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Next Generation Technologies for Securing Today’s Supply Chain. Tracking 2.0 A Resource Tracking System for Loosely Coupled Networks Presented to: Cyber Security Expo Memphis, TN October 7 , 2011 Presented by: Randy M. Walker Oak Ridge National Laboratory walkerrm1@ornl.gov.

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next generation technologies for securing today s supply chain

Next Generation Technologies for Securing Today’s Supply Chain

Tracking 2.0

A Resource Tracking System for Loosely

Coupled Networks

Presented to:

Cyber Security Expo

Memphis, TN

October 7, 2011

Presented by:

Randy M. Walker

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

walkerrm1@ornl.gov

oak ridge national laboratory evolved from the manhattan project
Oak Ridge National Laboratory evolved from the Manhattan Project

ORNL in 1943The Clinton Pile was the world’s first continuously operated nuclear reactor

2 Managed by UT-Battellefor the Department of Energy

slide3

Today, ORNL is DOE’slargest science and energy laboratory

  • $1.3B budget
  • 4,350 employees
  • 3,900 researchguests annually
  • $350 million investedin modernization
  • World’s most powerful open scientific computing facility
  • Nation’s largest concentrationof open source materials research
  • Nation’s most diverse energy portfolio
  • Operating the world’s most intense pulsed neutron source
  • Managing the billion-dollar U.S. ITER project
slide4

Global Supply Chain data is not connected

End User

Factory

Motor Carrier

Airport

Motor Carrier

Air Carrier

Manufacturer

Customs Warehouse

Multi Modal Carrier

Freight Forwarder

slide5

Lots of tracking, but no end-to-end visibility

6

ORNL

5

UPS

2

LYLL

1

4

Int’l Paper

Staples

3

Staples

conundrum how to access t rapped s upply c hain d ata to i ncrease p roductivity
Conundrum: How to Access Trapped Supply Chain Data to Increase Productivity

Established International Regulations

Deployed Technologies & Standards

Trapped

Supply Chain Information

Multiple Federal Databases and Lists

Recognized Proprietary Systems

slide9

Web 2.0 Principles = Tracking 2.0 Concept

What are the underlying Web 2.0 principles that ORNL uses to implement its Tracking 2.0 solutions?

slide10

What is Tracking 2.0?

Tracking 2.0 is a term ORNL has coined to describe the use of social media concepts and Web 2.0 principles to interface otherwise incompatible supply chain networks to both existing and emerging software and hardware technologies.

slide11

The Ubiquitous, All-Purpose Web Address Link

In Tracking 2.0, all tracking codes and technologies translate to Web addresses (URLs) that point to tracking information

FedEx Tracking Numberhttp://www.fedex.com/Tracking?tracknumbers=39827516310000049859670463312017

UPS Tracking Numberhttp://www.ups.com/WebTracking/processInputRequest?tracknum=1Z19Y76W0242363365

DOD Cage Codehttp://www.bpn.gov/bincs/choose.asp?cage=77272

DOD Part Numberhttp://www.dlis.dla.mil/webflis/pub/pub_search.aspx?Par=True&part=414VS806-6

DOD National Stock Numberhttp://www.dlis.dla.mil/webflis/pub/pub_search.aspx?niin=1680011237643

Networked Device Mac Addresshttp://www.coffer.com/mac_find/?string=

slide12

Social Networking

In a Web 2.0 social network vets and introduces A to B

slide13

Trusted Social Networking for

Supply Chain Tracking

Just as a social network web site makes the “six degrees of separation” amongst its members visible and accessible, Tracking 2.0 web sites provide the same access and visibility for the systems and components of an otherwise incompatible supply chain network.

slide14

Combining Links and Social Networks

NY Times Article

LinkedIn Study Group

Web 1.0 sharing

Web 2.0 sharing

slide15

Tracking 2.0 (Concept)

Trust Network

Enterprises

Web App

Mobile Apps

GEN (ret) Bassham trusts this

FedEx 98756753921

QR Code Scanner

GPS

Individuals

Location Mashup

Timestamp

Other Tracking

epa s doe s dilemma the gradstram model
EPA’s & DOE’s Dilemma: The GRadStram Model

60 high-risk radioactive sources were lost or stolen between 1994 and 2005, with an average of one per year not recovered

Between 1999 and 2005, the Department of Energy recovered 12,024 sources that were considered vulnerable or at a high-risk for theft or misuse

An average of about 300 sources of all types are reported lost or stolen each year

slide17

How GRadSTraM Tracking 2.0 Worked

Royal Mail

User Interface

Airlines/Airport

User Interface

USPS

User Interface

NPL

User Interface

Tracking 2.0 Development

ORNL

User Interface

Trusted Network

Repository

User Tags

Quick Search

Expandable

Real-Time Alerts

Atomic Framework

(Atom Syndication Format)

Intelligent

Agents

Interface

Interface

Interface

Interface

Interface

ORNL

USPS

Carriers/Airports

Royal Mail

NPL

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Paperwork

Last Mile RFID

Barcode

Scale

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Barcode

Scale

Radiation Monitor

GPS Location

Paperwork

BarCode

RFID

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Bar Code Reader

slide18

How Tracking 2.0 Works

Timeline Interface to Tracking 2.0

slide19

How Tracking 2.0 Works

Shipment

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Timeline Interface to Tracking 2.0

slide20

How Tracking 2.0 Works

Shipment

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Paperwork

Last Mile RFID

Barcode

Scale

Manifest

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Timeline Interface to Tracking 2.0

slide21

How Tracking 2.0 Works

Shipment

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Paperwork

Last Mile RFID

Barcode

Scale

Manifest

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Carrier 2

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Timeline Interface to Tracking 2.0

Carrier 1

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Barcode

Scale

Radiation Monitor

GPS Location

Air Carriers/Airports

slide22

How Tracking 2.0 Works

Shipment

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Paperwork

BarCode

RFID

Carrier 2

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Paperwork

Last Mile RFID

Barcode

Scale

Manifest

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Carrier 2

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Timeline Interface to Tracking 2.0

Carrier 1

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Barcode

Scale

Radiation Monitor

GPS Location

Air Carriers/Airports

slide23

How Tracking 2.0 Works

Shipment

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Paperwork

BarCode

RFID

Carrier 2

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Paperwork

Last Mile RFID

Barcode

Scale

Manifest

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Carrier 2

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Timeline Interface to Tracking 2.0

RFID Reader

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Carrier 1

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

---- ---- ----

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Bar Code Reader

Paperwork

RFID Reader

Barcode

Scale

Radiation Monitor

GPS Location

Air Carriers/Airports

security provides the motivation to act
Security Provides the Motivation to Act

9/11 Act

DOT

DHS

NRC

Identify, Track and Monitor Security Sensitive Hazardous Materials

Identify, Track and Monitor Radioactive Materials in Quantities of Concern

National Source Tracking System Regulations

State/Local Law Enforcement, Commercial Industry, Commercial Carriers