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The United Nations: The World in One Building. 1. Warm-up Questions. 2. Background Knowledge. 3. Text Analysis. 4. Exercises. 5. Questions For Discussion. Questions for Discussion.

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The united nations the world in one building

The United Nations: The World in One Building

1.Warm-up Questions

2.Background Knowledge

3.Text Analysis

4.Exercises

5.Questions For Discussion


Questions for discussion
Questions for Discussion

1.In the U.N. all the member states, large or small, developed or underdeveloped, have the same rights and obligations. Do you think this principle is being strictly applied?

2.Where would we be without the U.N.?

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The united nations the world in one building

1. How the U. N. came into existence

The name “United Nations” is accredited to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the first group of representatives of member states met and signed a declaration of common intent on New Year’s Day 1942. Representatives of five powers worked together to draw up proposals, completed at Dumbarton Oaks in 1944. These proposals, modified after deliberation at the conference


The united nations the world in one building

on International Organization in San Francisco which began in April 1945, were finally agreed on and signed as the U.N. Charter by 50 countries on 26 June 1945. Poland, not represented at the conference, signed the Charter later and was added to the list of original members. It was not until that autumn, however, after the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the U.S.S.R., the U.K. and the U.S. and by a majority of participants that the U.N. officially came into


The united nations the world in one building

existence. The date was 24 October, now universally celebrated as United Nations Day.

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The united nations the world in one building

2. Essential functions of the U.N. celebrated as United Nations Day.

The essential functions of the U.N. are to maintain international peace and security, to develop friendly relations among nations, to cooperate internationally in solving international economic, social, cultural, and human problems, promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedom and to be a center for coordinating the actions of nations in attaining these common ends.

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The united nations the world in one building

3. Six major organs of the U.N. celebrated as United Nations Day.

The General Assembly (picture)

The Security Council (picture)

The Economic and Social Council (picture)

The Trusteeship Council (picture)

The International Court of Justice (picture)

The Secretariat

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The united nations the world in one building

The General Assembly celebrated as United Nations Day. 联合国会员大会

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The united nations the world in one building

The Security Council celebrated as United Nations Day. 联合国安全理事会

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The united nations the world in one building

The Economic and Social Council celebrated as United Nations Day.

联合国的经济社会理事会

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The united nations the world in one building

The Trusteeship Council celebrated as United Nations Day.

信托投资理事会

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The united nations the world in one building

The International Court of Justice celebrated as United Nations Day.

(联合国)国际法庭

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The united nations the world in one building

Answer the following questions to see what you know about the U.N.

1. What is the U.N.?

Answer:

An international organization of the world’s states, which aims to promote peace and cooperation.

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The united nations the world in one building

2. When was it founded? the U.N.

Answer:

It was founded at the 1945 San Francisco conference prepared by the “Big Three” Allied Powers of WWII (the U.S., the U.K. and the U.S.S.R.).

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The united nations the world in one building

3. What are the essential functions of the U.N.? the U.N.

Answer:

To keep world peace, to find answers to the world’s social and economic problems, to win respect for human rights, and to help win freedom for all people on earth.

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The united nations the world in one building

5. Where are the U.N. Headquarters? the U.N.

Answer:

In New York City, New York, U.S.A.

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The united nations the world in one building

6. Can you name some important UN offices which are not in New York City?

Answer:

The World Health Organization in Geneva; The International Court of Justice in the Hague; The Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in Paris.

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The united nations the world in one building

7. How often does the General Assembly meet? New York City?

Answer:

Once a year.

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The united nations the world in one building

8. Can you name some persons who were the UN Secretary General?

Answer:

Thant, U; 吴丹

Waldheim, Kurt; 瓦尔德海姆

Pérez do Cuéllar, Javier; 德奎里亚尔

Boutros-Ghali; 加利

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The united nations the world in one building

9. Who is the UN Secretary General now? General?

Answer:

Kofi Annan; 安南

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The united nations the world in one building

10. How many working languages are used now at the General Assembly?

Answer:

Five (English, French, Russian, Spanish, and Chinese).

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Exercises
Exercises Assembly?

  • Multiple-choice Questions

  • 2. True/False Questions

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Multiple choice questions
Multiple-choice Questions Assembly?

