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Sex and Pleasure. Paper groups. Sex and Pleasure. Reproduction one reason for sex Sexual expression for pleasure also a normal and healthy part of human behavior. Adult Sexual Relationships. “Hooking Up” Stranger hook-up Non stranger hook-up Sex within friendship Sex within dating

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sex and pleasure1
Sex and Pleasure
  • Reproduction one reason for sex
  • Sexual expression for pleasure also a normal and healthy part of human behavior
adult sexual relationships
Adult Sexual Relationships
  • “Hooking Up”
    • Stranger hook-up
    • Non stranger hook-up
  • Sex within friendship
  • Sex within dating
  • Sex within long-term relationship
    • Marriage or not
  • Extra-relationship
adult sexual relationships1
Adult Sexual Relationships
  • With self
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KaSdIUQeRjw
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FjXyuIerEdI&feature=related
adult sexual relationships2
Adult Sexual Relationships
  • Between women (“Loving Another Woman”)
  • Between man and woman
  • Transgender, transexual
  • With multiple partners, male or female
  • Polygamy, polyandry
types of sexual activity
Types of Sexual Activity
  • Hugging, kissing, dancing, touching, rubbing, breasts
  • Masturbation (alone)
  • Mutual masturbation
    • Self, other, as foreplay or main event
  • Oral sex
    • One at a time or simultaneous
    • As foreplay or main event
  • Intercourse
    • Anal or vaginal
    • With penis or dildo
    • Multiple positions
    • May involve manual stim of breasts, clitoris, penis, anus
why is sex pleasurable
Why is Sex Pleasurable?
  • Evolutionary perspective
  • Is all sex pleasurable?
libido
Libido
  • Sex drive: rate of urge for sex
  • Varies from person to person, like other factors
  • Combination of biology (hormones, health, etc.) and psychological factors
  • Internal force + external factors
  • Triggered by a stimulus (simple to complex)
  • Differences can cause conflict in relationships
libido1
Libido
  • Is idea that women’s sex drives are lower than men’s a myth or reality?
sexual senses
Sexual Senses
  • Touch
    • Humans social, touching
    • Erogenous zones
    • Fingertips
  • Vision
    • Eyes prominent, forward facing and protected
    • Big brain to interpret
    • Arousal through visual cues
sexual senses1
Sexual Senses
  • Smell

- lost acuity thru evolution

- still can trigger arousal, esp. when connected to memory

  • Sound

- also not great

- voice, music can trigger sexual response

sexual arousal
Sexual Arousal
  • Most commonly know sign: erect penis
  • Assume men more easily aroused than women
  • Research indicates physiological measures for genital arousal same for men and women
human sexual response cycle
Human Sexual Response Cycle
  • Masters & Johnson (1966) linear model
  • Info limited to genital response
  • Based on cultural idea that sex is genital and orgasm the ultimate goal
human sexual response cycle masters johnson 1966
Human Sexual Response Cycle(Masters & Johnson, 1966)
  • Excitement
  • Vasocongestion, clitoris engorged.
  • size and shape of the labia may change.
  • inner two thirds of the vagina may expand.
  • may be an enlargement of the breasts.
  • skin may become flushed, women may experience heightened sensitivity in parts of their body, like the nipples.
  • increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and muscle tension.
human sexual response cycle masters johnson 19661
Human Sexual Response Cycle(Masters & Johnson, 1966)
  • Plateau
  • continued swelling of the tissues in the vagina
  • clitoris can withdraw into the clitoral hood and the external clitoris can shorten in size.
  • labia minora increase in size and turn a reddish-purple.
  • may be a sex flush, muscle tension, increase in heart rate and rising blood pressure.
human sexual response cycle masters johnson 19662
Human Sexual Response Cycle(Masters & Johnson, 1966)
  • Orgasm
  • Contractions of the pelvic muscles around the vagina.
  • uterus and anal sphincter also contract in a throbbing or rhythmic way.
  • Muscles may spasm, blood pressure and heart rate reach a peak.
  • contractions (which occur at different speeds, and in different amounts) are usually what are experienced as highly pleasurable feelings of release.
human sexual response cycle masters johnson 19663
Human Sexual Response Cycle(Masters & Johnson, 1966)
  • Resolution
  • Return to normal state
  • Blood that had engorged areas of the body now flows out, swelling decreases and eventually muscle tension and skin flush go away.
  • A general feeling of relaxation.
human sexual response cycle masters johnson 19664
Human Sexual Response Cycle(Masters & Johnson, 1966)

Masters & Johnson criticism

  • Assumes men and women respond exactly the same,
  • all four steps, every time?
  • non-biologic experiences such as desire, emotion, pleasure and satisfaction?
  • Does not place sexuality within context (i.e. relationship, setting)
  • Overemphasis intercourse and orgasm
female sexual response cycle whipple and brash mcgreer 1997
Female Sexual Response Cycle(Whipple and Brash-McGreer, 1997)
  • Whipple and Brash-McGreer (1997) circular sexual response pattern for women.
  • four stages from Reed (see Figure 2):

1. seduction (encompassing desire)

2. sensations (excitement and plateau)

3. surrender (orgasm),

4. reflection (resolution)

female sexual response cycle whipple and brash mcgreer 19972
Female Sexual Response Cycle(Whipple and Brash-McGreer, 1997)
  • pleasant and satisfying sexual experiences may have reinforcing effect, leading to the seduction phase of the next sexual experience. .
  • If, during reflection, sexual experience did not provide pleasure and satisfaction, may not have a desire to repeat texperience.
female sexual response cycle basson 2001
Female Sexual Response Cycle(Basson, 2001)
  • Basson’s model incorporates the importance of emotional intimacy, sexual stimuli, and relationship satisfaction (see Figure 3)
  • Women’s sexuality affected by psychosocial issues (e.g., satisfaction with the relationship, self-image, previous negative sexual experiences).
female sexual response cycle basson 20012
Female Sexual Response Cycle(Basson, 2001)
  • women have many reasons for engaging in sexual activity other than biological drive
    • desire for increased emotional closeness and intimacy
    • overtures from a partner
female sexual response cycle basson 20013
Female Sexual Response Cycle(Basson, 2001)
  • desire for intimacy, seek ways to become sexually aroused via conversation, music, reading or viewing erotic materials, or direct stimulation.
  • Once aroused, sexual desire emerges and motivates her to continue the activity.
  • many points of vulnerability may derail or distract a woman from feeling sexually fulfilled.
    • Like what?
    • Some argue this is intentional/useful
female sexual response cycle basson 20014
Female Sexual Response Cycle(Basson, 2001)
  • goal of sexual activity for women not necessarily orgasm
  • May be personal satisfaction
    • physical satisfaction (orgasm)
    • and/or emotional satisfaction (a feeling of intimacy and connection with a partner)
female sexual response cycle
Female Sexual Response Cycle
  • Do any theories encapsulate masturbation?
purpose of sex
Purpose of sex
  • Why do women have sex?
    • Reproduction (previous discussion)
    • Pleasure (today’s topic)
    • Can we list ten other reasons?
coming up
Coming Up
  • Politics of orgasm
  • Non-pleasurable sex
  • “abnormal” sexual behavior
  • Sexual conflict
  • Sex, power, coercion, force