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Polynesians. 3000 BCE Moved around Southeast Asia and Indonesia Began to settle mid-Pacific islands Developed charting & navigation methods Used stars and rising & setting sun for direction. Polynesians. Central and eastern Pacific Ocean 30,000 years ago – New Guinea populated

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Polynesians


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polynesians
Polynesians
  • 3000 BCE
  • Moved around Southeast Asia and Indonesia
  • Began to settle mid-Pacific islands
  • Developed charting & navigation methods
  • Used stars and rising & setting sun for direction
polynesians1
Polynesians
  • Central and eastern Pacific Ocean
  • 30,000 years ago – New Guinea populated
  • 20,000 years ago – Philippines occupied
  • 900-800 BCE – Polynesia settled
    • Tonga, Samoa, the Marquesas, Society Islands
polynesians2
Polynesians
  • Spread from island to island
  • Overpopulation and resource depletion became a problem
  • Politics, intertribal tension overpopulation problematic
  • 300-600 AD – Polynesians settled area from New Zealand, to Hawai’i to Easter Island
polynesians3
Polynesians
  • Why travel?
  • Religious warfare – losers banished or put to death
  • New technology –
    • Dual-hulled ships capable of carrying 100
    • New navigation – position of stars
    • New ways of storing food
polynesians4
Polynesians
  • Navigation
    • Change in rhythm of wave sets could indicate an island
    • Flight paths of birds could indicate land
    • Stars told direction
    • Clouds over unseen islands
    • Smell, temperature, salinity, color of water, wind direction, type of marine life, sunrise/sunset colors all gave information