Child Memory Development Mary Kate Murphy & Peter Popovich
Lev Vygotsky Key Terms: Memory Aid/Memory Strategies Recall Visual Image Word Representation , Short Term Memory Zone of Proximal Development
Vygotsky’s Bio • (1896-1934) was born in Orsha, Belarus. • While studying for a law degree at Moscow State University, he studied a wide variety of subjects that included linguistics, sociology, and psychology. • Worked for Moscow’s Institute of Psychology in 1924 which marked the beginning of his formal work in psychology. • He died in 1934 from tuberculosis
Known for his prolific writing, Vygotsky would produce over six volumes of work in the brief period of ten years • Child development in relation to interpersonal communication and the role of culture • Higher mental functions, cultural and social interaction • Ways obtain knowledge and meaning of the world- cultural mediation • Two distinct classes of memory: natural memory and other forms of memory • Memory aids and differences in age
Hypothesis 1: That it will be more efficient to use an image of an object rather than the word representation. Hypothesis 2: Images will produce a stronger memory.Hypothesis 3: Older students will be more likely to use memory aids.
Research Data Collection • Kindergarten, 4th grade and 5th grade • Use of Slideshow • Word Categories • Timing Issues • Questioning the Student
Comparing Results Rhyming Tool
Conclusion As Vygotsky’s theorized the 4th and 5th graders were more able to remember the words using memory aids such as images and rhyming than the Kindergarteners. Overall, images were found to be more effective for promoting memory than word representations.
Evaluation of Study Positive Feedback… • Allowed short testing times for large amounts of kids, making teachers more willing to help. • Allowed testing without kids trying to confound the research. • Open ending question allowed for interesting feedback from students and teachers. Confounds… • Gender Difference • Better Age Range and Representation • More Defined Groups • More Participants