Human Rights Legislation In Canada.(See Slide 2 for the section on human rights and legislation in Canada) Kerstin Ogloff
In Canada we are governed by a set of fixed laws that apply to all people equally. (regardless of their position in society) • The Rule Of Law helps to protect our rights as well as preventing those in authority from abusing their power. • After 1945 the rights of minority groups gradually began to change.In a positive way • In 1947 Canadians of Chinese and eat Indian descent gained the right to vote. • But until 1960 aboriginal peoples whom lived on reserves gained the right to vote. • Although many Non-European peoples were still faced with racism and discrimination.
The Canadian Bill Of Rights • John Diefenbaker made the passing of the bill of rights priority. • In 1960 Diefenbaker’s government passed the Canadian bill of rights. • Although the bill of rights outlined the Canadians rights like any other act of parliament it could be amended or changed. • Human rights in Canada were not solidly entrenched in our legal system until 1982 when the Canadian charter of rights and freedoms became a part of the new Canadian constitution.
The Canadian Charter Of Rights And Freedoms • The charter protects the fundamental freedoms of Canadians and guarantees their… • Democratic • Mobility • Equality • Legal • And language rights.
Limiting the charter • The charter sets limits on some rights to make sure that one persons rights do not take precedence over someone else’s.
Reasonable Limits • The government can limit a persons rights or freedoms, but it must show that the limit is necessary.
The Nowithstanding Clause • Allows the federal and provincial or territorial governments to pass a law even if it violates a specific freedom on the charter.
C A N A D I A N R I G H T S ! !
other Voting immigration Women Aboriginal