabinet 8 times over the past 12 years. Protests in Jordan
Credits/Bibliography • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/jo.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jordan%E2%80%93United_States_relations • http://www.rad-aid.org/countries.aspx?pageName=jordan • http://www.mapsofworld.com/flags/jordan-flag.html • http://www.desktopwallpaperhd.com/wallpapers/Landscape-desert-jordan-photography-staticfiles-image-shared-images-129691.html • http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/jordan-guide/ • http://archive.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=jordanian-government-expresses-commitment-to-media-reform-2010-12-29 • http://www.alaska-in-pictures.com/crying-eagle-5211-pictures.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_rights_in_Jordan