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Choosing Your Career

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  1. 1 Choosing Your Career 1.1 Jobs and Careers 1.2 Coping with Change andReinventing Yourself

  2. Lesson 1.1Jobs and Careers GOALS • Discuss career and job trends, and describe sources of job information. • Complete a job analysis, listing positive and negative features of potential career choices. STANDARD(S) • 1.1 Interpret factors affecting income • A. Career choices and potential income • B. Educational requirements/training costs • C. Educational level Chapter 1

  3. Careers of the Future • Major occupational groups • Professional – one of the highest paying career group; having knowledge is KEY! • Lawyers, economists, teachers • Service – large and increasing sector of the market • Job titles and descriptions • Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) • http://online.onetcenter.org • Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) • http://www.bls.gov/oco • Monthly Labor Review • http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/mlrhome.htm Chapter 1

  4. Management Professional Service Sales Administrative Farming Construction Installation Production Transportation Armed Forces OOH Job Description Categories Chapter 1

  5. Job Analysis • A job analysis is an evaluation of the positive and negative attributes of a given type of work. • A job analysis can help you identify types of work that would be a good fit for you. • The salary you earn will depend on your skills, education, and experience. Chapter 1

  6. Job Analysis Form Title and salary Skills, education, and experience Positive features Negative features Chapter 1

  7. Positive Features of Employment • Salary is the amount of monthly or annual pay that you will earn for your labor. • Benefits are company-provided supplements to salary, such as sick pay, vacation time, profit-sharing plans, and health insurance. • Opportunity for promotion is the ability to advance to positions of greater responsibility and higher pay. • Other things to consider: • Commuting distance, work hours and flexibility, company stability, and personnel policies Chapter 1

  8. Negative Features of Employment • Employee expenses include any costs of working paid by the employee that are not reimbursed by the employer. • Examples include the costs of parking and transportation, such as gasoline or bus fare. • The cost of these expenses can make a job less attractive. • Work characteristics are the daily activities of the job and the environment in which they must be performed. • Examples include working indoors versus outdoors, working alone versus working on a team, and having a high or low degree of stress. • Some work characteristics can make a job less attractive to some workers. Chapter 1

  9. Entrepreneurship • An entrepreneur is someone who organizes, manages, and assumes the ownership risks of a new business. • Opportunities for business ownership • Continue a family business • Purchase an existing business or franchise • Start a new business from scratch Chapter 1

  10. Advantages of Owning Your Own Business • Make the decisions • Be your own boss • Feel in control of your own future • Keep the profits Chapter 1

  11. Disadvantages of Owning Your Own Business • Large investment of planning and money • High risk of failure • Statistics show that most new small businesses do not succeed. • Two most common reasons for failure: • Lack of financing • Lack of skills Chapter 1

  12. Quick Review • What are some positive features of employment? • What are some U.S. government publications to help you research careers? • How can you prepare for the new and rapidly changing work environment? Chapter 1

  13. Applying Your Knowledge  • Think of a new technology/invention that has been introduced in the last few years. • How has it changed your life? • Describe a technological advance that was considered groundbreaking a few years ago, but that is obsolete today. • As you think of your career choice, how might changes such as these affect your decision? Chapter 1

  14. Activity • 1.1 Job Analysis (Career Report) • 1.2 O*Net Research Chapter 1

  15. Lesson 1.2Coping with Change and Reinventing Yourself GOALS • Explain techniques for coping with change and reinventing yourself. • Discuss the need for job networking for long-term career success. STANDARD(S) • 1.1 Interpret factors affecting income • A. Career choices and potential income • B. Educational requirements/training costs • C. Educational level Chapter 1

  16. Coping with Change • Stay informed – watch the news, read papers/magazines, etc. • Be a lifelong learner—someone who actively seeks new knowledge, skills, and experiences that will add to professional and personal growth throughout life. • Take classes • Upgrading—advancing to a higher level of skill to increase your usefulness to an employer. • Retraining—learning new and different skills so that an employee can retain the same level of employability. • Advanced degrees—specialized, intensive programs (taken after obtaining the first college degree) that prepare students for higher-level work responsibilities with more challenges and higher pay. Chapter 1

  17. Complete a Self-Assessment • Think about what you like doing, what you do well, and what skills and knowledge you want to enhance. • Self-assessment inventory lists your strong and weak points along with plans for improvement as you prepare for a career. Chapter 1

  18. Strengths Weaknesses Plan of Action Education Experience Aptitudes and Abilities Appearance Self-Assessment Inventory Chapter 1

  19. Placement Centers • Many schools, colleges, and technical training institutes have placement centers that offer services related to careers and employment. • Services offered • Assisting with self-assessment inventories • Advice and counseling to help you determine a career direction • Vocational, interest, and personal testing • Notification of job openings and assistance with applying and interviewing Chapter 1

  20. Changing Career Opportunities • Long-term sustainability • Embrace change and adapt to it • Be open to future opportunities and challenges • A world economy • Developing countries are nations that currently have little industry and a low standard of living • NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) • Opened doors for American businesses to move production to Mexico and Canada Chapter 1

  21. Changing Career Opportunities • Networking • Networks are informal groups of people with common interests who interact for mutual assistance. • Networking includes making phone calls, sharing lunch, and creating opportunities to share ideas with your group of acquaintances. Chapter 1

  22. Quick Review • What steps can you take today, and as you go through life, to deal with change and reduce uncertainty in your career? • What does it mean to be a lifelong learner? Chapter 1

  23. Thinking Critically • What have you done, and what can you do in the future, to expand your network? Chapter 1

  24. Apply Your Knowledge • Think of a business that you have observed making changes over the years to meet the changing needs and wants of consumers. (Hint: Look at how McDonald’s has changed.) • How might you reinvent yourself to meet changing demands in the workplace? Chapter 1