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Executive Branch

Learning Goal: S3C2-PO6: Analyze the structure, powers, and roles of the executive branch of the United States government: a. specific powers delegated in Article II of the Constitution b. roles and duties of the president c. development and function of the executive branch, including the cabinet and federal bureaucracy. S3C2-PO7:

Analyze the structure, powers, and roles of the judicial branch of the United States government: a. specific powers delegated by the Constitution in Article III b. specifics of the nominating process, lifetime appointments, good behavior


Legislative Branch

Writing Prompt: Explain how the national government is comparable to the rules found in school or in a family.

Explanation: executive branch/principal or father (carries out the laws), judicial branch/counselor, mother (keeps the peace), legislative branch.


Executive Branch

Picture Warm Up


Executive Branch

1. Article II of the Constitution describes the job of the executive branch. The president heads this branch, which includes the vice president, the cabinet, and many civilian and military employees. The president is the commander in chief of the military, chief diplomat, has the power to appoint judges, and can suggest laws.

Bill’ Clinton’s Oval Office- considered worst ever!


Executive Branch

2. The Writ of Habeas Corpus is a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person.The only situation in which the writ of habeas corpus may be suspended is during cases of rebellion or invasion.


Foundations of American Government

Think-Pair- Share

Choose a president, predict what would have happened to his campaign if a specific mode of transportation had not been available, e.g. Clinton could not have been able to visit as many cities if he had traveled by automobile.


Executive Branch

3. The president has the power to make treaties with foreign governments with Senate approval.

the President ratified a landmark nuclear arms treaty with Russia, New START

North American Free Trade Agreement


Executive Branch

Impeaching the President

We did this. You don’t need to fill it in. 4. When the president commits a crime or does not have the common welfare of the people as his top priority, the American people may call for impeachment.


requirements to be president

Executive Branch

Requirements to be president

The president must be at least 35 years old. He/she must be a natural born citizen. He/she must be a resident of the U.S. for at least 14 years. He/she serves a 4 year term with a limit of 2 terms. The president’s salary is $400,000 a year.


presidential succession
Presidential Succession

The Vice President of the U.S steps in to take over power if

the president dies or resigns. According to the Presidential

Succession Act of 1947/ The order is: 1. Vice President

2. Speaker of the House 3. President Pro Tempore of the

Senate 4. Secretary of State


Judicial Branch

Learning Goals: S3C2-PO5: Analyze the structure, powers, and roles of the

legislative branch of the United States government:

a. specific powers delegated in Article I of the


b. lawmaking process

c. different roles of Senate and House

d. election process and types of representation

e. influence of staff, lobbyists, special interest groups and political action committees (PACs)


Judicial Branch

5. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. It is the only court mentioned in the Constitution. There is 1 Chief Justice and 8 associate justices.


Judicial Branch

6. The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional is an example of checks and balances and is called judicial review.


Executive Branch

7. Members of the Supreme Court are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. They serve for life or until they retire.


Executive Branch

8. The Supreme Court has the power to rule in cases involvingfederal laws, treaties, the Constitution, and conflicts between the states.


Foundations of American Government


Read one of the learning goals for the unit and write a multiple choice test question based on the goal.