FederalPolicy Update 2008 Dr. Sheryl Abshire Chair - Consortium for School Networking (CoSN) CTO – Calcasieu Parish Public Schools Lake Charles, La
Agenda • Status of Federal Funding for Ed Tech • No Child Left Behind Reauthorization • E-Rate and Related Issues
Current Federal Funding – EETT • Block grant to states; states distribute 95% $ to districts: ½ by formula and ½ by competition • Funds can be used for any technology purpose • 25% of both competitive and formula funds must be used for professional development
EETT Funding in Crisis EETT FUNDING HISTORY • In NCLB, authorized at $1 B • 2004: $691M • 2005: $496 M • 2006: $272.3 M • 2007: $272.3 M • 2008: $267.4M • 2009: ?
State Impact of EETT Cuts State FY02 FY05 FY08 (est.) Alabama $8.8 $7.3 $4.0 California $85.1 $65.7 $30.5 Louisiana $11.5M $10.5M $5.8M Florida $28.3 $22.9 $12.2 Georgia $18.6 $15.2 $8.3 Illinois $25.5 $19.9 $10.2 Michigan $24.3 $15.9 $9.7 New York $60.9 $45.3 $21.7 Ohio $19.2 $14.2 $9.5 Pennsylvania $22.8 $17.7 $10.5 Texas $50.7 $44.1 $23.9
FY09 EETT Funding in Crisis STATUS • Administration has proposed – for the 4th year in a row – to eliminate EETT • House Appropriations Chair Obey has threatened to pass a CR and let next President determine FY09 spending • Still must make every effort to get good marks for EETT in draft spending bills. • House to mark-up education spending bill in June.
Proposed NCLB Funding FY07 FY08 FY09 Admin Title I $12.8B $13.9B $14.3B Title IIA $2.9B $2.9B $2.84B EETT $272M $267.4M $0 Reading $1.029B $393M $1B Data $24.8M $48M $100M
NCLB Reauthorization • No Full Reauthorization Bills Introduced To Date • Last Year: House discussion draft circulated and lambasted by all sides. • Big Issues: Alternate AYP measures, assisting particular subgroups, funding and merit pay • This Year: Any action will be in Senate but Senate action unlikely given lack of time and HELP Chairman Kennedy’s illness.
Ed Tech in NCLB Reauthorization • ATTAIN Act (HR 2449 and S. 1996) • House: Sponsored by Reps. Roybal-Allard (D-CA), Hinojosa (D-TX), Biggert (R-IL) and Kind (D-WI) • Senate: Sponsored by Sens. Bingaman (D-NM), Burr (R-NC) and Murray (D-WA) • ATTAIN Revamps EETT by Focusing Funds on: • Professional Development • Systemic Reform Programs that Use Technology • Schools in need of improvement and LEP and Special Needs students • ATTAIN in House and (smaller) Senate Drafts!
E-Rate – The Basics • Discounts to public/private schools and libraries on telecommunications, Internet access and internal connections • Discounts range between 20% and 90% • $2.25 billion per year • Internal connections prioritized based on need • Paid for by USF – assessment on interstate and international revenues of common carriers • ALABAMA: $350 million from E-Rate in 10 years
E-Rate Updates • Funding: $2.9 B available in Program Year 2007 but still only at 80% for internal connections. Reasons: • Loading up during 2/5 on years • 50% more admin appeals being granted
E-Rate Updates II • Proposal to Change Payments • Schools gain access to funding as soon as FCDL received • Draw down on bank accounts as needed • No invoicing and BEAR forms after but schools must keep receipts • Problems: waste, fraud and abuse detection hindered; record-keeping foisted entirely on schools; and private school participation impacted
E-Rate Updates III • FCC hands down E-Rate order on performance measures • E-Rate success NOT to be measured against academic measures but based on connectivity measures – as CoSN/ISTE sought. • Order mandates that USAC be measured on its performance (application processing/appeals) – as CoSN/ISTE sought. • Order extends E-Rate requirements on document retention and debarment to other USF programs – as CoSN/ISTE sought.
E-Rate Continuing Challenges Anti Deficiency Act • ADA: FCC cannot obligate funds unless sufficient dollars in accounts to cover obligations • 2004: FCC deems E-Rate subject to ADA and deems funding notifications to be obligations. • August-November 2004: USAC shuts down program • 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008: Temporary exemptions • Next exemption expires December 31, 2008 • Permanent Exemption Legislation: S. 609 and HR 278
E-Rate Continuing Challenges II • Internet Safety • Deleting Online Predators Act • Would Require E-Rate Recipients to Block Access to Chat Rooms/Social Networking Sites • Issues: Local control; education vs. mandates; unintended consequences • Protecting Children in 21st Century Act • Guts DOPA: E-Rate recipients certify that they are educating students re. social networking/chat rooms/cyberbullying. • Just passed Senate!