1. The purpose of this article is .

A) to defend the U.N. Charter

B) to introduce early developments in the U.N.

C) to introduce the different organizations of the U.N.

D) to offer a defense for the existence of the U.N.


Multiple choice questions1
Multiple-choice Questions Assembly?

1. The purpose of this article is D.

A) to defend the U.N. Charter

B) to introduce early developments in the U.N.

C) to introduce the different organizations of the U.N.

D) to offer a defense for the existence of the U.N.

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Multiple choice questions2
Multiple-choice Questions Assembly?

2. What was the main reason for the creation of the United Nations at the end of W.W.II?

A) To end W.W.II.

B) To find a way to solve world health problems.

C) To prevent wars from starting again.

D) To allow small nations an opportunity to speak.


Multiple choice questions3
Multiple-choice Questions Assembly?

2. What was the main reason for the creation of the United Nations at the end of W.W.II? C

A) To end W.W.II.

B) To find a way to solve world health problems.

C) To prevent wars from starting again.

D) To allow small nations an opportunity to speak.

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Multiple choice questions4
Multiple-choice Questions Assembly?

3. Some people feel the U.N. is too weak because it cannot .

A) act without the agreement of all the five big powers

B) allow every nation an equal say in world affairs

C) make all nations rich

D) create a single world language


Multiple choice questions5
Multiple-choice Questions Assembly?

3. Some people feel the U.N. is too weak because it cannot A.

A) act without the agreement of all the five big powers

B) allow every nation an equal say in world affairs

C) make all nations rich

D) create a single world language

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Multiple choice questions6
Multiple-choice Questions Assembly?

4. We learn from the article that .

A) all important problems must be brought to the General Assembly

B) international debates should be sent to the Court of Justice

C) the important organizations of the U.N. can decide war or peace

D) important problems can be solved at the Security Council when the General Assembly is closed


Multiple choice questions7
Multiple-choice Questions Assembly?

4. We learn from the article that D.

A) all important problems must be brought to the General Assembly

B) international debates should be sent to the Court of Justice

C) the important organizations of the U.N. can decide war or peace

D) important problems can be solved at the Security Council when the General Assembly is closed

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Multiple choice questions8
Multiple-choice Questions Assembly?

5. The U.N. is described in this article as an organization that .

A) uses many languages to discuss world affairs

B) has beautiful hopes for and far-reaching effects on world peace

C) never lets the small countries speak

D) creates wars more often than it solves


Multiple choice questions9
Multiple-choice Questions Assembly?

5. The U.N. is described in this article as an organization that B.

A) uses many languages to discuss world affairs

B) has beautiful hopes for and far-reaching effects on world peace

C) never lets the small countries speak

D) creates wars more often than it solves

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True false questions
True/False Questions Assembly?

1. The first international meeting of the United Nations was held in 1945.

2. Most of the important U.N. organizations are in the United States.

3. The General Assembly is always held in New York City.

4. People are not always satisfied with the work of the U.N.


True false questions1
True/False Questions Assembly?

1. The first international meeting of the United Nations was held in 1945. (T)

2. Most of the important U.N. organizations are in the United States.

3. The General Assembly is always held in New York City.

4. People are not always satisfied with the work of the U.N.


True false questions2
True/False Questions Assembly?

1. The first international meeting of the United Nations was held in 1945. (T)

2. Most of the important U.N. organizations are in the United States. (F)

3. The General Assembly is always held in New York City.

4. People are not always satisfied with the work of the U.N.


True false questions3
True/False Questions Assembly?

1. The first international meeting of the United Nations was held in 1945. (T)

2. Most of the important U.N. organizations are in the United States. (F)

3. The General Assembly is always held in New York City. (T)

4. People are not always satisfied with the work of the U.N.


True false questions4
True/False Questions Assembly?

1. The first international meeting of the United Nations was held in 1945. (T)

2. Most of the important U.N. organizations are in the United States. (F)

3. The General Assembly is always held in New York City. (T)

4. People are not always satisfied with the work of the U.N. (T)

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True false questions5
True/False Questions Assembly?

