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GCE 2008 Geography. GCE 2008 Geography . Why choose Edexcel?. This new GCE Geography specification builds on the strengths of current specifications, namely Edexcel GCE Geography specification A (8214/9214) and Edexcel GCE Geography specification B (8215/9215).

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GCE 2008 Geography

Why choose Edexcel?

  • This new GCE Geography specification builds on the strengths of current specifications, namely Edexcel GCE Geography specification A (8214/9214) and Edexcel GCE Geography specification B (8215/9215).
  • The Specification is brand new and exciting
  • The content recognizes the need to engage with students and challenge them
  • The geography is issues and enquiry based and expects students to research and question
  • Fieldwork is integral, as are skills needed in higher education

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

  • Guiding issues
  • Evidence of assessment overload, especially at AS
  • Declining numbers/competition from newer subjects
  • Evidence of a repeated curriculum
  • Changing global geography, not reflected by old specifications
  • A need for renewal, recognised in the Geography Action Plan
  • The ‘stretch and challenge’ agenda

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

  • Guiding principles
  • AS should be stimulating and inspiring
  • A2 should be challenging and questioning
  • The loss of coursework should not lead to a loss of fieldwork
  • A balance of local, global and regional geographies
  • Geography should be current and ‘real’, but set in historical and theoretical contexts
  • Choice should be present at AS and A2
  • Quality resources should be available to teachers at an early stage

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GCE 2008

who was involved

GCE 2008 Geography

Who was involved?

Extensive survey of HE views

Student surveys and focus groups

Centre surveys and teacher focus groups

The FSC’s Juniper Hall: new spec. birthplace

Chief examiners and Principal examiners from both Spec A and B

Edexcel Geography support team (revisers, subject officers)

Expert input:

Dr Rita Gardiner (RGS)

David Lambert (GA)

Eleanor Rawling

Vivien Pointon

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

What are the key changes?

  • 1 new specification; not an amalgam of A and B
  • 4 units, rather than 6
  • No coursework – completely exam tested
  • Reduction in assessment burden on candidates
  • Refreshed content

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

AS Unit 1 – Global Challenges

Global hazards, global hazard trends, global hazard patterns

Climate change and its causes, global warming impacts and options

The challenge of global hazards for the future

WORLDat RISK

Globalisation, global groupings, global networks

Population and roots, on the move, world cities

The challenge of a globalising world

GOING GLOBAL

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

Assessment for Unit 1 – Global Challenges

  • 1 ½ hour examination including resource booklet
  • Combination of:
  • data response / short questions
  • objective items
  • longer / guided essay questions

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GCE 2008

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Using Figure 4(a):

(a) Which EU country was the source of most immigrants to the UK? (1)

(i) Suggest reasons for this flow. (2)

(b) Which EU country was the destination for most UK emigration? (1)

(i) Suggest reasons for this flow. (2)

(c) Which of the following population movements is best described as economic migration?

Tick the most appropriate box

People forced to leave a country to escape from famine

Those who arrive claiming to be victims of persecution

People travelling abroad to find work elsewhere

People entering a country unofficially

Those who retire to ‘a place in the sun’

(1)

Using Figure 4(b):

(d) Explain why the UK is a ‘global hub’ for the movement of people.

(4)

(11 marks)

GCE 2008 Geography

Assessment for Unit 1: data response

Figure 4(b)

Figure 4(a)

Migrations to and from the EU

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UK customers are generally happy but some businesses and workers are less pleased

Millions of Chinese people and their government support this venture

Maersk shipping lines has offices in 150 countries, and 500 large container ships

Critics of this world-wide commercial activity see this as ‘globalisation gone mad’

GCE 2008 Geography

  • 10. Study Figure 10.
  • Suggest why the various groups shown hold differing views about this global trade (10)
  • (b) Explain how people can manage the environmental and social costs of globalisation for a better world. (15)

Assessment for Unit 1: guided essays

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

AS Unit 2 – Geographical Investigations

EXTREME WEATHER: extreme weather watch, extreme impacts, increasing risks, management

OR

CROWDED COASTS: competition for coasts, coping with pressure, increasing risks, management

PHYSICAL

UNEQUAL SPACES: Recognising inequality, inequality for whom?, managing urban and rural inequality

OR

REBRANDING PLACES: time to rebrand, rebranding strategies, managing rural and urban rebranding

HUMAN

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

Assessment for Unit 2 – Geographical Investigations

  • 1 hour examination including resource booklet
  • 2 longer response questions
  • Questions in three parts:
  • data response
  • investigation skills
  • impacts/management issues

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

Assessment for Unit 2 –data response

    • (a)Suggest some of the physical and economic factors that may have made Florida a crowded coast. (10)
    • (b) Using named examples, examine some of the environmental costs of coastal developments such as those shown in Florida. (10)
    • (c) Describe and explain a programme of fieldwork and research you would use to investigate the impacts of either coastal erosion or coastal flooding, along a stretch of coastline. (15)
  • TOTAL 35 marks

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

A2 Unit 3 – Contested Planet

Over-arching themes

The planet is ‘contested’ in a variety of ways, for example:

Increasing demands on a diminishing resource base.

Conflicting over the use of resources versus their protection.

Questions of economic development and inequality.

Should the aim be to make current patterns of consumption more sustainable, or are more radical actions needed?

Is technological development the solution to problems of resource depletion and environmental degradation, or it is part of the problem?

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

Organisation of Unit 3

  • Providing resources:
  • the costs and problems of consumption; management options and challenges
  • Unequal patterns of consumption:
  • poverty – v - wealth
  • The role of technology:
  • In overcoming resource scarcity: inequality and resource management issues.

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

A2 Unit 3 – Contested Planet

Energy demand, supply, impacts of energy security, the future of energy supply

Energy Security

Geography of water supply, risks of water insecurity, water conflicts and the future

Water Conflicts

Defining biodiversity, what threatens biodiversity, management of threats

Biodiversity under Threat

Superpowers and geopolitics, impacts and influence of superpower economies, superpower change and futures

Superpower Geographies

Causes, implications at different scales, reducing the development gap

Bridging the Development Gap

Inequalities in access to technology, technology and development, technology and the planet’s future

The Technological Fix

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

Assessment for Unit 3 – Contested Planet

  • 2½hour examination including resource booklet
  • Pre-released synoptic materials
  • Section A – 2 extended essay questions
  • Section B – 3 synoptic short essay style questions

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GCE 2008 Geography

A2 Unit 3 – Contested Planet

Paper overview

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GCE 2008 Geography

Assessment for Unit 3: extended essays

  • Explain the pattern of alien species invasions, and suggest the possible impacts of alien species on ecosystems
  • (15)
  • (b) Evaluate the relative importance of global and local threats to one named global ecosystem.
  • (15)

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

A2 Unit 4 – Geographical Research

Choice for centres and candidates

Physical and Human options, but not a physical and human divide

Some ‘old favourites’ renewed (tectonic hazards)

Some new topics (cultural diversity / glaciation)

Research

Flexibility in teaching and learning

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

A2 Unit 4 – Geographical Research

Hazards and causes, physical impacts, human impacts, hazard response and the future

Tectonic activity and hazards

Location, climatic processes and their causes, landforms and landscapes, glaciation, challenges, opportunities and management

Cold Environments

Feast or famine, causes of food supply inequalities, desertification and life at the margins, management and security

Life on the margins and food supply

Definition and value of culture, spatial cultural variations, impact of globalization, cultural attitudes and the environment

The world of cultural diversity

Health risks, complex causes, pollution and health risk links, managing health risks

Pollution and Human Health at Risk

Growth of leisure and tourism landscapes, fragility of rural landscapes, impact on rural landscapes, management

Consuming the rural landscape

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 Geography

Assessment for Unit 4 – Geographical Research

  • 1½hour examination
  • Pre-released materials
  • (a research steer)
  • 1 long report question relating to chosen option study

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GCE 2008 Geography

A2 Unit 4 – Geographical Research

OPTION 1: Tectonic activity and hazards

The physical causes of tectonic hazards and responses to them

  • OPTION 1: Tectonic activity and hazards
  • Question 1
  • Discuss the relationship between the nature of tectonic hazards and human responses to them.
    • (70)

OPTION 5: Pollution and Human health at risk

The need for international action

OPTION 5: Pollution and Human health at risk

Question 5

Explain why international initiatives are increasingly needed to cope with the risks of disease and pollution. (70)

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 – e-Spec

Electronic, interactive

version of the specification

Content easy to evaluate

and discuss

Free inside the specification

in September 2007

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GCE 2008

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GCE 2008 – How do I Keep Up to Date?

  • Keep informed – sign up for email alerts on:
    • www.edexcel.org.uk/gce2008
  • Regional Office and Team Support
  • Keep in touch :
    • GCE enquiries – telephone 0844 576 0025
    • ‘Ask the Expert’ service www.edexcel.org.uk/about/ask

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GCE 2008