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EFFECTIVE READING STRATGIES. Instructor: Denise Davis. Pivotal Words.

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effective reading stratgies


Instructor: Denise Davis

pivotal words
Pivotal Words
  • No words are as helpful while reading as the prepositions and conjunctions that guide your mind along the pathways of the author's ideas. A word like furthermore says, "Keep going!" Words such as “in conclusion” indicates a summary!" Master these words and phrases and you will almost immediately become a better reader, for they will whisper directions in your inner ear.
reading writing
Reading & Writing
  • Reading affects writing and writing affects reading. According to recommendations from the major English/Language Arts professional organizations, one’s reading ability can be enhanced by intertwining writing and vice versa.
  • Core Curriculum Example
reading and writing
Reading and Writing
  • Write one paragraph that summarizes your thoughts on Chapter 1 of the Last Lecture. May take a 1-2 minute glace back at chapter 1.
  • Who, What, When, & Where and sometime how
skimming for the main ideas
Skimming for the Main Ideas
  • Remember that authors of college textbooks want you to recognize the important concepts.
  • They use:
    • Major headings and subheadings to convey major points.
    • Italicized words and phrases so that crucial new terms and definitions will stand out.
    • Lists of points set off by numbers or paragraphs that begin with the phrases such as "The three most important factors . . . " etc.
    • Redundancy or repetition. By stating and restating the facts and ideas, the author ensures that you will be exposed in different ways to the concepts he/she feels are the most crucial for you to understand. He/she hopes that on at least one of these exposures you will absorb the idea. Therefore, it is vital that you recognize when an important concept is being restated in slightly different words and when you have completely mastered the idea.
teachable moment
Teachable Moment
  • Do you think some majors should pay higher tuition?
  • Should some majors pay reduced tuition?
  • Is there anything else that you can tell me about this?
  • What else were you expecting me to ask?
effective reading strategies
Effective Reading Strategies
  • Effective Reading Strategies
    • Please take notes on vital information presented in the video.
reading preparation
Reading Preparation
  • Read during day light hours
  • Read for short periods of time
  • Set reading goals
  • Read in a quiet place
reading rate
Reading Rate
  • Your rate of reading should be determined by the following:
    • Your purpose. What do you want to get from the material?
    • The nature and difficulty of the material.
    • The amount of previous experience you have had with this subject.
improving reading rate
Improving Reading Rate
  • Train your eyes to make fewer stop or fixate on one word.
  • Be flexible in your reading rate.
    • Your Overall adjustment is the basic rate at which the total material is read.
    • Internal adjustment is concerned with the necessary variations in rate that take place as each part of the material is read.
    • General reading which is difficult for you will require a slower rate; simpler material will permit a faster rate.

What is your Reading Rate

  • Reading is a process of retrieving and comprending some from of stored information or ideas. These ideas are usually some sort of representation of language, such as symbols to be examined by sight, or by touch (for example Braille). Other types of reading may not be language based, such as music notation or pictograms. By analogy, in computer science, reading is acquired of data from some sort of computer storage.
improving reading comprehension
Improving Reading Comprehension
  • SQ3R Technique includes:
  • Survey
  • Question
  • Read
  • Recite
  • Review
sq3r survey
SQ3R- Survey
  • Before you read, Survey the chapter:
  • the title, headings, and subheadings
  • captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps
  • review questions or teacher-made study guides
  • introductory and concluding paragraphs
  • summary
sq3r question
  • Question while you are surveying:
  • Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into questions
  • Read questions at the end of the chapters or after each subheading
  • Ask yourself, "What did my instructor say about this chapter or subject when it was assigned?"
  • Ask yourself, "What do I already know about this subject?"Note: If it is helpful to you, write out these questions for consideration. 
sq3r read
  • When you begin to Read:
  • Look for answers to the questions you first raised
  • Answer questions at the beginning or end of chapters or study guides
  • Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.
  • Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed words or phrases
  • Study graphic aids
  • Reduce your speed for difficult passages
  • Stop and reread parts which are not clear
  • Read only a section at a time and recite after each section
sq3r recite
  • Recite after you've read a section:
  • Orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read, or summarize, in your own words, what you read
  • Take notes from the text but write the information in your own words
  • Underline or highlight important points you've just read
  • Reciting: The more senses you use the more likely you are to remember what you read. Triple strength learning: Seeing, saying, hearingQuadruple strength learning: Seeing , saying , hearing, writing!!!
sq3r review
  • Review: an ongoing process
  • After you have read and recited the entire chapter, write questions in the margins for those points you have highlighted or underlined.
  • If you took notes while reciting, write questions for the notes you have taken in the left hand margins of your notebook.