5. The U.N. can help people win human rights in any country.

6. The U.N. cannot exist without the support of its member countries.

7. The U.N. was established because people felt that only an international organization could keep world peace and control modern science.

8. When the U.N. was first started, all its member states were large countries.


True false questions6
True/False Questions Assembly?

5. The U.N. can help people win human rights in any country. (F)

6. The U.N. cannot exist without the support of its member countries.

7. The U.N. was established because people felt that only an international organization could keep world peace and control modern science.

8. When the U.N. was first started, all its member states were large countries.


True false questions7
True/False Questions Assembly?

5. The U.N. can help people win human rights in any country. (F)

6. The U.N. cannot exist without the support of its member countries. (T)

7. The U.N. was established because people felt that only an international organization could keep world peace and control modern science.

8. When the U.N. was first started, all its member states were large countries.


True false questions8
True/False Questions Assembly?

5. The U.N. can help people win human rights in any country. (F)

6. The U.N. cannot exist without the support of its member countries. (T)

7. The U.N. was established because people felt that only an international organization could keep world peace and control modern science. (T)

8. When the U.N. was first started, all its member states were large countries.


True false questions9
True/False Questions Assembly?

5. The U.N. can help people win human rights in any country. (F)

6. The U.N. cannot exist without the support of its member countries. (T)

7. The U.N. was established because people felt that only an international organization could keep world peace and control modern science. (T)

8. When the U.N. was first started, all its member states were large countries. (F)

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True false questions10
True/False Questions Assembly?

9.Except the World Health Organization and the International Court of Justice, all the offices of the U.N. are in New York City.

10. The job of the Security Council is to solve serious problems before they lead to war.

11. Two working languages are used in the U.N.: English and French.

12. People have different opinions about the U.N.


True false questions11
True/False Questions Assembly?

9.Except the World Health Organization and the International Court of Justice, all the offices of the U.N. are in New York City. (F)

10. The job of the Security Council is to solve serious problems before they lead to war.

11. Two working languages are used in the U.N.: English and French.

12. People have different opinions about the U.N.


True false questions12
True/False Questions Assembly?

9.Except the World Health Organization and the International Court of Justice, all the offices of the U.N. are in New York City. (F)

10. The job of the Security Council is to solve serious problems before they lead to war. (T)

11. Two working languages are used in the U.N.: English and French.

12. People have different opinions about the U.N.


True false questions13
True/False Questions Assembly?

9.Except the World Health Organization and the International Court of Justice, all the offices of the U.N. are in New York City. (F)

10. The job of the Security Council is to solve serious problems before they lead to war. (T)

11. Two working languages are used in the U.N.: English and French. (F)

12. People have different opinions about the U.N.


True false questions14
True/False Questions Assembly?

9.Except the World Health Organization and the International Court of Justice, all the offices of the U.N. are in New York City. (F)

10. The job of the Security Council is to solve serious problems before they lead to war. (T)

11. Two working languages are used in the U.N.: English and French. (F)

12. People have different opinions about the U.N. (T)

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The united nations the world in one building1
The United Nations: Assembly? The World in One Building

What do you know about the United Nations? How important is it to world development and world peace? The following article may add something to your knowledge.


The united nations the world in one building

Do you know the old Arab story about a bird called the Assembly? phoenix? First it burned to death. Then it came back to life. That doesn’t sound believable, does it? But there is an example of the phoenix in our own time: The United Nations. In 1945, it brought the dream of world peace back to life again after World War II.


The united nations the world in one building

Since the day of its birth, the United Nations has been the subject of much debate. Some people attack the organization because they think it is too powerful. Others think that it is too weak. We can better understand this debate if we learn more about the U.N. and its history.


The united nations the world in one building

The U.N. was started for two reasons. First, when the idea was born, people all over the world were tired of war. They were tired not just of World War II, but of war itself. They felt that there must be peaceful answers to the world’s problems. They felt that only an international organization could keep world peace.


The united nations the world in one building

The second reason was that modern science had developed new bombs and airplanes. These weapons made it almost impossible for a country to defend itself. National borders were beginning to lose their meaning. There was also a feeling that this was only the beginning. Science would develop even more dangerous weapons in the future. Only an international organization would be able to control modern science.


