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The Pegaso project. Experience from EU and Mediterranean cooperation of observatories and testing indicators. Françoise Breton & Alejandro Iglesias. EEA/EIONET Workshop,Maritime and coastal information systems, 18-19 Nov, Trieste,Italy. Content.

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experience from eu and mediterranean cooperation of observatories and testing indicators
The Pegaso project

Experience from EU and Mediterranean cooperation of observatories and testing indicators

Françoise Breton & Alejandro Iglesias

EEA/EIONET Workshop,Maritime and coastal information systems, 18-19 Nov, Trieste,Italy


1. ETC-LUSI : key element to support ICZM policies with indicator development

  • ICZM indicators
  • LEAC and spatial indicators

- ICZM and the link with marine/maritime

2.Connected project to support ETC-LUSI EEA work

3. Cooperation elements with relevant Mediterranean organization and observatories

ETC-LUSI Key element supporting ICZMINDEX

1.1 Development of ICZM indicators

iczm and main policies
ICZM and main policiesICZM and main policies
  • Support the ICZM Recommendation (EU expert Group and indicator production)
  • Support WFD (river catchments DB)
  • Support the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (especially the ecosystem based concept and the spatial perspective of the seas)
  • Support the Maritime Road Map (coast/sea uses and spatial planning),
  • Adress main socio-environmental issues (especially marititime activities) in all EU coasts and seas (Cohesion policy)
  • Support the climate change adaptation Green Book, the flooding Directive and H2020
  • Support the new EU Comission restructuring of Directorates (DG ENV Marine unit with Coast and Maritime issue; support DG MARE work)
Water Framework Directive

Watershed management, water bodies

Continental waters

Base line

1Nautic MileWFD

Territorial waters

Limitterritorial waters (4-12 nm)


Marine Strategy

Marine sub-regions

Juridictional waters

Emergent marine

policies -UE

Limit Exclusive Economic Zone

Integration of EU policies in coastal zones :River catchments, marine and coastal zones

ICZM Recommendation



Deep sea

ICZM frame and DPSIR
  • Defining Coastal units
    • Administrative (Coastal Nuts)
    • Geographical (coastline, elevation and bathymetry), physical (sandy, rocky, muddy), by landscape
  • Articulation of the coast with river catchments, and broader hinterland
    • Water quantity and quality (S)
    • River management impacts (ex. dams and beach erosion) (I)
    • River floods (I)
    • Land uses (D, P)
    • Lagoons and deltas, transitional waters (WFD) integrated management (fish nursery, protection against CC ) (S, R) (link with ICZM)
  • Articulation of the coast and river with the marine interface and the maritime activities
    • Coast and Sea bed morphology and biodiversity (ex.posidonia beds) (S)
    • Sea water quality (S, P)
    • Land use and sea use drivers D)
    • Sediment balance (river-coast-sea) (S)
    • Anadrom migratory Species (river-coast-sea)(S)
    • Seascapes and marine ecosystems and species (S)
    • Sea uses maps (3 dimensions) (D, P)
    • Maritime activities and their coastal-sea hinterland (D)
    • Coastal/maritime planning (R) within ICZM frame
  • Work on ICZM since 1992.
  • Since ETC creation in 2001, ICZM has been an activity phare:
    • Participation to the EU ICZM Expert Group (DG ENV) since 2002
    • Lead of the WG-ID of the ICZM Expert Group (since 2002);
    • Participation to high level meetings since today
    • Participation in DEDUCE interreg project to develop and produce the EU first set of agreed indicators (2004-2007)towards a coastal observatory
    • Support to the countries doing their ICZM strategy (2007-2008)
  • 2008-2009: participation in EU ICZM Expert Group meetings to assess how to continue and the different options (linking ICZM, marine and maritime)
The EUWG-ID ICZM indicators (2)INDEX
  • First agreed list of 27 ICZM indicators
The EUWG-ID ICZM indicators (3)INDEX


DEDUCE Products
  • Example: Area of build up land
  • Indicator fact sheet
  • www.deduce.org
Participation at the Tourism Sustainibility Group TSGINDEX
  • to use ICZM indicator experience for measuring the

Sustainability of tourism

-Coastal tourism/cruisers maritime activity

  • Following UNWTO criteria for sustainable tourism, most of them have same objectives than ICZM:
      • Make optimal use of environmental resources
      • Respect the socio-cultural authenticity of host communities, conserve tangible and intangible heritage
      • Catalyzing benefits for communities
      • Maintaining high levels of satisfaction for the user and for the local populations solidarity and ethic principles of ICZMlocal sustainable development
Economic well-being of Coastal communities by NUTS

At European scale, coastal communities have a slightly lower population with higher

education qualification.

