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Understanding Testing 101. What does this stuff mean? By George Champlin. Understanding Testing. This presentation will hopefully: Explain the differences in PASS, ITBS, & MAP. Explain the rationale for testing. Explain how to understand the information the tests give.

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Understanding testing 101

Understanding Testing 101

What does this stuff mean?

By George Champlin


Understanding testing
Understanding Testing

This presentation will hopefully:

  • Explain the differences in PASS, ITBS, & MAP.

  • Explain the rationale for testing.

  • Explain how to understand the information the tests give.


What are the differences
What are the Differences?

  • PASS (Palmetto Assessment of State Standards) is a criterion-referenced test.

    • Measures the standard the state believes students should be achieving in education.

    • Is one of the highest standards in the nation.


What are the differences1
What are the Differences?

  • ITBS (Iowa Test of Basic Skills) is a norm-referenced test.

    • Measures student performance compared to a national average.

    • Is administered by Greenville County Schools to help identify student abilities and performance levels.

    • Is used in 2nd Grade to identify students eligible for challenge and gifted programs.


What are the differences2
What are the Differences?

  • MAP (Measures of Academic Progress) is a norm-referenced test.

    • Like ITBS, performance is compared to a national average.

    • Not only describes achievement level, but also prescribes ways to improve performance.

    • Will be used yearly to help identify Challenge and Gifted Students.


Rationale for testing
Rationale for Testing

  • PASS allows South Carolina to fulfill it’s responsibility to NCLB (No Child Left Behind) by:

    • Establishing a state standard of achievement.

    • Measuring the state, district and school’s performance in achieving that standard.

    • Establishing “next steps” if those standards are not achieved.


Rationale for testing1
Rationale for Testing

  • ITBS allows Greenville County Schools to measure how our children are doing, compared to the rest of the nation.

    • Provides an objective measure of achievement for specialized programs.

    • Allows us to identify areas of strength and weakness.


Rationale for testing2
Rationale for Testing

  • MAP does many of the same things ITBS accomplishes. Differences are:

    • Results are available the next day.

    • Can be administered multiple times during the year to measure progress more accurately.

    • Provides prescriptive strategies to improve performance.


What does the information mean
What does the Information Mean?

  • Your child’s teacher can help you understand what each of the tests mean.

  • If you need further help, the school counselor can also provide help.

  • Each test tells us something different.


What does the information mean1
What does the Information Mean?

PASS

  • Tells us if a child is meeting the State Standards for English Language Arts (ELA), Math, Science and Social Studies.

  • Gives information measured in the following way:

    Not Met Met Exemplary


What does the information mean2
What does the Information Mean?

PASS

  • Not Met – Does not meet the State Standard.

  • Met - Meets the State Standard.

  • Exemplary - Exceeds State Standard.


What does the information mean3
What does the Information Mean?

ITBS

  • Tells us how a student compares to students around the nation in Reading, Language Arts and Math.

  • Gives the information measured in several ways:

    NSS (National Standard Score)

    NGE (National Grade Equivalent)

    NS (National Stanine)

    NPR (National Percentile Ranking)


What does the information mean4
What does the Information Mean?

ITBS

  • Standard Score – a score scale based students grouped by age.

  • Grade Equivalent – The score a student in a particular grade would be expected to make.

  • Stanine – a nine point scale giving a range of performance. One being the lowest score and nine being the highest.


What does the information mean5
What does the Information Mean?

ITBS

  • Percentile Ranking - percent of students scoring below a particular measure (ex: 50th percentile means 50% of students scored below a specific score.)


What does the information mean6
What does the Information Mean?

MAP

  • Like ITBS, tells how students compare to other students across the nation in Reading, Language Arts, Math and Science.

  • Scored by RIT (Rasch unIT) and Lexile.

    RIT - Is an equal interval score, like feet and inches. Progress can be followed through out the year and from one year to another for school, class and individual averages.

    Lexile - a unit for measuring text difficulty that is linked to the RIT score. It tells the level a student can read with 75% proficiency. It can help determine a child’s reading ability.


More information
More Information?

Contact your student’s teacher or the school counselor if you want more information or if you do not understand the testing information.