The united nations the world in one building

Franklin Delano Roosevelt bombs and airplanes. These , who was President of the United States at the time,believed that the Allies should plan for peace before the war ended. On December 1, 1943, Roosevelt, Winston Churchill of Great Britain and Joseph Stalin of the former Soviet Union agreed to start an organization for world peace. They asked all countries, large and small, to join them.


The united nations the world in one building

During the next year and a half, the idea of such an organization was debated in all the capitals of the world. Then came a big day in modern history. On April 11, 1945, the first international meeting of the United Nations took place in San Francisco.


The united nations the world in one building

The organization was debated in all the capitals of the world. Then came a big day in modern history. On April 11, 1945, the first international meeting of the United Nations goal of the meeting was to write the U.N. Charter. All of the fifty-one nations at the meeting had their own ideas to offer for the Charter. After a long debate, a Charter was agreed upon. Every nation present voted for the Charter, no one voted against it.


The united nations the world in one building

The U.N. Charter is a beautiful piece of writing. In clear language it explains why the U.N. was started. The reasons are: 1)to keep world peace; 2)to find answers to the world’s social and economic problems; 3) to win respect for human rights; and 4) to help win freedom for all people on earth.


The united nations the world in one building

Since 1945, the number of nations that have clear language it explains why the U.N. was started. The reasons are: 1)to keep world peace; 2)to find answers to the world’s signed the U. N. Charter has more than doubled. These countries contain almost the whole population of the world. Every kind of government can be found at the U.N. And there is one idea which all these countries agree on: the need for world peace.


The united nations the world in one building

Most of the offices of the United Nations are in New York City. But there are other important U. N. offices all over the world. The World Health Organization, for example, is in Geneva, Switzerland. The International Court of Justice is in the Hague, Holland.


The united nations the world in one building

The buildings in New York stand along York City. But there are other important U. N. offices all over the world. the East River on the island of Manhattan. The park around them leads right to the water. The park contains many works of art that were given as presents to the U.N. by member countries. There is a Russian work of art next to an American one. In another part of the garden there is a beautiful Japanese bell. In some ways the garden itself shows the idea of the U. N.—peace among the nations of the world.


The united nations the world in one building

Outside the U. N. buildings there is a line of flags almost five blocks long. These are the flags of the member nations. The flag of the United Nations flies above them. When all the flags are flying, the General Assembly is meeting inside.


The united nations the world in one building

The General Assembly is the most important part of the U.N. At its meetings, any country can bring a problem to the attention of the world. But the first big problem of the U. N. was what language to use. How would the delegates understand each other? Should they translate everything into all languages, or should they choose one

language and translate everything into it?


The united nations the world in one building

They decided to do neither. Instead, they chose five languages. Everything that is spoken at the General Assembly is translated into Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. Above the hall of the General Assembly there are several little glass rooms. The translators sit inside them. They are very good at their jobs. They must be able to listen to delegate and to translate at the same time! This is a difficult but very important job. One small mistake could cause many problems.


The united nations the world in one building

The languages. Everything that is spoken at the General Assembly is translated into Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. Above the hall of the General Assembly there are several little glass rooms. The translators sit inside them. They are very good at their jobs. They must be able to listen to delegate and to translate at the same time! This is a difficult but very important job. One small mistake could cause many problems.SecurityCouncil also meets in New York. Its job is to solve serious problems before they lead to war. It also has the power to send an army into a country—if members of the Security Council agree.


The united nations the world in one building

There are many other smaller organizations in the U.N. One is supposed to help countries with their economic and social problems. Another is supposed to help countries win independence. Another is meant to help women all over the world.


The united nations the world in one building

Since its earliest days, many people have One criticized the U. N. They say that the U. N. is too weak. As an example, they say that some member countries promise to respect human rights, but many member countries show little or no respect for human rights. The U. N. can do nothing about this. Some also say that the Security Council is too weak to do any good. This happens because all five big powers have to agree before the U. N. can act.


The united nations the world in one building

But there are many people who defend the United Nations. They say that only the citizens of a country can make their government respect human rights. The U. N. can act only when two countries are at war. It can’t help the people of a country fight their own government.


