ADB’s Design & Monitoring Framework* (DMF). * Also used by other International Development Organizations — & known generically — as the LOGICAL FRAMEWORK (or Log-Frame). Introduction. ADB’s Design & Monitoring Framework (DMF) is a simple - but very powerful – methodology to
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ADB’s Design & Monitoring Framework* (DMF) *Also used by other International Development Organizations — & known generically — as the LOGICAL FRAMEWORK (or Log-Frame)
Introduction ADB’s Design & Monitoring Framework (DMF) is a simple - but very powerful – methodology to Summarize the Scope and key elementsof a proposed Project in an easy-to-understand, structurally-interrelated format.
ADB’s Design & Monitoring Framework (DMF) The DMF is used initially for Planning & Designing Projects. Subsequently, it is the baseline reference for Progress Reporting, Monitoring & Performance Evaluation, and Briefings.
DMFs — or Logframes — are used Worldwide by • Multi-lateral development agencies Such as the World Bank, European Union, the Asian Development Bank, and the United Nations • Bilateral development agencies Such as the Australian Agency for International Development AusAID, & Department for International Development (DFID,UK) and • to a lesser extent by National Governments Such as the Republic of the Philippines • as well as some private organizations.
Purposes of a DM Framework • A systematic toolfor : • Organizing thinking — relating inputs to the implementation of activities, activities to production of outputs, outputs to achievement of a defined purpose, and purpose to a high-level goal or impact. • Identifying and assessing risks—by listing critical assumptions inherent in project design and implementation. • Planning & executing (i.e. implementing),monitoring & evaluatinga project. • Measuring project progress— through SMART indicators with a means for verification. • Developing consensusand communicatinga project’s intent and strategy
The ADB Design & Monitoring Framework (DMF) IMPACT OUTCOME OUTPUTS ACTIVITIES & MILESTONES INPUTS
ADB’s DMF has Four ColumnsWe will explain -- and you will develop -- each Column Step-by-Step
ADB’s DMF Columns Design Summary Performance Targets & Indicators Data Sources & Reporting Mechanisms Assumptions (&/or Risks) Inputs
DMF Concepts WHY DO YOU WANT TO DO THE PROJECT? WHAT IS THE DEVELOPMENT PROBLEM OR CONSTRAINT YOU HOPE TO RESOLVE? [I.e. “Widespread Illiteracy” ] WHAT “IMMEDIATE” OUTCOME DO YOU EXPECT TO ACHIEVE? [I.e. “Improved Reading Skills” ] Design Summary OUTCOME
Developing the Project Outcome 1. Try to Limit to Only One Major Objective 2. Describe the Result Expected when the Project has been Successfully Completed.
Developing the Project Outcome Institutional/Organizational Support &/or “Strengthening” IS NOT a Project Outcome “Support” is only a means to the end [i.e. an “Activity or Output”]
DMF Concepts Design Summary WHAT IS THE HIGHER LEVEL, LONGER RANGE, “VISION” TO WHICH THIS PROJECT WILL CONTRIBUTE? I.e. “Poverty Reduction, Improved Quality of Life, Economic Development, etc., IMPACT OUTCOME
DMF Concepts Design Summary WHAT -- SPECIFICALLY -- WILL THE PROJECT PRODUCE, PROVIDE &/or LEAVE BEHIND? WHAT ARE THE “DELIVERABLES”? I.e. Infrastructure, New Policies & Procedures, Strengthened Institutions, Skilled Personnel, etc., etc. IMPACT OUTCOME OUTPUTS
DMF Concepts Design Summary IMPACT WHAT -- SPECIFICALLY -- IS THE PROJECT GOING TO DO? I.e. Build, Train, Equip, Develop Policy, Draft Legislation, Conduct Surveys, etc., etc. OUTCOME OUTPUTS ACTIVITIES
DMF Concepts WHAT RESOURCES DOES THE PROJECT NEED IN ORDER TO DO THE ACTIVITIES? I.e. Consultants, Equipment, Civil Works, Training, Funding Design Summary IMPACT OUTCOME OUTPUTS ACTIVITIES INPUTS
The Key Conceptual difference between Outputs& Outcome Levels Demand Strategic Management Levels Should reflect the intended Change in the situation after the target beneficiaries have Utilized the Outputs provided Supply The Infrastructure, Facilities, Goods &/or Services provided by the intervening organization
ADB’s DMF During PROJECT PLANNING Once established, DMF Objectives with related Indicators and Targets form the basis for preparing contractual • Scopes of Work (SOW) • Project “Deliverables” • Terms of Reference (TORs) • Performance Criteria • Insurance / Risk Liabilities • Budget & other Resources • Monitoring Systems Requirements
Puts the project in a broader sector context Consistent Format provides overview and permits rapid review of the project’s key objectives, rationale, & essential management elements Focuses on verifiable results - immediate & longer term effects & impacts - beyond deliverables - for later Monitoring & Evaluation Concise tool facilitates group participation during design and review Improves identification of stakeholders responsibilities Highlights assumptions, external risks and implications Enhances Communicationbetween different levels of Stakeholders: i.e. Project Sponsors, Managers, Contractors & Clients Value-added by the Design & Monitoring Framework