Development of Land and biodiversity accounts (EEA-ETC/LUSI)INDEX
  • 1.2 LEAC
    • Building Spatial indicators for the dry coast and wetlands
    • Initial inventory of available data linking coast and sea
    • ICZM and the link with marine/maritime applying LEAC for the sea covers, sea uses, seascapes
WetlandsLEAC: Urban sprawl in the province of Venice, 1990-2000, cells of 1 km x 1 km – wetlands in the background

Despite possible threats from sea level rise and the permanent ecological problems of the lagoon due to agriculture eutrophicating surpluses, urban and infrastructures development has continued in the province of Venice.

leac new spatial modeling techniques for mapping biodiversity potential
LEAC: New spatial modeling techniques for mapping biodiversity potential

1.The Green Background Landscape index

2. Naturilis (N2000+CDDA) index

3. MEFF, Mesh size index

4. The Net Landscape Ecological Potential Index

Developping land accounts for the coast and coastal wetlandsINDEX
  • Accounts for biodiversity in coastal wetlands (2007-2009)- Report due in 201
    • Camargue
    • Doñana
    • Amvrakikos
    • Danube Delta

 Mapping and accounting ecosystem services

The Camargue socio-ecosystems

Initial DB inventory linking coast, marine and maritime issues (1)INDEX

Report on available existing data sets (national, international DB) (2008-2009)

erosion patterns

Example: erosion patterns

Data is available, but the time series are so old and not “significant” European wide, National and Regional Governments have much better information on erosion patters.

  • Distribution of the artificial coastline

along the European coasts by NUTS3

  • coastal segments. Analytical results  (language: English, version  3)
Initial DB inventory linking coast, marine and maritime issues (2)INDEX

Alien and invasive species (Only regional examples)

  • Regional data available on specific invasive species, there is not spatial data available on general approaches for the complete coastal and transitional/marine waters.


Data identification

From EEA Data Services

ICZM and the link with marine/maritimeINDEX
  • Development of Spatial indicators for marine and maritime assessments developping LEAC for the sea
2.Connected project to support ETC-LUSI EEA workINDEX

2. The FP7 PEGASO project on Mediterranean and Black Sea

supporting the iczm protocol
Supporting the ICZM Protocol
  • It is a unique legal instrument on ICZM in the entire international community and shall serve as a model for other regional seas.
  • ICZM Protocol adresses Land and sea ecosystems, coastal and maritime planning including tourism, energy, etc., impacts of Climate change and adaptation, in a multi sectoral /holistic approach
aims of pegaso
  • Built on the needs of stakeholders developing simple and efficient tools (Indicators, mapping of conflicts, environment accounts, scenarios, coastal and maritime planning )
  • Bridging science and decision making in a co-working process involving users from the beginning and, therefore, building a long term co-research capacity within the post normal science paradigm
  • Will enable end user communities around the Mediterranean and Black Sea Basins to work together to identify common threats and solutions in relation to the long-term sustainable development and environmental protection of coastal zones
  • PEGASO build onexisting capacities to develop common novel approaches to support integrated policies and practices for coastal, marine and maritime realms.
the platform

To construct an ICZM governance platform, consistent with the aims of article 14 of the ICZM protocol for the Mediterranean.

objectives of the platform

The ICZM Governance Platform will enable the science and end user communitiesto share data and information and explicit their needs for tools, so as to build a common understanding on priority issues affecting the coastal zones of the two regional seas.

The platform is formed by the PEGASO partners, nine test fields (the CASES) with their stakeholders and the end-users Committee.

building a med and bs sdi

To build a spatial data infrastructure (SDI) for the Mediterranean and Black Seas.

The ICZM Platform will be supported by the development and implementation of an SDI:

To organize local geonodes andstandardize spatial data to support information sharing on an interactive visor, and to disseminate all results of the project.

objectives of the sdi

The Spatial Data Infrastructure willshare spatial data in an interactive way:

  • To advance in the concept and implementation of an interactive atlas of the Mediterranean and Black Seaswork with ICAN and Envirogrid (FP7)
  • Sharing capacity:
    • South-south/
    • north-North and
    • South-North
building tools

PEGASO will refine and further develop efficient and easy to use tools for making sustainability assessments in the coastal zone.