The united nations the world in one building

Another important They say that only the defense of the U. N. is this: where would we be without it? When someone speaks at the U. N., everyone hears about it. There are reports in the newspapers, on the radio, and on television. No one can stop the debates at the U. N. Even the smallest country on earth can have its voice heard.


The united nations the world in one building

We are all citizens of the United Nations. Each of us should learn more about how this important organization works. If we work to make it better, maybe this phoenix will never burn to death again.

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The united nations the world in one building

phoenix [ should learn more about how this important organization works. If we work to make it better, maybe this phoenix will never burn to death again. 5fi:nIks] n.长生鸟;凤凰=a bird in Egyptian mythology which, after living hundreds of years in the Arabian desert, burnt itself on a funeral pile and rose from the ashes young again, to live for another cycle, it is often used as a symbol of immortalitye.g. The new city of Tangshan rose like a phoenix after the earthquake.新唐山市在地震后像凤凰一样从废墟中崛起。

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The united nations the world in one building

The use of the word “phoenix”: should learn more about how this important organization works. If we work to make it better, maybe this phoenix will never burn to death again. It refers to something that rises from the ashes of its predecessor. The League of Nation (1920-1946) was the first international association of countries. It was established with the aim to resolve conflicts peacefully and avert another devastating war. Though it had a total of 63 member states, it never had much influence. The Second World War proved it a failure. As the author puts it, it burned to death.

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The united nations the world in one building

Then the U.N. rose from its ashes and brought the dreams of world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations.

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The united nations the world in one building

debate [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. dI5beIt] n.&vt.争论,辩论n.=formal discussione.g. After a long debate the bill was passed by the House of Commons and sent to the House of Lords.经过长久讨论后,该议案在下议院中通过,并送达上议院。v.=have a debate aboute.g. We were debating whether to go to the mountains or to the seaside.我们正在辩论到底是去山上还是去海边。

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The united nations the world in one building

organization [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. C:^EnaI5zeIFEn] n.组织=organized body of personse.g. He joined a revolutionary organization headed by Helong.他参加了贺龙领导的革命组织。

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The united nations the world in one building

international [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. IntE5nAFEnEl] a.国际的=existing, carried on, between nationse.g. He was a scientist of international reputation.他是个享有国际声誉的科学家。

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The united nations the world in one building

weapon [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 5wepEn] n.武器=sth designed for, or used in, fighting or strugglinge.g. They fought their oppressors with any weapon they could lay hands on.他们用拿得到的任何武器与压迫者作战。

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The united nations the world in one building
border [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 5bC:dE] n.国界,边界=(land near the) line dividing two states or countriese.g. The criminal escaped over the border.罪犯逃过了边界。

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Former 5fc me a of an earlier period e g they are all my former students
former [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 5fC:mE] a.前(一度存在过的);以前的=of an earlier periode.g. They are all my former students.他们都是我从前的学生。

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The united nations the world in one building

goal [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. ^EJl] n.目的,目标=object of efforts or ambitione.g. It seemed therefore quite likely that the year’s ambitious economic goals would be reached.因此看来很可能本年度雄心勃勃的经济目标将被实现。

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The united nations the world in one building
social [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 5sEJFEl] a.社会的=of people living in communitiese.g. Young students need more chances of social practice.青年学生需要更多社会实践的机会。

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The united nations the world in one building
economic [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. i:kE5nRmIk] a.经济的=of economicse.g. There are many debates about the government’s new economic policy.关于政府新的经济政策有许多争论。

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The united nations the world in one building

sign [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. saIn] vt.在…上签字=write one’s name on (a letter, document, etc) to show that one is the writer or that one accepts or agrees with the contentse.g. Please sign on the dotted line.请在虚线上签名。

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The united nations the world in one building

justice [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 5dVQstIs] n.司法;正义=just conduct; the quality of being right and faire.g. The sense of justice pushed him to do that.是正义感驱使他那么做的。the International Court of Justice: 国际法庭

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The united nations the world in one building

assembly [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. E5semblI] n.集会;集合=number of persons who have come togethere.g. The assembly of doctors discussed the latest medical research.医生大会讨论了最新的医学研究情况。the General Assembly: 联合国大会

