Chapter 8 Microbial Genetics. Biology 1009 Microbiology Johnson-Summer 2003. Structure and Function of Genetic Material. DNA & RNA DNA=deoxyribonucleic acid RNA=ribonucleic acid Basic building blocks: Nucleotides Phosphate group Pentose sugar Nitrogenous base. Structure of DNA.
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*DNA polymerase-joins growing DNA strand after nucleotides are aligned (complimentary)
*RNA polymerase (makes short RNA primer)
*DNA polymerase (extends RNA primer then digests RNA primer and replaces it with DNA)
*DNA ligase (seals Okazaki fragments-the newly formed DNA fragments)
of Molecular Genetics