Sociology + Linguistics= Sociolinguistics. Linguistic Variation Variationsim. Sociophonetics. Sociolinguistics. Phonetics. Phonetics. Phonology. Greek=production of speech & sound by humans. Study of organization of sounds in human speech.
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Greek=production of speech
& sound by humans
Study of organization of sounds in human speech
sounds (phones): their physiological production, acoustic properties, auditory perception, and neurophysiological status.
Phonology encompasses characteristics of sounds and the rules which regulate their interaction
In human languages aside from phonology, other parts also are present, such as morphology, syntax, and pragmatics.
physical properties of speech:
Phones (sound ‘unit’), study of acoustic , neurophysiological, and auditory perceptional characteristics
1. Identify linguistic feature(s) that vary
2. Sample the community.
4. Count occurrences AND non-occurrences of the variable.
‘regular’ short /a/ vs. raised /a/
Change most advanced in:
Middle-aged fisherman from Chilmark
‘positive orientation’ to island
anti- ‘summer people’
Interview data collected in the 1960s shows: