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The World Exposition of 1889 in Paris. Why have a World Exposition? . Each universal exposition was a showcase from the middle of the 19th century for French technical and scientific progress Before the 1889 exposition, there had been others: 1855, 1867 and 1878. 1889.

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why have a world exposition
Why have a World Exposition?
  • Each universal exposition was a showcase from the middle of the 19th century for French technical and scientific progress
  • Before the 1889 exposition, there had been others: 1855, 1867 and 1878
  • 1789 was the year which saw the Storming of the Bastille and the start of the French Revolution.
  • 1889 – The French Revolution celebrated its centenary and France wanted to commemorate this with a World Expo.
where would the expo be held
Where would the Expo be held?
  • In all it covered 96 hectares
  • le Champs de Mars
  • le Trocadéro
  • le quai d'Orsay
  • A part of the Seine river
  • The Esplanade in front of Les Invalides.
      • On the right, the Champs de Mars.
how did the french feel about this
How did the French feel about this?
  • The French were not at all in agreement with celebrating the Revolution.
  • Even worse, the majority of countries invited were monarchies. They certainly did not want to encourage a celebration that commemorated a revolution!
  • Consequently the international profile of the Expo was a little « fragile » during the preparations for the event.
the participants
The participants?
  • Nevertheless, some countries wanted to participate indirectly in the Expo.
    • Greece
    • Japan
    • Serbia
    • Persia
    • Siam (now Thailand)
    • Turkey
    • Russia
    • The majority of Latin American countries.
  • What could be done to attract people?
  • You could offer “a magic garden” in “fairyland” ?
  • World Expo not only offered this but also much more
a special attraction
A special attraction.
  • To be assured of an international customer base, there had to be an attraction that was « different ».
  • An architectural competition was organised.
  • More than 107 entrants suggested projects that were varied and even weird.
  • One of them was for an enormous guillotine 30 metres in height!
the eiffel tower
The Eiffel Tower
  • The supreme symbol for the 1889 Expo was obviously the Eiffel Tower.
  • However, the Tower was not really liked by the Parisians.
  • A petition from 47 famous artists called it « a useless and monstrous building. »
  • They demanded that work should be stopped on the Tower.
an unworthy monument
An unworthy monument.
  • People thought that the Eiffel Tower had no place on the Parisian landscape beside other, more noble, monuments.
  • Expo 1889 introduced a important innovation: the use of electricity
    • Bridges
    • Gardens
    • Pavilions
    • And the Eiffel Tower

were all illuminated.

  • The Eiffel Tower was literally enveloped in light rays
  • It had a very powerful light at its top (see the photo at the right)
modern life
Modern life.
  • The introduction of electricity changed visitors’ habits.
  • You could visit the Expo at night
  • The opening hours were extended to midnight
  • It marked the beginning of modern urban life.
gustav eiffel
Gustav Eiffel
  • Mr. Eiffel had an office at the top of the tower, where he went to work every day.
  • He had an immense pride in the project, which lasted for the rest of his life.
la galerie des machines
La Galerie des Machines
  • This is «  la galerie des machines », which no longer exists, for it was demolished in 1910-1911.
la galerie de machines
La Galerie de Machines
  • The huge building was 420 metres long, 115 metres wide and 43 metres high!
  • It was one of the biggest building in existence and, at the time, had a greater importance than the Eiffel Tower.
  • What would you wear going to the Expo?
  • Here’s a picture from « Figaro Exposition 1889 » – the English version.
  • A lady dressed up to her nines is visiting the Expo.
facts and figures 1
Facts and figures 1.
  • Expo accounts
  • Expenses : 41 500 000 Fr
  • Receipts : 49 500 000 Fr
  • Profits : 8 000 000 Fr
      • An entry ticket
facts and figures 2
Facts and figures 2
  • Number of visitors :

28 000 000

  • Number of exhibitors :

61 722