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Poetry. Defining the Indefinable. Poetry comes from the Latin word “ poeta ” meaning “a poet.” The French poet Paul Valery once defined poetry as the unique intersection of language and state of mind.

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defining the indefinable
Defining the Indefinable
  • Poetry comes from the Latin word “poeta” meaning “a poet.”
  • The French poet Paul Valery once defined poetry as the unique intersection of language and state of mind.
  • A form of literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to its meaning.
distinguishing poetry from other literature
Distinguishing Poetry from other Literature
  • A work written in verse, (verse is a particular type of metrical line).
  • Relying heavily on imagery, precise word choice and figurative language (like metaphors).
  • They may take many different forms distinguished by rhyme, rhythm, meter (beats), syllables, lines, stanzas, etc.
slide4

Purpose

Poetry is perhaps the ultimate expression of language. While some epics like “The Odyssey” are meant to tell stories, most poetry is simply used to convey emotions and ideas.

Why should we read poetry?

history
History
  • Poetry appears among the earliest records of most literate cultures, with poetic fragments found on early monoliths and runestones.
  • The oldest surviving poem, “The Epic of Gilgamesh,” dates back to 3000 BC found in Mesopotamia (now Iraq).
  • Aristotle believed there were three categories of poetry: epic, tragic, and comic. He elaborated these ideas in his work Poetics.
slide6

Originally, poetry was meant to be heard, not read silently.

Why do you think so?

Poetry was used to record historical events as well as communicate important information before a literate society. These poems were memorized, recited and sung.

Today poetry is used as a form of expression: to entertain, to inspire, to expand perspective.

slide7

Forms of Poetry

(There over 50 forms of poetry, here are some we will read, write and/or study)

Acrostic Elegy

Haiku Free Verse

Ode Pastoral

Sonnet Found Poetry

Villanelle Slam Poetry

Limerick Ballad

Epic Tanka

Blank Verse Cinquain

poetry unit goals
Poetry Unit Goals
  • Develop an appreciation for language and poetry.
  • Develop skills in interpreting poems.
  • Explore the use of figurative language.
  • Discover many different forms of poetry.
  • Explore the process of writing a poem.
answer this question individually
Answer this question individually…

How can poetry help you become a better reader and writer?

Hand this in when you are finished.

acrostic poetry
Acrostic Poetry
  • Ancient poetic form
  • Acrostic poems can be found in ancient Greek and Latin literature as well as in Old Testament Hebrew Psalms.
  • Traditionally, the first letter of each line spells a word or phrase, most often the title or subject of the poem.
examples of acrostic poems
Examples of Acrostic Poems

CatTrash

Can’t Takes a

Avoid Really

Trouble Astounding

Stomach to

Handle this mess.

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Hockey

Hockey is my favorite sport

On the ice or street

Cool and fun

Keep on playing

Exercise and stronger

You should try

April

After an extensive winter

Pretty tulipsRise from the onceIcy ground bringing fresh signs ofLife.

slide13

Poe takes it one step further in this Acrostic poem…

1st letter of 1st line, 2nd letter of 2nd line, 3rd letter of 3rd line…

A Valentine to _______.

For her this rhyme is penned, whose luminous eyes

Brightly expressive as the twins of Laeda,

Shall find her own sweet name, that, nestling lies

Upon the page, enwrapped from every reader.

Search narrowly the lines!—they hold a treasure

Divine—a talisman—an amulet

That must be worn at heart. Search well the measure—

Can you figure out the person’s first name?

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A Valentine to _______.

For her this rhyme is penned, whose luminous eyes

Brightly expressive as the twins of Laeda,

Shall find her own sweet name, that, nestling lies

Upon the page, enwrapped from every reader.

Search narrowly the lines!—they hold a treasure

Divine—a talisman—an amulet

That must be worn at heart. Search well the measure—

This is just the first part of a 21 line poem.