UNIVERSITY OF CAMPINAS BRAZIL. 2012 ICABR Conference Ravello. Innovation Networks: Emerging Technological Trajectories on Ethanol Fermentation Processes. Dal-Poz, Ester Silveira, Jose Maria Masago, Fabio. Objectives. Analysis of the dynamics of global R&D efforts on biofuels
Three methodological approaches – throught patents
* According to OTTE & ROUSSEAU, 2002, based on graph theory literature
Centrality (indegree): 0,0119191
Not tipical of innovation net. This is the same net of the last slide. Density does not changes, despite GD = 1,0.
Low relationships variance.
No tech trajectory defined.
No pattern of highly cited and highly connected nodes.
Innovation is a star war for SSF.
a) Solvay Enzymes, Inc. (Elkhart, IN), July 27, 1993
Process for producing ethanol
b) ZeaChem Inc. (Golden, CO), January 21, 2003
Source: Thomson Innovation
Density= 0,0101807; centrality= Zero tendency (network is weakly connected)
Density = 0, 0735632
Centrality = 0,01091 – zero tendency
Source – ThomsonInnovation