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The united nations the world in one building

delegate [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 5delI^Et] n.代表=person to whom sth is delegated (e.g. an elected representative sent to a conference or convention).e.g. He said his government hadn’t appointed any delegates.他说他们政府没有委派任何代表。

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The united nations the world in one building

security [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. sI5kjJErItI] n.安全=(sth that provides) safety, freedom from danger or anxietye.g. You should cross the street in security at a pedestrian crossing.你应该在行人穿越道上安全地过马路。

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The united nations the world in one building

council [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 5kaJnsEl] n.理事会;委员会=group of persons appointed, elected or chosen to give advice, make rules, and carry out plans, manage affairs, etc. esp of governmente.g. This document was issued by the State Council.这个文件是国务院发布的。

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The united nations the world in one building

independence [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. IndI5pendEns] n.独立=the state of being independent (independence from)e.g. Several of these colonies have claimed and have been given independence from the mother country.这些殖民地中有几个曾经向它们的母国要求独立并已获得独立。

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The united nations the world in one building

criticize [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 5krItIsaIz] vt.批评=form and give a judgement of; find fault with e.g. There are several articles in the local newspaper criticizing his work.当地报纸上有好几篇文章批评他的作品。

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The united nations the world in one building

citizen [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 5sItIzEn] n.公民=person who has full rights in a State, either by birth or by gaining such rightse.g. She’s a British citizen but lives in India.她是英国公民却住在印度。

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The united nations the world in one building

defense [ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. dI5fens] n.辩护词=(legal) argument(s) used to contest an accusatione.g. Counsel worked out a very convincing defense.辩护律师完成一篇甚有说服力的辩护词。

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All over the world e g now the company has branches all over the world
all over the world world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 全世界(的),在全世界e.g. Now the company has branches all over the world.现在这个公司在世界各地都有分部。

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Be tired of e g she is never tired of talking about her clever son
be tired of world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 对…感到厌烦e.g. She is never tired of talking about her clever son.谈到她儿子的聪明伶俐,她从不会感到厌倦。

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Take place e g the celebration took place yesterday
take place world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 举行;发生e.g. The celebration took place yesterday.庆祝会在昨日举行。

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Vote for e g the majority of delegates voted for the proposal
vote for world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 投票赞成e.g. The majority of delegates voted for the proposal.大多数代表投票赞成这个建议。

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Vote against e g he voted against the government party at the last election
vote against world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 投票反对e.g. He voted against the government party at the last election.在上次大选中他投票反对执政党。

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Works of art e g these beautiful needleworks are completely works of art
works of art world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 艺术品e.g. These beautiful needleworks are completely works of art.这些美丽的刺绣简直是艺术品。

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Be at war e g ruritania and utopia are at war again
be at war world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 在交战中e.g. Ruritania and Utopia are at war again.假想国与乌托邦又交战了。

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The united nations
The United Nations: world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 联合国

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Franklin delano roosevelt 5reuzevelt 1882 1945 32 nd u s president 1933 1945
Franklin Delano Roosevelt ([ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 5rEuzEvelt])(1882-1945):32nd U.S. president (1933-1945)罗斯福

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The allies ti alaiz
the Allies([ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. TI`AlaIz]):第二次世界大战中的同盟国

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The united nations the world in one building
Winston Churchill([ world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. `tF\:tFIl])(1874-1965):Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, British Prime Minister (1940-1945 and 1951-1955)邱吉尔

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Joseph stalin 1879 1953 premier of the former soviet union supreme commander of the red army
Joseph Stalin (1879-1953): world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. Premier of the former Soviet Union, Supreme Commander of the Red Army 斯大林

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The u n charter introduction to the u n charter
The U.N.Charter: world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations. 联合国宪章 ( Introduction to the U.N. Charter )

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The united nations the world in one building

Introduction to the U.N. Charter world peace back to life again. In the last paragraph of the passage the author calls on all the U.N. member states to offer every assistance to make the U.N. better so that it will never burn to death, that is, it will never become a second League of Nations.

“We the peoples of the U.N. determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sufferings to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and


The united nations the world in one building

other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom, and for these ends, to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed forces shall not be used, save in the common


The united nations the world in one building

interest, and to employ international machinery for the promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.”

