Political legitimacy
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Political Legitimacy. How and Who has the power/authority to rule?. Political Legitimacy. Legitimacy - the right to rule. 3 Forms of Legitimacy (Max Weber) Traditional Legitimacy Charismatic Legitimacy Rational-Legal Legitimacy. Political Legitimacy. Legitimacy - the right to rule.

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Political legitimacy

Political Legitimacy

How and Who has the power/authority

to rule?


Political legitimacy1
Political Legitimacy

  • Legitimacy- the right to rule.

    3 Forms of Legitimacy (Max Weber)

    • Traditional Legitimacy

    • Charismatic Legitimacy

    • Rational-Legal Legitimacy


Political legitimacy2
Political Legitimacy

  • Legitimacy- the right to rule.

    1. Traditional Legitimacy – the belief that tradition should determine who should rule & how.

    • Most Monarchies

    • Ritual, Symbols & ceremonies reinforce

    • Often shaped by religion

King Louis XIV of France

A Divine Right Monarch


Political legitimacy3
Political Legitimacy

  • Legitimacy- the right to rule.

    2. Charismatic Legitimacy – based on the dynamic personality of an individual leader or small group.

    • Qualities compel people to want to follow & even give their lives to their leader

    • Notoriously short-lived (does notsurvive its founder)

Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler


Political legitimacy4
Political Legitimacy

  • Legitimacy- the right to rule.

    3. Rational-Legal Legitimacy – based on a system of well-established laws & procedures.

    • Highly institutionalized, based on the rule of law

      1) Common Law – based on tradition, past practices, and legal precedents set by the courts

      ex.) United States

      2.) Code Law – based on a system of written rules (codes) of law set by the legislature

      ex.) China, Mexico, Russia


Political legitimacy5
Political Legitimacy

Factors that Encourage Legitimacy

1. Economic Well-Being – citizens tend to credit their

government with economic prosperity

2. Historical Longevity – governments (regime forms) that have been in place for a while

3. Charismatic Leadership – powerful factor

4. Shared Political Culture – citizens strongly identify with themselves & government

5. Satisfaction – citizens benefit from the government