  • Spatial Indicators (expressing statistics into space)
  • Accounting tools/LEAC development for the Mediterranean and Black Sea coasts and sea (as far as possible)
  • Maritime spatial planning guidelines
  • Making of simple scenarios with participatory methods
  • Developing basis for a Med and BS Atlas
work on globcorine to extend leac to the mediterranean and black sea
Identification of wetlands not declared at RamsarWork on GlobCorine: to extend LEAC to the Mediterranean and Black Sea


GlobCover2005 – courtesy European Space Agency

Ramsar database – courtesy Wetlands International

challenge accounting for biodiversity at the coasts and wetlands of the mediterranean and black sea
Challenge:Accounting for Biodiversity at the coasts and wetlands of the Mediterranean and Black Sea

Building on what we have performed with CLC

Colaboration with the Med Wetland Observatory

New spatial indicators

developing spatial indicator of habitat richness
Developing spatial indicator of habitat richness

Models based on image texture and primary productivity have been applied for explaining up to 70 % of the variability in species richness (of birds - St-Louis et al, 2006; of birds and butterflies - Seto et al, 2003; of vascular plants – Griffiths and Lee, 2000)

A test was performed for the region of Doñana national park, on the basis of vegetation index (NDVI) derived from Landsat TM images, following three steps:

classification work for sea bed mapping
Classification work for Sea Bed Mapping

With the Marine Directive, countries will have to build a sea bed data base.

  • classification and harmonisation issues are of first importance,
  • common support and guidance to countries (following INSPIRE Directive).

 populating ATLAS of coast and sea (ICAN network)

mapping coast sea uses for maritime activities
Mapping coast-sea uses for maritime activities

The shipping routes, the anchorage areas, the nature protection areas (Natura 2000, RAMSAR sites and World heritage), the gas and oil exploitations & connecting pipelines, the fi shing areas and telecom cables were mapped.

Shipping intensity in the Northern Adriatic in 2005

(DAMAC project, Marche Regione, Italy 2007)

Mapping marine uses on the Romanian Black Sea


From PlanCoast project


The tools will be tested and validated in 9 sites (CASES) and by the ICZM Platform, using a multi-scale approach for integrated regional assessment.

working with governance platform

At different scales, bringing national, regional with local


To support an integrated regional assessment for the Mediterranean and Black Sea coastal and maritime areas, agreed with the governance platform.

  • To identify the main common threats and priority responses
  • To formulate policy response options at different spatial and temporal scales.
  • To produce guidelines for sustainable planning and assessment.
capacity building and dissemination

To establish and strengthen mechanisms for networking and capacity development so as to promote knowledge transfer and the continued use of the project outputs.

  • Interactive internet portal.
  • Training courses.
  • Dynamic regional networks.
  • Disseminatewidely.
  • Promote the ICZM Mediterranean and Black Sea strategic Panel.
  • The foundation and strength of PEGASO is that it is built upon the long-term work of a number of key national and international institutions dedicated to regional assessment of the Mediterranean and

Black Sea basins in recent decades

  • 24 partners : MAP/PAP-RAC/Plan Bleu, IUCN, PSCBS, MEDCOAST, UNEP-GRID, JRC, Universities and Research Institutes from UK, BE, FR, ES, IT, GR, MA, AZ, TN, LB, EG, TR, RO, UA.
building a huge mediterranean black sea connexion
3.Cooperation elements with relevant Med and BS organizations and observatoriesBuilding a huge Mediterranean-Black Sea Connexion
  • ENVIROgrid
  • MESH
  • PlanCoast
  • Continuing

ENCORA coastal wiki

  • ICAN
  • Observatory of Med Wetlands
  • Mediterranean Action Plan
  • Bucharest Convention
  • UICN (AMPs)
  • WWF
  • National observatories in South countries
towards a mediterranean cluster supported by spain andalusia and catalonia
Towards a Mediterranean cluster:supported by Spain, Andalusia and Catalonia
  • Links with Union for the Mediterranean (UpM)
  • Presentation of Coastal and Marine ETCLUSI Work & PEGASO to the EU Maritime Day, May 2010 in Gijon, Spain
  • Links with H2020 and EEA

- Bidding for an FP7 proposal for Africa

Muchas gracias Moltes gràcies Eskerrik Asko Muitas gracias

DziekujeMerci beaucoup Mного БлагодаряObrigado

Paldies ΕυχαριστώTack Thank you very much Dank u

Hvala Köszönöm Dekuj Multumesc Dakujem Danke Takk

Aitäh Grazzi Kiitos GrazieDêkuji Cпаси́боشُكْرًاDieuredieuf

[email protected]