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The world health organization
The World Health Organization: promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.” 世界卫生组织

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Geneva dvi5ni ve
Geneva ( [ promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.” dVI5ni:vE]): 日内瓦

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Switzerland switselend
Switzerland ([ promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.” `swItsElEnd]):瑞士

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The hague hei
the Hague ([ promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.” heI^]): 海牙

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The east river the east branch of the hudson river
the East River: promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.” the east branch of the Hudson River

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Manhattan man hatn one of the five administrative divisions of new york city
Manhattan ([ promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.” mAn`hAtn]): one of the five administrative divisions of New York City 曼哈顿,纽约市五个行政区之一

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Is supposed to help is expected to help
is supposed to help: promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.” is expected to help

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Is meant to help is expected to help
is meant to help: promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.” is expected to help

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Too weak to do any good too weak to improve the situation
too weak to do any good: promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.” too weak to improve the situation

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The united nations the world in one building

The buildings in New York stand along the East River on the island of Manhattan. The park around them leads right to the water.纽约的联合国大厦矗立在曼哈顿岛哈德逊河东段沿岸,周围的花园一直延伸到河畔。

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The united nations the world in one building

Outside the U.N. buildings there is a line of flags almost five blocks long. These are the flags of the member nations.联合国大厦外面飘扬着各会员国的国旗,首尾相隔几乎达五个街区之长。

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At its meetings any country can bring a problem to the attention of the world
At its meetings, any country can bring a problem to the attention of the world.联合国开会期间任何国家都能就某个问题提请世界注意。

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The united nations the world in one building

No one can stop the debates at the U.N. Even the smallest country on earth can have its voice heard.谁也无法阻挠联合国里的辩论。即便是世界上最小的国家,也能让人们听到她的声音。

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The united nations the world in one building

他们不仅厌恶第二次世界大战,而且厌恶战争本身。他们不仅厌恶第二次世界大战,而且厌恶战争本身。not just … but 实际上与not only … but also 在意思和用法上相同,均表示“不仅……而且”;另外还有一个更为正式的用法是not merely … but … as well.e.g. You once told me that you should know your buyers not just as buyers, but as people.你曾经告诉我,你不应该把顾客仅仅看作是买主,而且要把他们看作是普通人。

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The united nations the world in one building

This happens because all five big powers have to agree before the U.N. can act.这是因为安理会必须要征得五大国一致同意后才能采取行动。have to … before (+can)结构表示“必须……才能”的意思。e.g. Much more research will have to be done before we can be sure.我们还得做更多的研究工作,才能就此做出结论。

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In 1945 it brought the dream of world peace back to life again after world war ii 1945
In 1945, it brought the dream of world peace back to life again after World War II.1945年第二次世界大战结束后,联合国使人们得以再次重温世界和平的美梦。

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Since the day of its birth the united nations has been the subject of much debate
Since the day of its birth, the United Nations has been the subject of much debate.从联合国诞生的那天起,它一直是人们争议的焦点。

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The united nations the world in one building

These weapons made it impossible for a country to defend itself. National borders were beginning to lose their meaning.这些武器使得单独一国难以自卫。国界正在开始失去其意义。

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The united nations the world in one building

Since 1945, the number of nations that have signed the U.N. Charter has more than doubled. These countries contain almost the whole population of the world.1945年以来,签署加入联合国宪章的会员国数量已翻了一倍有余。这些国家几乎包括了全球的人口。

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Its job is to solve serious problems before they lead to war
Its job is to solve serious problems before they lead to war.安理会的工作是及时解决危急的问题,以免酿成战争。

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The united nations the world in one building

As an example, they say that some member countries promise to respect human rights, but many member countries show little or no respect for human rights.他们举例说,有些成员国许诺尊重人权,但是很多成员国很少或根本不尊重人权。

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Some also say that the security council is too weak to do any good
Some also say that the Security Council is too weak to do any good.有些人还说道,安理会太软弱无力,发挥不了什么作用。

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If we work to make it better maybe this phoenix will never burn to death again
If we work to make it better, maybe this phoenix will never burn to death again.如果我们共同努力来完善它,也许这只凤凰将永远不会再自焚。

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