Simple Present Tense Form • base form of the verb • ex. listen We listen to Vicki in class every Friday. • Third person singular He, She, It add –s • ex. She listens to pop music. Olga listens to rock n’ roll music.
Simple Present Questions • Yes/No Questions • With verb to be move the verb “to BE” in front of the subject I am sick. Are you sick? • With other verbs I love ESL 123! Add DO in front of the subject ex. Do you like ESL 123?
Simple Present Questions • Wh-questions Who, What, Where, When, Why, How • Add question word + DO ex. I love ESL 123! What do you love? • Wh-question about the subject- DO is NOT needed ex. Vicki loves the students in ESL 123! Who loves the students?
Simple Present Tense Meaning • General or permanent situations • ESL 123 has wonderful students! • Repeated actions • Isabel asks questions in class everyday.
Irregular verbs BE and HAVE • I am We are • You Are You are • He/She/It has They are • I have We have • You have You have • He/She/It has They have
Negatives • Add do + not to the simple form of the verb • Na does not have a brother. • Na doesn’t have a brother. • I do not have a sister. • I don’t have a sister.
Your Turn • Write 3 facts about yourself or a friend. • Write 2 statements about a repeated situation/habit in your life. • Write 2 negative facts about yourself or a friend. • Write 1 yes/not question about one of your facts. • Write one wh-question about one of your facts.
Present Continuous Form • Form verb “to BE” + verb + -ing ex. is listening Deepti is listening to Vicki. • Only verb to BE changes form with subject ex. I am listening. You are listening. She is listening. We are listening. They are listening.
Present Continuous • To form the negative form of present continuous add NOT after the BE form • Ex. Evi is NOT talking to her best friend because she ate her doughnut.
Present Continuous Questions • Yes/No Questions • Move the verb “to BE” in front of the subject ex. Thomas is sleeping in class today. Is Thomas sleeping in class today?
Present Continuous Questions • Wh-questions add the question word and move the verb “to BE” in front of the subject ex. Where is Thomas sleeping? • Wh-questions about the subject remove the subject ex. Who is sleeping in class? • Negative wh-questions add NOT after the Be form Who is NOT sleeping in class?