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Reports of Cheating Behavior on Social Contracts

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Breaking Rules: Examining the Facilitaton Effects of Moral Intensity Characteristics on the recognition of Rule Violations. Wasieleski , David M.; Hayibor , Sefa ; Journal of Business Ethics, Vol 78(1-2), Mar, 2008. pp. 275-289. [Journal Article]

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slide1

Breaking Rules: Examining the Facilitaton Effects of Moral Intensity Characteristics on the recognition of Rule Violations

Wasieleski, David M.; Hayibor, Sefa; Journal of Business Ethics, Vol 78(1-2), Mar, 2008. pp. 275-289. [Journal Article]

Johnathan Lou, Charlie Kittler, Tristan Sguigna

reports of cheating behavior on social contracts
Reports of Cheating Behavior on Social Contracts
  • Executives at companies like Tyco, Enron, Parmalat, and WorldCom violated social contracts
  • Violation of rules constitutes an epidemic
this study
This Study
  • Examines individual’s ability to detect violators of a social contract
  • Focuses on three components of moral intensity: magnitude of consequences, social consensus, and proximity
  • Propose high level of moral intensity will lead to enhanced rule violator detection
design and method
Design and Method
  • Wason selection task (social situation involving drinking age)
  • 320 undergraduate students, age ranged from 19 to 23 years
  • three moral intensity variables manipulated into a high and low condition
  • Z test
results
Results
  • Hypothesis 1, 2 and 3 were not supported
  • Opposite direction occurred for 3rd
discussion
Discussion
  • Possible explanations:
  • moral intensity characteristics
  • Wason selection task
  • Culture (norms of drinking behavior)
  • Concept of underage drinking (schema)
  • Issue –contingent variables do not facilitate cheater detection to any significant degree ?
critical review
Critical Review
  • Morality and ethics in biological and evolutionary terms
  • Concept of moral intensity characteristics
  • Influence of our "nature" and our "nurture" in forming our ethics and moral behavior
  • Cultural values and age group differences
  • Wason Selection Task
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